The computerese is a pseudo-language specific to the representatives of the professions revolving around the Informatique. Discussing primarily by short messages, these people use in excess of the abbreviations, often of anglophone origin.
It is it should be noted that there exist other more or less “coloured” jargons data-processing, like the Langage SMS or slang Internet (see these pages for the “lol”, and others “amha”).
- 0C4 : in environment large system IBM/MVS error of the program very current due to the addressing of a data field outside the storage area assigned with the program.
- 0C7 : in environment large system IBM/MVS error of the program due to the displacement of a nonnumerical data in a zone defined as numerical. Called poetically by “Zero it is owl! ”
- 2-third : to see customer-server. Note:: the third in question are the English word to indicate layers of functions, and not a whole divided by three. One can thus have architectures 2,3,4-third…
- 3-third : technical type of architecture of an computer application in which the handling of the data, the treatments and the management of the user interface are treated separately. Evolution of architecture 2-third.
AE : Analyst of exploitation. Transcribed to the output norms the data processing sequences written by a.
- AFK : English abbreviation of away from keyboard which means far from the keyboard . See also: brb .
- CASE : Computer aided software engineering. Software allowing to conceive and develop programs. The equivalent of the SDK of the Saxon anglo.
- AMOA : Assistance to Control of Work (realization of the expression of needs for a project on behalf of the end user). Sometimes shortened out of MO.
- AMOE : Assistance to Maîtrise of Work (assistance to the realization of project).
- YEAR : Analyst. Transform the needs into specifications for a.
- AP : Systems analyst. The first hierarchical level in the data processing specialists. Generally young person, micromaniaque and very creative.
- API : Application Programming Interfaces. Interface arranged in a program to allow other programs to communicate with him.
- ASAP : Ace Possible Soon Ace. Work (development, receipt, put in production…) to realize as quickly as possible. Squeaking alternative: " To make Only After Pause".
- Babasse : generic name for a computer (see also ordi or bike ). Its user is called a babassor , one often says insane babassor when there is excess.
- BBS : English abbreviation of Bulletin Board System , ancestors of the forums now accessible by Internet.
- Bike : Computer (central generally). See babasse or ordi .
- Beta Test : Method which consists in testing an application or a program near voluntary users to be used as guinea-pigs. Microsoft extended that also in the form of version " beta marketing" so that the voluntary users test the functionalities of a product and help to define the limits and the extent of it. Note:: the malicious gossip says that the software publishers pushed this mechanism to the extreme and do not hesitate to put in production or to even put on sale a version not completely tested of a software. The users are then invited to announce the bugs met!
- Binary : Directly achievable program by the machine (generally the object code). Not to confuse with the Binary system.
- Bit : acronym of B inary un' it' , the basic unit in data processing. Have two états : 0 or 1 . Not to confuse with the Byte which represents a whole of adjacent bits (often 8).
- Block : Subset of the system of data processing in a step of urbanization.
- BMP (Batch Message program Processing): procedure of a program Batch allowing an operation in mode TP, with management of recovery.
- Bob/Alice : systematic names given to two characters wishing to communicate by a protected line.
- BOFH Abbreviation of Bastard Operator From Hell, character (invented by Simon Travaglia) playing of the hanging blows to the users of the data processing of his company.
- BRB Abbreviation of Be Right Back (To return in a few moments)
- Brouteur : Pun with the term Router , machine which conveys the packages networks. Frequently used when this one saturates.
- BSOD : Blue Screen Of Death, screen posted by the operating system Microsoft Windows when it cannot recover any more of a system error or that it is at a critical point of fatal error.
- Bug ( Bug ): Programming error (not to be confused with the errors of design, seizure, handling, exploitation…)
- Canceler : To stop a treatment, an impression. Francization of a Anglo-Saxon term (chancel). Is equivalent to Annuler , Interrompre .
