The December 12th is the 346e Jour of the Année (347e in the event of Leap year) of the Gregorian Calendrier. There remain 19 days before the end of the year.
0 to 1899
- 627: Basileus Héraclius Ier gains a decisive victory over the Perses sassanides of the emperor Chosroès II.
- 1096 : The cross troops of Godefroy de Bouillon arrive on the Marmara Sea and devastate approximately Selymbria.
- 1423 : France. Marriage of the duke of Bedford, regent of France, with Anne of Burgundy, girl of Jean without Fear.
- 1574 : Murad III becomes Turkish Sultan with died of Soliman II
- 1602: Geneva is taken by storm by the duke of Savoy Charles Emmanuel but leaves victorious.
- 1604 : In France, the edict of Paulette, this day by Henri IV, founds the Vénalité loads without any restriction that financial.
- 1642 : Discovered New Zealand by the navigator Dutch Abel Tasman.
- 1720 : France: The financier John Law escapes.
- 1742 : The French army evacuates Prague and regains the France
- 1799: Consulate of Napoleon Bonaparte
- 1804: The Spain declares the war with the the United Kingdom.
- 1806 : Serb the Karageorges seizes Belgrade.
- 1830 : The Ottoman Empire recognizes the autonomy of the Serbia.
- 1875 : Under the pressure of the " Turcs" young people; , the Sultan promises reforms in all the Ottoman Empire.
- 1887 : The Turkey, in war with the Russia, called upon the mediation of the western powers.
- 1894 :
- 1901 : with Newfoundland, with for antenna 120 m of copper wire drawn by a Kite, Guglielmo Marconi collect the very first signal transatlantic wireless telegraphy, transmitted in Morse of Poldhu, in Cornouailles.
- 1905 : The Russian tsar Nicolas II grants a constitution to the Montenegro.
- 1915 :
- the German Hugo Junkers makes fly the first plane very out of metal.
- In the Dardanelles, after the failure of the allied operation, the evacuation of the strait starts.
- 1920: With Cork, in Ireland, the martial law is issued.
- 1925 : Reza Khan becomes Chah. He will be crowned in April 25th 1926.
- 1931 : In Germany, last figure of unemployment: 5.349.000 unemployed.
- 1932 : The Soviet Union restores diplomatic relations with the Japan.
- 1935 : Public statement of Frederic Joliot-Curie on the nuclear transmutations discovered by Enrico Fermi, during the handing-over of the Nobel Prize of chemistry, which was allotted to him jointly with his wife Irene Joliot-Curie: it evokes a colossal release of energy.
- 1936 : Tchang Kaï-chek is stopped by its generals, who force it to make peace with the Chinese Communists to fight the Japan.
- 1937 : the USSR: First general elections since the Revolution. Triumph over the Communist party, thanks to the system of the one applicant.
- 1938 : Camillien Houde is elected mayor of Montreal for a fourth mandate.
- 1952 :
- Roger Carpentier, of CEV (Flight test center), is the first pilot French to cross the Mur of the sound on board a Mystère II.
- World congress of the people for Peace, with Vienna, by the World council of Peace.
- 1953 : Charles Yeager is the first man to exceed Mach 2 on board the Bell X1-.
- 1961 :
- Marie Besnard, that which one called “the empoisonneuse one of Loudun” is discharged.
- Mylène Farmer, author and interprête Franco-Canadian, is born in Pierrefonds, Canada.
- 1963 : The Kenya becomes independent, with at its head Jomo Kenyatta.
- the Greek colonels, shown violations of the Human rights, leave the the Council of Europe before this one does not decide on their exclusion.
- with Milan and Rome, of the bomb attacks makes thirteen dead.
- 1975 : A suburban train strikes a bus, broken down with a , level crossing Toronto, killing ten people.
- 1981 : The Polish government issues the martial Loi and intern the militants of Solidarność.
- 1983 : Forcing the grids of the embassy of the the United States to the Kuwait, a truck explodes and kills five people.
- 1984 : One Blow-in State in Mauritania gives the capacity to Maaouiya Ould Taya.
- 1985 : Chartered at Arrow Air by the American army, a cd. 8 is crushed in Gander, with Newfoundland; it is the worst air crash to occur with the Canada with two hundred and fifty six dead.
- 1989 : Ashes of the Abbot Gregoire, Monge and Condorcet are transferred to the the Pantheon from Paris.
- 1993 : With the Chile, Eduardo Frei gains the presidential election.
- 1997 : The lawsuit of the Venezuelan Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, alias Carlos, begins with Paris, for three made murders in June 1975.
- 1998 :
- Member of CIO since 1963, Marc Hodler confirms corruption surrounding the choice of the cities for the Olympic Games.
- After three hundred and seventeen days of detention, Vincent Cochetel of HCR is released from its kidnappers tchetchenes by the Russian special forces.
- 1999 : Chartered by Total-Fina-Elf , the Maltese tanker Erika breaks into two to fifty kilometers of the coast of the Finistere; ten thousand tons of hydrocarbons will soil the coasts of the Vendée and Brittany.
