Cormeilles - in Parisis is a common French, located in the department of the Val-d'Oise and the area Île-de-France.
Its inhabitants is called Cormeillais (be).
Cormeilles is Chef-lieu Canton of Cormeilles-in-Parisis and depends on the Arrondissement of Argenteuil.
- wooded Spaces and green areas: 112 ha
- At 19 minutes in the train of the station Paris Saint-Lazare
- Common bordering: Argenteuil, the Hoop-on-Seine, Franconville, Herblay, Montigny-the-Cormeilles, Sannois, Sartrouville.
- Twin town with Ware (Great Britain)
- the Community of communes of Parisis
- Intercommunity association of the hillocks of Parisis
- Intercommunity association Azure
- Intercommunity association of the area of Cormeilles-in-Parisis (Siarc)
Cormeilles is, in spite of its proximity of with Paris, a rather green commune, located on the ridges just like of Cormeilles Montigny-the-Cormeilles, Herblay, Franconville, Sannois and Argenteuil.
The name “Cormeilles” draws probably its root of the tree named Cormier.
Le name “Parisis” comes, him, of the Gallic tribe of the Parisii.
Prehistory and AntiquityThe first traces of dwelling go back to 4000 av JC. Vestiges of Roman villa were discovered with Cormeilles-in-Parisis (3rd century), as well as plaster coffins (8th century).
The Middle AgesThe town of Cormeilles is mentioned for the first time in 697, in a charter of the king Mérovingien Childebert IV which offers to the nuns of the monastery of Argenteuil the royal forest of Cornioletus on the Seine river, with the country Parisis .
In the year 832, the name of Cormeilles appears in a charter of the Abbey of Saint-Denis. Until the Revolution (1789) Cormeilles will be a chief town of châtellenie with for lord the abbey of Saint-Denis. Certain historians of architecture consider that the church of Cormeilles, or rather its crypt, built by Suger at the 12th century, is a laboratory of the Gothic architecture, former to the construction of the basilica of Saint-Denis.
Cormeilles is at the time an agricultural village where wine is produced (the weapons of the city are the vine and the corn). It is known that the medieval vineyard cormeillais was of honourable quality since it is that which the kings sent like present.
End of the XVIIIe centuryDuring the general states, the wine growers of the city claim that their production is not taxed any more at its entry in Paris… have regard to its mediocrity. At that time, the vineyard of Cormeilles the Hoop covers 538 ha.
In 1791, Daguerre (child) leaves Cormeilles for Orleans where his/her father found a new employment. still adolescent Cauchoix also leaves it.
To face the food shortages which prevail with Paris, the vineyard for good portion is replaced by cereal cultures or market-gardening.
XIXe centuryThe seam of Gypsum of the hillock of Cormeilles as well as the means of transforming the gypsum into Plâtre were known since the Gallo-Roman time, as small open careers served to extract the mineral of which exploitation ceased forever. With the beginning of the year 1830, Pierre-Etienne Lambert creates in Cormeilles a career whose production will be really industrialized only as from 1882 by its grandson Jules-Hilaire Lambert. The “plaster of Paris” acquires a great fame and in 1908 " Lambert Brothers and Company” become an industrial society of foreground with which the name will remain a long time associated with Cormeilles.
During the war of 1870, the wine is temporarily interdict in Paris by the Germans, victorious, with the profit of beer. Each Sunday, the Parisian ones are ruent on the suburbs, in particular in the west: Chatou, Argenteuil… And Cormeilles which, of the blow, will produce more wine than ever. Quality is so low (the wine is mixed with figs and others dyes!) that in a news of Maupassant one can read: “It is appeared itself with a man who would taste back-to-back, the samples of all the wines and would not distinguish soon any more the Margaux Castle of Argenteuil” (the wine “of Argenteuil” being as much that of Cormeilles).
The French rail network is built, allowing transport of wines come from the south: the wine of Ile de France loses little by little its importance (whereas it was by far the first vineyard of the territory) and does not survive on arrival, at that time, of the Phylloxéra. It is the end of the history of the wine on the hillock of Cormeilles.
Between 1874 and 1877 is built the extremely of Cormeilles, one of the largest military forts of Paris. It will be used as decoration with several films.
The railroad reaches Cormeilles in 1892, implying a relative shift of the center of the city and the construction of middle-class villas, “madnesses” as one said then.
XXe centuryManufacturing plaster but also bricks, lime, cement, etc the Lambert career was one of largest the career S with open sky of Europe, with a coal face of 100 m height and 1 kilometer length. During Years 1930 and then, an important exogenic labor is imported: Breton, Chinese, Polish, Serb, Czech, Portuguese, Maghrebian. This early and various immigration forms still today part of the personality of the city. At the beginning of the Years 1980, the exploitation of the career has to cease and the site misses, of accuracy, becoming a discharge of industrial products and dangerous. A courageous mobilization of the citizens, inhabitants and associations will allow the public authorities (town councilors and ministries) to become aware of the danger and will fortunately make hood this project. Since 1987, the career increased towards north, and the western part of 100 hectares east little by little is embanked and retimbered. The unit is intended to become a natural green area of 130 ha in the middle of the Paris region, definitively arranged by 2030.
Still more than elsewhere the prices of the real estate in Cormeilles fly away, making lose its popular quarters at the city little by little (in particular the district of the workmen of the career, demolished in 1994 and replaced by private housing estates) and, paradoxically, part of its seal.