- Customer-server : technical type of architecture of an computer application in which the data processing and management are distributed between the waiter and the customer (generally the station of the user) according to variable proportions (one speaks about customer light waiter when the main part of the treatment and the data are on the waiter, of heavy customer in the opposite case. Synonym: structure 2-third
- CLCLMPALC : Committee of fight against the messages persos with the idiot: message used mainly by in love ones with the French language, the orthography, syntax, and the beautiful sentences, as a dispute with the emergence of a new style of writing, finding itself in the personal messages in certain instant message software, or in the forums.
- Consultant Mister-I-know-all of data processing. There exist varied alternatives: consultant software package, technical consultant, functional consultant, consultant network…. Nobody who rents his competences with companies or private individuals with an aim of solving problems that the company or the private individuals cannot solve.
- Made (one): To send a party of the code which one modified on a waiter thanks to software of division of version (CVS, SVN).
- Compiles (one): Result of the transformation of a program written into compilable language.
- arithmetic Coprocessor : microprocessor additional (and optional) intended to relieve the principal microprocessor of floating-point calculations. The firm Intel integrated this calculating unit into the principal microprocessor starting from its model 486DX.
- CP : Project manager. Nowadays one finds Maîtrise project managers of Work (what gives CP MOE) and also CP Control of work (CP MOA)
- Coder : to write the code, synonymous to program, write a program.
- CRM ( Customer Relationship Management ): tools allowing to manage the relation with the customers with an aim of improving quality of service and especially of increasing the sales turnover realized with each customer. Ironically, CRM means How To bring back the Currency .
- dB : DataBase, Database (france BdD). Structured organization of information for data processing.
- dBa : DataBase Administrator. Nobody in charge of the maintenance of a database.
- DBS : Definition of the needs. Described the user expectations. Reference document for the continuation of the project.
- DOI : Direction of the Organization and Data processing. Fallen in disuse since the appearance of initials DSI.
- DI : Data-processing/Directing direction Data processing. Generally not data processing specialist.
- DP : Director of Project. Person in charge of a very important project. Frame a team which generally comprises several project managers.
- DSI : Director of the Information systems. Titrate more whirring that DI, but generally equivalent. Initials which today replaced the DOI last of mode.
- DUMP : Contained memory of a large system published on paper or consulted on screen to identify the cause of the planting of a treatment.
- DLL : DownLoad. To download
- EO : Opportunity study. Document produced before the launching of a project of a certain size allowing to evaluate the awaited advantages of its realization.
- ERP : Company Resource Planning. Software package managing the whole of the activities of a company like " the company étendue" (relations with the customers, the supplier, the subcontractors, the subsidiary companies…). The most used are SAP/R3, Oracle Applications, PeopleSoft-Oracle/One World (ex JD Edwards), Movex, Axapta (now Microsoft Dynamics AX), SAP Business One.
- EDB : Expression Of the Needs. The EBD is a document initiated by MOA translating in the form of needs the functionalities for the product which is the subject of the project. Once finished and diffused, it gives place to an answer of MOE in the form of list of requirements.
- Founder : Microprocessor manufacturer (e.g.: AMD, Intel, etc).
- Foo/bar : generic name given commonly to two objects which go together. When one sees appearing a foo in an example, one knows that it is necessary to seek the bar a little further. Would come from military jargon FUBAR ( Fucked Up Beyond All Recognition ). Often translated by thing/trick. One can use foo all alone, in particular like identifier in a program, as one would use thing all alone.
- FAQ : English term meaning Frequently Asked Questions. It is a documentation in the form of questions/answers of problems or questions which each user could pose, and which the developers try to answer to avoid answering of many times e-mail putting the same question. In French, if FAQ became the acronym of Fair To the Questions, it keeps the same significance as in English.
- GA (always in capital letters): Go ahead , or “go ahead, I am now ready” in international code Télex.
