Courbevoie, seat of the nautical Company of the low Seine, accommodated the tests of Aviron, Natation and Water-polo of the Olympic Games of summer of 1900. The Crawl was swum there for the first time at the Olympic Games.
GeographyCourbevoie is a city located in western outskirts of the city of Paris, with two kilometers of the limits of the capital. It extends on left bank from the the Seine, of the district of Defense in the south, which occupies part of its territory, with Asnières-sur-Seine, north.
HistoryThe origin of the name of the town of Courbevoie comes from Latin curva via i.e. the “curved road” which corresponds to the curved road which crosses the city. This term is found besides in the currency of the city registered on the Armoiries of the city: Curva via lie recta (“curved road, right spirit”) of which Antonin the Piles, wire of the Roman Emperor Hadrian would be the author.
At the beginning, Curva via was a small hamlet of fishermen and vine growers. At the 8th century, the village depended on the abbey of Saint-Wandrille (close to Rouen) then passed under the control of the clergy of Saint-Denis to the 12th century. Thereafter, it will depend on the parish of Colombes until in 1787.
In 1606, whereas the king Henri IV and the queen Marie de Médicis returned from Saint-Germain-in-Bush hammer, they borrowed the vat making it possible to cross the Seine to regain Paris. Fits with body royal fell to water. Following this “shipwreck”, Henri IV charged Sully with building a bridge with the site of the current bridge of Neuilly. The bridge initially out of wooden was rebuilt out of stone with the XVIIIe century by Jean-Rodolphe Perronet, engineer of the king. In 1938, it was replaced by a metallic bridge completed in 1946.
It is by this bridge which passed the December 14th 1840 the procession bringing back ashes of Napoleon 1st since the island Sainte-Hélène until the Invalides. In addition, until 1914, a Tramway with vapor passed on the bridge. Until the middle of the 18th century, Courbevoie was a village of a few hundreds of inhabitants. At the end of the Years 1730, Courbevoie becomes a garrison town. The village sees its population then doubling. Working S, Craftsman S and many small companies settle there. In parallel, until the end of the 19th century, the culture of the Vigne S will remain an important activity of Courbevoie.
The city acquires its autonomy in 1790 and becomes a chief town of canton in 1829. Whereas Courbevoie counted less than 1.500 inhabitants at the end of the 18th century, the population will increase very quickly during the next century, reaching 25.000 inhabitants at the end of the 19th century because of the development of the craft industry, industry and the means of transport (in particular of the Railroad). During the 20th century, the first and the Second world war deeply will mark the city which will know extensive damage and many victims because of the bombardments.
After the war, with the installation of the district of Defense, the economic activity of Courbevoie knows a notable increase. In same time, an immense operation of town planning is committed to transform the city into modern districts with many residences, trade, public equipment, sporting and cultural infrastructures.
Little by little, Courbevoie passed from the statute of industrial town to that of city to tertiary vocation.
DistrictsThe town of Courbevoie is divided into five districts:
Administrative statusCourbevoie is divided into two cantons:
- the Canton of Courbevoie-North account 28 351 inhabitants;
- the Canton of Courbevoie-South account 41 343 inhabitants.
Mayors of Courbevoie
ElectionsFor the electoral deadlines of 2007, Courbevoie belongs to the 82 communes of more than 3500 inhabitants having used the machines to vote electronic.
- , to see
the SNCFThe common one has two Gare S established on its territory:
- the Station of Courbevoie
- the Station of Bécon-the-Heathers
Formerly, the Halte of Courbevoie Sport made it possible to serve the cynodrome.
- the Station of Defense, on the commune bordering on Puteaux, serves the north-western part of Courbevoie, in particular the district Faubourg of the Arch (cf hereafter).
- the Station of Asnières-sur-Seine, although on the common neighbor, serves the north-eastern part of Courbevoie, often called Bécon-Asnières.
the RATPTo judge some by its name, the subway station Bridge-with-Levallois-Bécon, located on the other side of the the Seine, on the commune of Levallois-Perret, has also the role to serve the district of Bécon of Courbevoie .
DefenseLastly, Courbevoie profits from an direct access to the important grid systems which serve the district of businesses of Defense:
- subway 1: Esplanade-of-the-defense, Large-Arch-of-the-Defense
- the RER a: Defense
- T2 tram: Defense
- the SNCF: Defense
- Actors, actors, directors,…
- Arletty (Léonie Bathiat), actress (May 15th 1898 - July 23rd 1992)
- Michel Blanc, actor, realizer, member of the Splendid (born the April 16th 1952)
- Louis de Funès, actor (July 31st 1914 - January 27th 1983)
- Jean-Pierre Darroussin, actor (born the December 4th 1953)
- Maurice Labro, realizer (September 21st 1910 - March 23rd 1987)
- Singers, dancers, musicians,…
- Michel Delpech, singer (born the January 26th 1946)
- Louis-Alexandre Mérante, dancer and choreographer (July 23rd 1828 - July 17th 1887)
- Jean-Claude Vannier, song writer and performer
- Writers, draftsmen, historians, photographer,…
- Celine (Louis-Ferdinand Destouches), writer (May 27th 1894 - July 1st 1961)
- Jacques Henri Lartigue, photographer (June 13rd 1894 - September 12th 1986)
- Georges Limbour, writer and poet (August 11th 1900 - May 22nd 1970)
- Andre Glory, abbot and archeologist (1906 - July 29th 1966)
- Voutch, draftsman (born the February 12th 1958)
- Marc Blondel, trade unionist (born the May 2nd 1938)
- Olivier Jardé, politician (born the March 28th 1953)
- Michel Rocard, politician (born the August 23rd 1930)
- Robert Seneshal, industrialist, pilot of automobile race and aviator French owner of a factory street White Louis.
- Philippe Candeloro, artistic skater (born the February 17th 1972)
- Stanick Sleeve-board, artistic skater (born the March 6th 1977)
- Guillaume Lacour, footballer (born the August 2nd 1980)
Culture and tourism
The town of Courbevoie is also famous locally for its fireworks on July 13rd.
Catalog of filmsCourbevoie was used as decorations with many films.
- 1970 : the Cat of Pierre Granier-Removes iron (street Louis Blanc, place Victor Hugo)
- 1975: Fear on the city of Henri Verneuil (district Charas)
- 1979: I… like Icare of Henri Verneuil (Gambetta viaduct, tunnel under the bridge of Neuilly, Turn FIAT and place of the Cupola)
- 1989: Gisele Kerosene of Jan Kounen
- 2003: Keep silent yourself! of Francis Veber (boulevard of Peace)
- 2007: Our Land friends the of Bernard Werber (district of Defense: turns Heart Defense, Total Areva and )
- 2007: 99 francs of Jan Kounen. (District of Defense: Heart Defense, Tower Égée)
- the site of the town hall
Notes, sources and references
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