In the Greek Mythology, Cronos (in Greek old Κρόνος / Krónos ), wire of Ouranos (Sky) and Gaïa (Earth), is the king of the Titan S and the father of Zeus. It is often confused with its homophon Chronos (Greek Χρόνος / Khrónos ), paramount divinity of the Time in the orphic traditions.
It corresponds to Saturn at the Romains.
Whereas Ouranos prevented Gaïa from being confined of the Titan S, the Cyclops and the Hécatonchires by penetrating it without slackening, Cronos took a weapon and sliced the genitals of his/her father, who turned over in the Skies. Its genitals fell into the sea and floated on scum to the island of Cyprus where they créerent the Aphrodite goddess. Drops of the blood of Ouranos were born the Erinyes, the Géants and the Nymphes of the ashes. To be avenged, Ouranos threw a curse to him: when the son of Cronos reaches the adulthood, it will be also turned over him against his father.
The Titans left the belly of Gaïa then. But Cronos refused to leave in freedom these monstrous creatures thus given birth to by Gaïa and Ouranos: cyclops and Hécatonchires. It has even charged with chains his deformed brothers and in the depths of Tartar, the underground world precipitated them.
Cronos proclaimed king of this world of which it had restored balance formerly, a world wanted by Gaïa the ground. It bound with Rhéa, but it had not forgotten the curse of Ouranos: he ate each one of his children as they were born. Hestia, Déméter and Héra, his/her the first three daughters, then Hadès and Poséidon were thus swallowed by Cronos. But when the sixth arrived, Rhéa, on the council of its Gaïa mother, hid the child and replaced it by a stone that Cronos absorbs directly.
The child who was thus saved bore the name of Zeus. He grows far from his parents, and once become ripe, he met one of the three thousand girls of the Ocean, Métis, goddess of the trick. Zeus wanted to go to release his/her brothers and sisters, and Mongrel helped it. It prepared a beverage which it entrusted to Rhéa with an aim of making it drink in Cronos. When Cronos carried it to its lips, he vomits all that he had ingurgity until there. Zeus, Déméter, Hestia, Héra, Poséidon and Hadès took refuge on the summits of the Olympe.
Then the Titanomachie, war between the Titans and the Olympiens began. After several confrontations, the Olympian ones became aware that they were weaker than the Titans. They were combined with the Cyclops and Hécatonchires. The Cyclops their provided weapons: to Zeus, they gave the lightning, in Poséidon, a three-pronged fork able to shake the ground and in Hadès a helmet which had the capacity to return invisible that which carried it. Thanks to these weapons and with the muscular assistance of Hécatonchires (monsters with hundred arm and fifty heads), the Olympian ones gained the victory against the Titans.
Zeus reigned then as a king the Almighty, God among the gods. But Gaïa did not want that its sons, the Titans, are reduced to slavery. It is linked then with Tartar. From this union Typhon, a terrible monster emerged. Gaïa hoped to make bend Zeus, because it always révait of a world without sovereign, Titans and Olympian living in harmony.
With the sight of Typhoon, the Gods of Olympe fled. Seul Zeus accepted to face it. But Typhon gained the terrible battle. It removed the nerves and the tendons of Zeus, hid them and entrusted Zeus to the guard of another dragon.
But the Olympian ones were ashamed of their escape. Hermes seized the helmet of invisibility, went to seek the nerves and the tendons of Zeus, and readjusted them on God of the gods. Zeus sprang then and embanked this time Typhon and precipitated it in the Etna, under the guard of the Cyclops. Sometimes Typhon still spits of the flames of the bottom of its hole, and one can see them in the summit meeting of Etna.
Its attributes: False It, the sand glass.
(I, 1 & 4).
- (III, 17).
- (V, 65,1; V, 68,1).
- (v. 116,167 and suiv., 453).
- (XV, 187).
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