FutureThe State, owner of the grounds, force the town of build in its zone Southern, known as Rochefort Wood. The municipality negotiated to preserve the primarily suburban character of Cormeilles and to obtain a green casting which will separate a zone dedicated to the industrial activity and artisanal. Municipal equipment and collective infrastructures are envisaged of which a school, a crib, a mini-market….The urbanization envisages 1350 residences out of 60 ha, that is to say 100 residences per annum (instead of 300/an since more than 25 years). Projects are also launched to renovate and instigate the top of the city (district of the church) deserted by the commercial life in spite of a thickening from the habitat: spaces are bought by the city to create parking bays. The framework of the POIH makes it possible to the owners to be constant in their renovation projects. A building is in the course of rehabilitation by the city to allow the installation of a museum. A project of art gallery articulated with a room intended for the study of the visual arts is in the process of realization. Cormeilles, in spite of its 20.000 inhabitants (in the long term 25.000), preserves the charm of small a city-village at the doors of Paris. The new SDRIF - Information system strategic plan of Ile-de-France - of February 2007 aims 40ha remained in agricultural zone today.
AdministrationThe common one belongs to the jurisdiction of authority of Sannois, and great authority as well as trade of Pontoise.
- Composition of the municipal council: 33 elected officials according to the following distribution, 1 mayor, 9 associated with the mayor, 23 city council men.
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SafetyThe rate of criminality of the district of police force of Argenteuil (including Sannois and Cormeilles-in-Parisis) is of 80,43 acts for 1000 inhabitants (crimes and offenses, figures 2005) what locates it under average the main road (83/1000) and secondary road (88,15/1000). The rate of resolution of the businesses by the police services is on the other hand only of 26,07%, rather clearly under the average of the department of 28,83%.
- museums of the Plaster and Old man-Cormeilles
- Theater of Cormier (inauguration: January 2006)
- Sports equipment: The Belfry, Room Rene Berthieu, Versatile room, Room of boxing, room of bicycle touring, room of fencing, room of Savoy, Lorraine Alsace Gymnasium, Public swimming pool, skate park, Gymnasium village hall, Cosec, Stage Gaston Frémont, Sports complex Léo Tavarez.
- cultural Equipment: Theater of Cormier (300 seats, retractable steps)
- Guard of children: two cribs, two halt-nursery
- Nursery schools (6): Alsace-Lorraine, Thibault Chabrand, Valley-D' Gold, Guillaume Fields, Jules Ferry, Walnut tree of the Image
- Elementary schools (6): Alsace-Lorraine, Maurice Berteaux 1, Maurice Berteaux 2, Guillaume Fields, Jules Ferry, Walnut tree of the Image
- Colleges (2): Jacques Daguerre, Louis Hayet
- College (1): LEP Corbusier
- Private establishment: School Saint-Charles (Nursery school, primary education, college)
- Station served by the trains of the network Transilien Paris Saint-Lazare.
Natives or famous residents of Cormeilles
- Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre (1787 - 1851), Co-inventor with Nicéphore Niépce of the Photography.
- Robert-Aglaé Cauchoix (1776 - 1845), optician.
Personalities of the world of art and the literature
- Louis Hayet (1864 - 1940), neo-impressionist painter , deceased in Cormeilles. The new college of the city, built in 2003, bears its name besides.
- Jürg Kreienbühl (1932 -2007), painter
- Marina Scriabine, musicologist, musician and girl of Alexandre Scriabine.
- György Cziffra, pianist, lived there
- Louis Gonse, (1846 - 1921), editor association of the Gazette of the Art schools.
- the abbot Claude-Louis Fourmont, (1703 - 1780), orientalist.
- Henri Cazalis, doctor and poet parnassien under the name of Jean Lahor.
- Irina Tarassov, writer and woman of Jacques Villeret, was born there.
- Léo Tavarez (1938 - 1991), champion of Boxing.
- Boris Diaw, player of Basketball of NBA.
- Kevin Denis, champion of France 2006 of motor bike 125m ² Promosport
- Stephan Diagana (1968 -), world champion of the 400 m hedges, lived in Cormeilles where it began the Athlétisme.
- Jean Calvé, Footballer
- Philippe Kieffer (1899 - 1962), companion of the release
- Robert Hue (1946), French politician
- Jean-François Abgrall (1959), gendarme having allowed the arrest of Francis Heaulme
- Bernard Tapie resided a few years at Cormeilles.
- Lucienne Malovry (1931), French political woman, Senator-Mayor.
- François-Adrien Boïeldieu (1775 - 1834), type-setter, who would have written to the white lady in Cormeilles.
- Ignace de Loyola (1491 - 1556) which knew a extatic fright in Cormeilles.
- Guy Shoe (1601 - 1672), celebrates doctor
- Pierre Samuel Dupont de Nemours (1739 - 1817) hid in Cormeilles during the terror
- Stephan Diagana, Olympic champion of the 400m hedges, made part of its career (1979 to 1986) in Cormeilles.
- Nicolas Sarkozy, current president of the republic, held its meeting of March 6th, 2007 in Cormeilles.
- Living room of the Art schools (holidays of spring)
- Secondhand trade of Spring (last Sunday of March)
- Its and light the mountain with the seven sources (mid-September)
- Secondhand trade of Fall the mountain with the seven sources (first Sunday of October)
- Living room of the Postcard (at the end of October)
- Living room of Art and Craft industry (at the beginning of November)
- Stock Exchange Photo-Movies (3rd Sunday of November).
- www.ville-cormeilles95.fr: official site of the city of Cormeilles-in-Parisis
Notes, sources and references
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