Concentration camp of Jasenovac
The camp of Jasenovac consisted of five sites of detention created between August 1941 and February 1942 by the authorities of the State independent of Croatia, with the confluence of the rivers Una and Sava. It was largest in Croatia and the third camp of dead the more " productif" after those of Auschwitz and Treblinka.
In this camp were off-set Juifs and Tziganes as well as the resistant ones to the Nazis and the oustachis (of the Serbes in particular). The camp n° 1 is created for the Jews and the Gypsies. The camp n° 2 is created then, to accommodate the other deportees. In November 1941, these camps are flooded by Sava. Three other camps are then created.
Jasenovac did not have gas chambers; the prisoners were killed there by exhaustion with work, in that causes hunger one, with firearms and knives; the diseases which prevailed there also killed out of many prisoners. Part of the victims was buried whereas another was burned in crematoriums, arranged in an old brickyard. Some of them were still alive when the guards threw there, according to Edmond Paris.
The camp was directed by the general oustachi Vjekoslav Luburić. The guard Petar Brzica was illustrated there while cutting, in one night, the throat of 1360 Serb and Jewish with a butcher's knife what was worth the title of " to him; King of the cut-gorges".
VictimsArticle principal: Oustachis#Victimes
The memorial of Jasenovac holds a list of 69.842 names of victims of which: 39.580 Serb , 14.599 Tziganes, 10.700 Jewish, and 3.462 Croatian and other nationalities. The museum of the Holocaust of Belgrade holds to him a list of 80.022 names of victims (mainly of Jasenovac) including approximately 52.000 Serb, 16.000 Jews, 12.000 Croats and 10.000 Gypsies.
According to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum:
Because of the differences in point of view and lack of sources, the estimates of the number of Serb victims in Croatia largely vary, of 25.000 to more than one million. The estimates of Serb killed in Jasenovac vary from 25.000 to 700.000. The most reliable sources estimate that the number of Serb killed by Oustachis varies between 330.000 and 390.000, including 45.000 to 52.000 Serb assassinated in Jasenovac ;
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