- Freezing (or Freeze): state of a PC whose abruptly screen solidifies, and neither the mouse nor the keyboard answers.
- Geek : It is about an impassioned person, even obsessed, by a precise field. By abuse language, it is about one impassioned of data processing.
- GO TO : instruction destructurant the program and generally causing reprobation on behalf of the purists. The GOTO should be employed only in a downward way and inside the same paragraph (in general on the instruction of end)
- Hacker : Individual having of very pointed knowledge on the computer material, the operating systems or the networks, and able to exploit them in an original way, often by diverting the standard use of the material or the code used (the hack). Sometimes used wrongly as synonym of " pirate informatique".
Hardware : name given to indicate the computer material (mother chart, graphics card, screen…).
ITo impact - to have an effect on
- Jit : Abbreviation of just in time which means in time just. Says compilers compiling the instructions right before their execution, or of the debuggers which detect the errors right before they are carried out.
- KB : Measuring unit of size of computing memory and by extension, of size of files, corresponding officially to 1000 Bytes. In practice, one uses KB quasi-systématiquement to indicate 1024 bytes, therefore 1 Kio .
- Kio : Measuring unit of size of computing memory and by extension, of size of files, corresponding to 1024 Bytes.
- KS : Abbreviation of English ( kill stealer ) used mainly in RPG being used to designate somebody who " vole" the monsters which one is spirit to kill.
LART : L to use has ttitude R eadjustment T ool. Used by the sysadmin to look after the luser .
- LCPM : " Lily This Whore of Manuel" Translation of RTFM, still not very used by the French data processing specialists who prefer his English form to him. (cf RTFM, Man)
- Listing : Exit on a printer with continuous paper. Term made obsolete by the disappearance of this type of printer.
- Luser : Contraction and word game (English) " Loser/User". Nobody who does not know anything with data processing but wants to recognize it. Wrongly use the data-processing terms and through. Applies all kinds of procedures to the exceptions of those appearing in the handbooks and recommended by the data processing specialists. When it carries out a bad handling, the luser generally tries to correct its error but only manages to worsen the situation, then blames the engineering service.
- Malware : malicious software. Generic term indicating a program conceived to operate without the knowledge of the user and of which the effects can be very varied: corruption or destruction of data, espionage of the practices of the user, intrusions, etc
- Man : Handbook delivered in the form of accessible pages since a terminal detailing the role and the use of the UNIX/Linux orders. Many current programs include/understand pages of man (see RTFM, LCPM)
- Mapper : Of English “to map”, to chart; to establish a bond between a distant or local resource and a name of local resource; also to establish a bond between a field file and a zone screen in software of the kind Mapper . More generally to make correspond one or more values to another (the associative tables also called Dictionnaire S are a typical example).
- merger Of English “to merge”, to amalgamate; to amalgamate the contents of two or several files in only one.
- MO : abbreviation of massively multiplayer online range (online game massively multijouor). Indicate a type of video game in which, via Internet, of very many players find themselves, then collaborate or clash.
- MOA : Control of Work. Intermediary enters the project manager and the end users of the application. Formalize the needs received from the latter and ensures the follow-up of the project and possibly part of the receipt.
- Mobo : Acronym of " motherboard" (mother chart in English)
- MOE : Control of Work. Indicate those which carry out the projects in opposition to the control of work (MOA)
- MOM (always in capital letters): One moment, PLEASE (international code Telex).
- MOD : English abbreviation of modification . Indicate a modification partial of a play by generally of the amateurs (Counter Strike for Half Life for example). When the play is radically changed one speaks then about Total Conversion .
- MVS : Multiple Virtual Storage. Operating system of the large system IBM
- N-third : evolution of architecture 3-third. Several specialized waiters of application are used.
- NTI : New technologies of Information. Indicate new technologies such as Java or .NET
- Byte : Measuring unit of storage space. Corresponds to 8 bits.
