This page relates to the year 1769 Gregorian Calendrier.
- May 14th: Charles III of Spain sends missionaries françiscains in California to found the missions San Diego, Santa Bárbara, San Francisco and Monterrey.
- April 20th: The chief of the outaouais, Pontiac, combined of the French, is assassinated.
- June 7th: Beginning of the forwarding of Daniel Boone in the current Kentucky.
- July 16th: Creation of the Mission San Diego de Alcalá by Gaspar de Portolà and the father Junípero Tightened (today San Diego). Beginning of Spanish colonization in California.
- November 2nd: The forwarding of gift Gaspar de Portolà arrives in the Baie of San Francisco.
- December 13rd: Foundation of Dartmouth College (New Hampshire).
- December 22nd: Daniel Boone is captured by the Shawnee S during a forwarding in the current Kentucky. It succeeds in escaping.
- September 19th, Massaoua: Beginning of the stay in Ethiopia of the British explorer James Bruce with the research of the sources of the the Nile (fine in 1772).
- October 18th: Beginning of the reign of Takla-Haïmanot II, Négus of Ethiopia (death in 1779).
- April 13rd: James Cook, lieutenant on board the Endeavor , unloads with Tahiti.
- James Cook undertakes on a 1768 its first great journey in the southern Pacific. It accompanies, by the Cape Horn, of the British astronomers who will observe with Tahiti, island just discovered, the Transit of Venus in front of the Sun the June 3rd 1769.
- October 6th: James Cook unloads in New Zealand where it takes the reading of 3 860 km of coasts. Although it did not have Chronomètre during this voyage and that it thus could not determine longitude in the absolute, it carries out coastal charts of New Zealand of such a precision that they will be used until the 19th century. It sails round the two islands and crosses the strait which separates them (today the Détroit of Cook), proving thus that they did not constitute the southernmost point of a wider continent.
- April: Peace enters the sultan of the Mysore Haidar Alî and the English Compagnie of the Eastern Indies. End of the first war of Mysore.
- Famine with the Bengal: 7 to 10 million victims.
- the Shintoïsme becomes the religion of State to the Japan.
- the Burma becomes a Chinese dependence.
- the Gurkha achêvent the conquest of the Nepal.
- April 15th, Great Britain: John Wilkes, elected again with the Communes, is expelled.
- the whig S found a Company of the partisans of the Déclaration of the rights to support the combat of John Wilkes.
- June 27th - July 19th: marriage of Marie-Amélie of Habsbourg-Lorraine and Ferdinand Ier of Parma.
- October 1st: Agreement between the Russia and the Prussia for the protection of the “dissidents” (Protestant and orthodoxe) in Poland.
- September 10th: catch of Khotin, in Moldavie. The Russian army settles in Valachie and Moldavie. The complication of the Polish businesses forces the Russians to reduce their interventions on other faces.
- September: The Russian fleet leaves Cronstadt to gain the Aegean Sea by Gibraltar. Alexeï Orlov raises the Greek populations (Révolution of Orloff).
- April 22nd: The countess of Barry becomes the official mistress of Louis XV, king de France. It is submitted to the Court, with the scandal of the choiseulists. She exerts on the king a strong influence.
8 - May 9th: Battle of Big shot Novu. The French forces demolish Pasquale Paoli. The Corsica becomes a French province.
- June 13rd: Pascal Paoli leaves the Corsica for the Great Britain.
- July 15th: Re-establishment of the Parliament of Brittany in its integrity after the business of the Duke of Pivot (1766)
August: Suspension then liquidation of the privilege of the Company of the Indies.
- December 22nd: Joseph Marie Terray (1715 - 1778) is named General inspector of finances (fine in 1774). It increases the lease of the stations, realizes savings by lowering the interest been used for the shareholders, reduced the pensions and sells to the officers revalorizations of pledges, increases the product of the rights of mortgage (creation of the registrars of mortgages), perpetuates or prolongs the various ones twentieth and tries to make their plate more equitable by creating schools for the training of the controllers of the Twentieth. It improves the profitability of Parisian capitation thanks to a census of the rents of the capital. It weighs down the weight of the tariffs of the farms (10%), whose income increases by 15% of 1768 with 1774.
- frontier Agreements with the Austrian Netherlands.
- May 19th: Beginning of the Pontificate of Clement XIV (fine in 1775).
- the pontifical documents are published in Toscane only after the agreement of the government.
Art & culture
- May 1st: First with Salzburg of the finta semplice , Opera-puffs out Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
First voyage of Mozart in Italy.
- Severe Septime making of the reproaches with Caracalla , fabric of Jean-Baptiste Greuze.
- the Letter , fabric of Fragonard.
Science & technology
- May: The British engineer James Watt deposits the patent of a separate Condenseur which improves the performances of the atmospheric machine of Newcomen (1711). A regulating system maintains the pressure constant. Watt will improve its machine to adapt it to industry (1769 - 1785).
- Cugnot builds its Fardier, first motor vehicle with vapor.
- the Hungarian Farkas Kempelen invents a Automate failure, the Turkish mechanics .
- Condorcet between with the Academy of Science.
- the British Céramiste Josiah Wedgwood invents the mechanical pottery.
- the British mechanic Richard Arkwright develops a machine semi-mechanics to spin cotton.
- France: The cast iron with the coke is tested with Hayange.
Economy & company
- Restriction of the right of Tuscan Mortmain in .
- Culture of potato in Hungary.
- Creation of the paper money in Russia.
Births in 1769
- March 23rd: William Smith British geologist
- April 10th: Jean Lannes (born with Lectoure (Gers), † May 31st, 1809 in Ebersdorf after the battle of Essling of May 22nd when it was wounded at the end of the engagements), marshal of Empire, prince de Sievers, Duc of Montebello.
- August 15th: Napoleon Bonaparte, First Consul then Emperor of the French.
- August 23rd: Georges Vat, paleontologist and naturalist French († 1832)
- October 6th: Isaac Brock, British general
- October 14th: Antoine-Marie Shamans Count de Lavalette, managing director of the Stations under the First Empire and close to Napoleon 1st († 1830)
Death in 1769
- April 20th, Pontiac, chief of the outaouais.
- August 26th: Jacopo Facciolati, 87 years, Lexicographer and Philologist Italy N. (° January 4th 1682).
- September 22nd: Antonio Genovesi, Neapolitan economist (1713 -1769).
Be-X-old: 1769 Map-bms: 1769 Simple: 1769 Zh-yue: 1769 年
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