- 2000 :
- 2001 : Adoption by the Heads of State and/or government of the countries of the Association of the States of Caribbean (AEC), joined together on the island of Margarita, with the Venezuela of the Declaration of Margarita , “recognizing the Caribbean Sea like common inheritance of the area, and a priceless credit”.
- 2002 : The North Korea announces the immediate reactivation of its nuclear installations.
- 2004 : Introduction of the first stage of Rail 2000 in Switzerland, great revolution for the CF.
- 2005 : Lebanon: Assassination in an car bomb attack of Gébrane Tuéni, 48 years, director of the liberal newspaper An Nahar , Lebanese journalist engaged and anti-Syrian of the first hour, Greek-orthodoxe deputy of Beirut, on the list of the Current of the Future, of Saad Hariri.
- 2006 : Egypt: manifestation of the opponents not-monk of Kifāya to the Cairo, to protest against the policy of the government and to make public their suspicion as for the will of the president Hosnī Mubārak to modify the Constitution in favor of the election of his/her Gamal son.
- 2004 : FC Oporto gains for the second time the intercontinental Coupe by beating the Colombian team of the Once Caldas with the shootings with the goals.
- 1541 : Jean Bauhin, Swiss botanist († October 26th 1612)
- 1745: John Jay, man, diplomat and American lawyer († May 17th 1829)
- 1773: Robert Surcouf, French corsair († July 8th 1827)
- 1791: Marie Louise, archduchess of Austria, second wife of Napoleon i and Impératrice of the French (1810 - 1815) († December 18th 1847).
- 1806 : Stand Watie, only Amerindian general officer of the American Civil War.
- 1821 : Gustave Flaubert, French writer († May 8th 1880)
- 1863: Edvard Munch, painter and Norwegian engraver († January 23rd 1944)
- 1875: Gerd von Rundstedt, German general of the Second world war († February 24th 1953)
- 1890: Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, philosopher Polish († April 12th 1963)
- 1893: Edward G. Robinson, American actor († January 26th 1973)
- 1903: Yasujiro Ozu, realizer Japan board († 1963)
- 1908: Manoel de Oliveira, Realizer Portuguese
- 1915: Frank Sinatra, American singer († May 14th 1998)
- 1934: Bernard Darty, business man French
- 1934: Miguel of Madrid Hurtado, president of the Mexico between 1982 and 1988.
- 1937 : Roberto Benzi, leader French
- 1938: Connie Francis, American singer
- 1945: Patrice Duhamel, journalist French
- 1951: Steven A. Hawley, American astronaut
- 1949: Marc Ravalomanana, president of Madagascar since May 6th, 2002
- 1967: Yuzo Koshiro, musician and type-setter Japan board
- 1970: Jennifer Connelly, American actress
- 1586 : Etienne Bathory, king de Pologne
- 1846: Charles-Alexandre Lesueur, Naturalist, Exploring Artist and French (° January 1st 1778).
- 1913 : Ménélik II emperor of Ethiopia.
- 1921 : Henrietta Swan Leavitt, astronomer American (° 1868).
- 1923 : Raymond Radiguet, writer French (° June 18th 1903).
- 1963 : Yasujiro Ozu, realizer Japan board (° 1903).
- 1964 : Boris Karlov, Bulgarian accordionist
- 1968: Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (° January 31st 1902)
- Jean Lesage, Canadian lawyer , Crown attorney of the province of Quebec, Prime Minister for Quebec (° 1912).
- Edouard Francomme, actor French.
- 1987 : Enrique Jorrin, violonist and cuban and creative leader of the Cha-cha.
- 1992 : Suzanne Lilar, Belgian writer of French language (° 1901)
- 1994: Stuart Roosa, American astronaut (° August 16th 1933)
- 2001: Jean Richard, actor and man of circus (° 1921).
- 2002 : Dee Brown, novelist and American historian (° February 29th 1908).
- 2002 : Brad Dexter American actor .
- 2003 : Keiko, orc-high-speed motorboat of the films Save Willy, Sauvez Willy 2, Sauvez Willy 3, the continuation.
- 2003 : Heydər Əliyev, former president Azerbaïdjan board.
- 2005 : Gébrane Tuéni, journalist and Lebanese politician, Greek-orthodoxe deputy of Beirut. (° September 15th 1957).
Catholic and orthodoxe saints of the day
- Spyridon de Trimythonte (+ towards 348), bishop in Cyprus.
- Corentin of Quimper (5th century), bishop.
- Finien de Clonard (+ 552), bishop in Ireland.
- Valéry de Leuconay (+ 622), bay abbot of Somme.
Catholic saints of the day
- Jeanne-Francoise Frémyot de Chantal
Catholic day celebrates
Beats-smg: Groudė 12 Be-X-old: 12 сьнежня Fiu-vro: 12. joulukuu päiv Nds-nl: 12 december Simple: December 12 Zh-yue: 12 月 12 號
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