A crime is an infringement which is distinguished from the Délit and of the Contravention by its gravity, a such murder or a Assassinat. The author of a crime is judged in Court of Assizes. The Penal code French defines the crimes as the infringements punished of more than ten years of imprisonment: these sorrows are then described as imprisonment.
The crime in sociologyFrom a sociological point of view the crime is not defined intrinsically as an act. A crime it is not the act in itself, one does not become criminal because one makes an act designed like a crime by the law. Indeed l'" shown wrongly " return in the category of the criminals. The culprit nondiscovered is not a criminal.
The Sociologie of the crime puts the standards at the center of its analysis, but is not satisfied to be a Sociologie of the deviance because it takes account of the specificity of the penal standard and thus of the sorrow. The sociology of the crime is articulated around a theoretical triptych, it studies:
- the primary process of Criminalisation, i.e. the process of installation of a penal standard
- the secondary Criminalisation, i.e. in other words the Repression (for example, how the police machinery and legal does select its targets?)
- lastly the explanatory process of the passage to the punishable act.
- History of the police force, History of the offenses and the sorrows, History of the right
- Crime (France)
- Prison in France, Prison in the United States
- Offense, Infringment, Infringement
- financial Criminality, Organized crime, Corruption
- Urban violences
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