See also: Copenhagen (homonymy)
Its Danish name, København , deformation of Købmandshavn, the port of the tradesmen , recall his strategic position to the entry of the the Baltic. The French name is him derived from German Kopenhagen .
Copenhagen is the city of the national parliament, the government and the Danish monarchy, whose seats are established in the middle of the city. The strong first was built in the city in 1167.
The town of Copenhagen or more officially, the commune of Copenhagen (Københavns Kommune) strictly speaking account 503.699 inhabitants (jan 2007) (see also the articles on the town of Copenhagen and large Copenhagen). Nevertheless, the name of Copenhagen is generally given to the whole of the county of Copenhagen, which gathers 1.636.749 inhabitants (jan 2007).
GeographyThe town of Copenhagen is located on the Eastern coast of the island of Sjælland but also on the smaller island of Amager, vis-a-vis the strait of Øresund, which connects the the North Sea to the the Baltic. The Swedish cities of Malmö and Landskrona are on the opposite coast.
Before January 1st 2007, the commune of Copenhagen was with it alone one of the Amter of Denmark (department). The metropolis of Copenhagen, or Large-Copenhagen ( Storkøbenhavn ), was made up of two amter, Copenhagen and Copenhagen amt, which gathered several communes in particular Frederiksberg and Gentofte.
After January 1st 2007, the administrative system of Denmark is modified (see the Régions of Denmark). The commune of Copenhagen becomes one of 29 communes of the area of Hovedstaden. The Large-Copenhagen metropolis, inclusive Copenhagen amt, as well as other departments like Frederiksberg and Frederiksborg amt, also forms part of the area Hovedstaden.
The area of Øresund as for it includes/understands the area of Copenhagen, of most of Zealand ( Sjælland ) and of the Western part of the Scanie in Sweden. After January 1st 2007, the metropolitan region of Copenhagen includes/understands 33 communes, 6,3% (2.673 km ²) of terrestrial surface Denmark.
PopulationThe Danish population of the metropolitan region of Copenhagen ( Copenhaguois ) is of: 1825814 (density: 683/km ²) (2007) inhabitants, of which a third lives the commune of Frederiksberg and another third old the Amt of Copenhagen and the other communities of the area. The area Øresund, including/understanding is of Sjælland and the west of the Scanie (in Sweden), has a total population of: 2800000 people.
TransportThe city makes a large effort to support the use of the Bicyclette. For that, many cycle tracks exists in almost all the city, and of the public bicycles are available free from May to October.
There exists also a network of subway, but its recent construction explains its weak extent.
SciencesThe school of Copenhagen indicates one of the current philosophical on the interpretation of the quantum Mécanique.
One can find in the surroundings of Copenhagen the technical Université of Denmark.
Attractions of the city
- Palais Amalienborg
- Copenhagen Zoo
- Musée of Danish Beautiful arts
- Parc of the deer
- Église Saint Alban
- Château of Frederiksborg to Hillerød
- Fontaine Gefion
- Kongens Cuts
- Château Kronborg
- the Small Siren
- Musée of modern art Louisiana
- Danish National museum
- Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
- Palais Rosenborg
- Gardens of Tivoli
- Planetarium Tycho Brahé
- VOR Freiser Kirke
- Classical music
Known characters associated with Copenhagen
Tycho Brahe (1546-1601), astronomer
- Ludvig Holberg (1684-1754), historian and playwright
- Nicolai Grundtvig (1783-1872), philosopher, writer and poet
- Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875), writer
- Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), philosopher
- Niels Wilhelm Gade (1817-1890), type-setter
- Carl Nielsen (1865-1931), type-setter
- Niels Bohr (1885-1962), physicist
- Bodil Ipsen (1889-1964), director
- Arne Jacobsen (1902-1971), architect
- Verner Panton (1926-1998), designer
- Jan Gehl (1936 -), town planner and architect
- Mads Mikkelsen (1965 -), actor
SportThe city counts many clubs of Football. The principal club is the FC Copenhagen which evolves/moves in the first division Danish. Copenhagen will accommodate the 121e Olympic session for the Olympic Games of summer of 2016.
- Copenhagen for partiers
- Tourist office
Be-X-old: Капэнгаген Simple: Copenhagen
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