This article relates to the practice of the confession in the Christian Faith. For the other directions of the word confession, to consult Confession (homonymy)
In the Churches Anglican, catholic and orthodoxe
In this direction, the confession is a Sacrement for the Churches Anglican E, Catholique, orthodoxe, Swedish and old Eastern. It is individual and private. To his exit, the priest grants or not the discharge, i.e. the forgiveness and the handing-over of the Péché S of the Fidèle. This capacity is conferred to him under the terms of the apostolic Succession. The priest is held with the secrecy for all that was revealed to him during the confession.
He has direction only accompanied by repentance.
More precisely, the confession of the sins is one of the three stages of the Sacrement of penitence and reconciliation:
The “auricular” confession, i.e. made with the ear of a clerk, does not exist in the Protestantisme, the Reformers not finding there a base biblical.
But in its Small Catechism , Luther made confession as a such subject of the “sixth fundamental point”:
- “ the confession includes/understands two things: initially, one must acknowledge his sins; then one must of the mouth of the confessor receive the Absolution or remission of the sins as if it came from God himself, and to believe without any doubt that thus the sins are really forgiven in front of God. ” This catechism is always in force in all the Églises Lutherans.
In the majority of the Protestant movements, the confession is regarded as belonging to the normal relation that each one maintains with God. More than the simple fact of saying it (though, psychologically and spiritually, cf Psalm 51, that makes it possible to be released), the confession in front of God is the recognition of its own faults (which express a rupture with God) and the acceptance of its forgiveness. It is important to be intended to say this sorry by a brother or a sister: it is one of the roles of the Pasteur, in deprived or pulpit.
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