See also: Davis
the cut Davis is an annual international competition in male Tennis by team. Called initially International Lawn Tennis Challenge ( international challenge of lawn tennis ), it will take its current name only in 1945 after the death of its creator. Its female equivalent is the Fed Cup.
In 1899, Dwight F. Davis (1879 - 1945), an American student of the University Harvard and one of the best tennis players of the moment, with the idea to create an international annual competition putting at the catches the the United States and the Great Britain and the first Davis cut is held with Boston, Massachusetts, on the courts in grass of Longwood Cricket Club, of the August 7th to the August 10th 1900. The following, the meeting is year not renewed, but in 1902 the tournament began again with a new cut, an immense salad bowl silver. The name of the gaining team is engraved each year on the base which supports the Salad bowl and the winner keeps it until the next final.
Between 1900 and 1910, only six teams take share with the test: the United States, the United Kingdom (under the name of British Isles ), Belgium, France, Austria-Hungary and the Australasia (team of Australia and New Zealand). Very quickly, however, the competition opens “with all the civilized nations of the East in Occident”, to take again here a slogan of the Coupe Davis at the beginning of the Années 1920. 34 nations are thus in competition in 1927. The Coupe Davis is then the only competition with truly world vocation of the sporting calendar. Today, more than 140 nations dispute the salad bowl of money .
From 1927 to 1932, the French team, made up of Rene Lacoste, Henri Cockerel, Jean Borotra and Jacques Nectarine, dominates the competition with 6 consecutive victories. After the famous team of the “ Musketeers ”, this forever renewed exploit.
Format of the competitionSince its creation, the formula is unchanged. As had founded it Dwight Davis, the meetings proceed over three days during which four simple is intersected with a double. Since 1981, the elite was joined together in a world Group, the equivalent of the first division gathering sixteen countries. To ensure a renewal of this group, there exists a system of stoppings from one division to another with rise and descent with the key. The 4th current division disputes it according to the formula of the Round-Robin (hen matches).
Until 1972, the nation holder of famous money Saladier did not have, the following year, that to defend its title against the nation which had beaten all the others, during an ultimate meeting called “Challenge Round”. Since this date, the world group is a traditional table disputed by direct elimination on four lathes. Each team in Coupe Davis is made up of four players who can play the simple ones and the double. Since the introduction of “heads of series” in 1990, the drawing lot is not integral any more.
The matches (five on the whole) dispute over three days:
- the 1st day: numbers 1 of each team meet numbers 2 (2 simple),
- the 2nd day: the double, which can be disputed by players having already played into simple or by players especially selected for the double,
- the 3rd day: numbers 1 of each team meet in 1st match and numbers 2 as a second.
As long as none of the two teams reached the three decisive points, the matches are held in 3 gaining sleeves.
When two nations have to meet, the matches are disputed at that which moved at the time of their last opposition. Surface on which the matches will be played is chosen by the country host.
Prize list per year
Prize list by country
Classification of the nationsIn 2001, the International federation of tennis created a classification of the nations based on the results obtained in Coupe Davis at the time of the four last years.
This classification is in particular used to determine the nations heads of series on all the levels of the competition
Method of calculatingThe classification takes account of the four last years results, it is updated after each meeting. The points are allotted in the following way:
Points gained according to the turn reached:
a no-claims bonus is added if the beaten adversary has a better classification:
an additional no-claims bonus of 25% is granted for the victories outside.
Current classificationClassification of September 24th, 2007 Complete classification
Many committed nationsWhereas the Coupe Davis constitutes only one Challenge between the the United States and the Great Britain at the time of these the first three editions, six nations are added until in 1913.
The number of participating countries increases regularly in spite of the two wars, but the progression intensifies during the Eighties to reach the course of the 100 participants in 1993.
Since 2000, approximately 130 countries take share with the competition each year.
Assessment by nation in the world group
- Statistical of the meetings of the world group between 1981 and 2006
- In fat, the nations present in the world group in 2007
- the statistics of the Russia include those of the Soviet Union and the statistics of the Czech Republic those of the Czechoslovakia
Since the abandonment of the system of the " Challenge round" (1972):
- List of the cuts
- Fed Cup
- ''' Official site of the Coupe Davis '''
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