Dag Hammarskjöld (Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld), born the July 29th 1905 with Jönköping in Sweden and deceased in an air crash the September 18th 1961, was a Swedish diplomat, General secretary of the United Nations of 1953 to 1961. He was also the son of Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, Swedish Prime Minister of 1914 to 1917.
Deceased in 1961, before the end of its mandate, Dag Hammarskjöld accepted the same year the Nobel Prize of peace on a purely posthumous basis. Its interventions in the Crisis of Suez Canal in 1956 and in the Crise of Jordan in 1958 were worth to him the reputation of burning defender of peace.
The death of Dag HammarskjöldThe DC-6 which transported Dag Hammarskjöld to Africa to meet the president katangais Moïse Tshombé was crushed on September 18th, 1961 close to Ndola, in current the Zambia. The assumption of a sabotage deliberated was immediately evoked but the official investigation of UNO did not make it possible to determine if the plane had or not been sabotaged. In 1998, the Commission of the truth and reconciliation of South Africa, chaired by Desmond Tutu, published documents of which it had not been able to check the authenticity but which seemed to suggest that Dag Hammarskjöld would have been victim of an attack.
StakesThe newspaper of Dag Hammarskjöld, published in 1963 pennies the title Vägmärken , started in 1925 whereas it was 20 years old, recalls the interior advance of a statesman deeply enthusiast of peace, with the catches with turbulences of its time.
Medal Dag HammarskjöldThe secretary of UNO Kofi Annan created the medal Dag Hammarskjöld which is decreed on a purely posthumous basis with the people of the forces of UNO died within the framework of an operation of the paix.
October 6th, 1998, at the time of the fiftieth anniversary of the beginning of the operations of maintenance of the peace of the United Nations, the first three medals were allotted to:
- Dag Hammarskjöld
- with the Commander Rene de Labarrière, French officer, first blue helmet died in maintenance mission of the peace of UNO in Palestine in 1948
- with the Count Folke Bernadotte, mediator of the United Nations in Palestine, assassinated in Jerusalem on September 17th, 1948.
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