Düsseldorf is a city of the west of the Germany. It is the capital of the Land of Rhineland-of-North-Westphalia. Located mainly on Right Bank of the the Rhine, it is in the middle of the vast agglomeration of the Rhine-Ruhr which goes from Cologne to Essen and which gathers, according to calculations, from 5 to 6 million inhabitants.
One finds sometimes the orthography Duesseldorf when the name is written in capital letters or when it is not possible to use the Umlaut (in German ue is equivalent to U ).
The city is located at the edge of the the Rhine at the confluence of Düssel, small river in the valley of which was discovered in 1856 in a cave the skeleton of what is called today the Homme of Néanderthal and which is close to Mettmann. Étymologiquement, " Düsseldorf" wants to say besides: " village of Düssel".
GeographyDüsseldorf is located along the the Rhine, in the middle of the Plaine of the Rhineland. The city is more precisely at the place where the Düssel is thrown in the river. It is this river which gave its name to the city. Düsseldorf is in majority built on Right Bank. Only the districts of Oberkassel, Niederkassel, Heerdt and Lörick are on the bank opposée. The city is in the south of the the Ruhr, the great industrial area of the North-West of the Germany, and is in full heart of the Mégalopole the Rhine-Ruhr, which, of Cologne to Essen, gathers according to calculations from 11 to 13 million inhabitants on approximately 10 000 km ².
The territory of Düsseldorf extends on a surface from 217 km ² including approximately 13 km ² for the part located at the west of the Rhine. The culminating point of the city is in the district Sandberg Hubbelrath with 165 meters at the top of the Sea level and the point low is with the Confluent of Schwarzbach and the the Rhine with 28 meters. Average altitude is of 38 meters.
HistorySet up downtown in 1288, Dusseldorf was a long time the capital of the duchy of Juliers-and-Berg, then passed under the domination of the counts Palatin S who by heritage became with 17th and 18th centuries Elector Palatines and Voters of Bavaria.
Bombarded by the French in 1795 who shaved the fortifications which were transformed into parks and avenues, the city became the capital of the Grand Duchy of Berg which had Murat and Jerome Bonaparte like sovereigns. It is restored with the Bavaria by the Traité of Lunéville in 1801, it passed with the duchy of Berg to the Prussia in 1815. It is the capital of the mode in Germany. What is Paris with the haute couture, Düsseldorf is with the ready-made clothes. From there its nickname “Small Paris”. The heart of the city is represented amongst other things by the Königsallee (Which occurred Royal). At the beginning this alley was called Kastanienallee (Which occurred of sweet chestnut). But during the Prussian occupation, the king of Prussia, walking fits with body some was targeted by citizens avec of the horse droppings. To alleviate it the representatives of the city thus decide to re-elect the avenue in Königsallee . It shelters today shops of the luxury of high international repute. But unfortunately that caused an enormous rise of the rent and an escape of tradesmen established for a long time.
Düsseldorf is the seat many companies of which Henkel (chemistry), E.ON AG (energy), Rheinmetall (metallurgy), Vodafone (telecommunication), LTU (air transport), ERGO (insurance), Metro (trade). The city does not count far from 5000 foreign companies including 450 American and 250 Frenchwomen. 170 banks including 50 foreign has their seat or a representation in this city. One also counts 130 insurances of which most important are Arag and Viktoria. The Tour Arag is the largest office building of Düsseldorf and culminates to 124,9 Mr. the tower of television (Rheinturm Düsseldorf) remains the highest building of Düsseldorf with 234,2 m height.
The exhibition site of Düsseldorf (Mass Düsseldorf) accommodates each year more than one about thirty national and international fairs on an total surface area of 252.200 square meters.
One of the largest European airports is with the doors of the city.
The city counts 7000 inhabitants of Japanese origin , which makes the Asian city of it more of Europe.
Kraftwerk is a group of électropop based in this city.
The Cities close to Cologne and Düsseldorf are known for their major competition.
PopulationWith a population of 580 250 inhabitants (June 30th, 2006), it is the ninth city of the country.
TransportLocated in the middle of an agglomeration cash from 5 to 6 million inhabitants, Düsseldorf is a city served very well by transport.
The International airport of Düsseldorf is located at 8 km in the north of the city. With 16 million passengers, it is the third German airport, after those of Munich and Frankfurt. Three quarter of the passengers of Rhineland-of-North-Westphalia pass by this airport which connects approximately 180 cities. The airport is connected directly to the central station of the city by a S-Bahn in approximately 12 minutes. Since 2002, a Monorail suspended, the Skytrain, connects the 3 terminals to the station Düsseldorf Flughafen where many ICE makes stop. The largest station of the east city however the central station that in the middle of the downtown area.
The important highway network makes it possible to circumvent the city. In the west, the highway A 57, which connects Cologne to Nimègue with the Netherlands, in the east, has 3, one of the longest highways of Germany, since it extends from the border Dutchwoman (Arnhem) at the Austrian border (Passau) on nearly 750 km. In north and the south, respectively has 44 direction Liege in Belgium and has 46 join has 57 in north and in the south of Neuss (Germany), the big city close to Düsseldorf and has 3.
Famous charactersIn Düsseldorf were born:
- Anne de Clèves (1515 - 1557), 4th woman of Henri VIII of England
- Jean-Guillaume de Neubourg-Wittelsbach (1658 - 1716), Prince-voter of the Palatinat
- Eléonore de Neubourg (1655-1720) sister of the precedent, marries of the emperor Léopold Ier
- Johann Georg Jacobi (1740 - 1814), poet
- Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi (1743 - 1819), philosopher
- Heinrich Heine (1797 - 1856), writer
- Norbert Burgmüller (1810-1836), type-setter
- Felix Klein (1849 - 1925), mathematician
- Gustaf Gründgens (1899 - 1963), actor
- Helmut Käutner (1908 - 1980), realizer
- Shines To groove (1910 -), actress
- Marie-Louise Fischer (1922 - 2005), écrivaine
- Jürgen Habermas (1929 -), philosopher
- Wim Wenders (-), realizer * Florian Schneider (1947 -), founder of Kraftwerk
- Klaus Allofs (1956 -), footballer
- Thomas Allofs (1959 -), footballer
- Campino (1962 -), Singer of the group Die Toten Hosen
- Doro Pesch (1964 -), Singer
- Heike Makatsch (1971 -), actress
The artist Joseph Beuys is deceased in Düsseldorf on January 23rd, 1986.
- Düsseldorf official Web site of the city
- Duesselgo Apparatus of research for the Düsseldorf area with a French sector
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