- Optimization : Consist in making a software more powerful, more effective, swifter. For example while gaining in lightness (reduction of the number of lines of code really necessary, removal of the useless lines of codes). In short, a software optimized is the opposite of what one calls a " machine with gaz" (see this expression).
- OS : Operating system (UNIX, WINDOWS,…). It is also the acronym of the late information system for micro computer designed by IBM for the applications in companies.
- Ordi : current abbreviation for computer (see babasse or bike ).
- P2P : Abbreviation of peer to peer which indicates the models of networks of file-swapping directly of user with user (FastTrack, eDonkey, Bitorrent,…).
- PAQ : Plan of Quality assurance
- PEBKAC : P roblem E xists B etween K eyboard has Nd C to hate, traduisable in the problem is between the chair and the keyboard . Expression employed when it is the user (sat on the chair, in front of the keyboard) who is responsible for the problem and not the computer or the program.
- Peon : “a nonprivileged user” - a person without special privileges on a computing system. The opposite is a “Super-user. ”
- PetitMou : French translation (pejorative) of the name of Microsoft (micro = small and software = tender, soft, or soft in this case) In vogue in the Nineties, probably appeared with Windows 95.
- PICNIC : P roblem I N C to hate NR ot I N C omputer, translatable in the problem is on the chair, not in the computer . Expression employed when the error is due to the user (sat on the chair) and not to the computer or the program.
- Pilot : 1. Synonym of Console operator. - 2. (''' Driver ''') Software making it possible an OS to use a peripheral (printer, modem, graphics card, chart its, etc) because, in general, a simple physical connection is not enough.
- Ping : Test of a connection between distant hosts ( Packet Internet Groper ).
- Phishing : A user receives email disguised of his bank or of its favorite online store containing a bond towards its account, he is asked for a confirmation of password where a good deal is proposed. Once the clicked bond, the URL in the bar of address is made up and the true site clone on a different waiter. Entrusting, the trapped Net surfer returns his identifiers and/or his card numbers… etc the pirate does not have any more whom has to recover them and to make use of it.
- Plantage' : Action to plant. Says itself of a program which has just stopped in a way not envisaged (In 99% of the cases following a programming error). There are several levels of planting. If the accused program nothing but does finish suddenly, generally returning the user on the desk one will speak about crash landing . In the worst of the cases, plus any order does not answer, the screen does not solidify (one speaks about freeze , or freezing in French) and it but does not remain any more to start again the machine manually.
- Flat of spaghettis : Says itself of a program not structured, whose unfolding is as easy to follow as to find the ends corresponding of spaghettis in a plate.
- POTS : Abbreviation of Plain Old Telephones System , the traditional telephone.
- Plug&Play : mean " connect and joue" , procedure allowing the peripherals to be recognized quickly at the time of their connection.
- Pov : Persistence Off Vision. Name of a " raytracer" or " launcher of rayons" official site.
- Prout : Not very elegant French abbreviation of the term i' prout' E , or routing IP.
- Console operator : operator, generally of the level Vat H, in charge of the operation of a system. Its role includes/understands the monitoring of the system, current maintenance (paper loading on the printers, assembly of the bands…) and settings in productions. This trade was very snuffed in years 80-90 because it made it possible to profit from premiums of night and weekend. It fell in disuse with the arrival from the automats. Another name (Pilot)
- RAM : Random Acces Memory Indicates the random access memory of the computer
- Ramer : when the response times are bad in consequence of overload of a machine or a bad design of software, it is said that the system " rame". Generally cause the aggravation of the users and many calls to the data processing department.
- Reboot : Restarting of a machine.
- Receipt : Posterior period with YOU during whom the programs and the results are placed at the disposal of the users in order to validate the possible creations and modifications.
- Redmond (Illuminé/le guru of): Indicate Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft (the company at its head office with Redmond, state of Washington) This expression is especially used by the partisans of the free software, who compare Microsoft with a kind of sect because of his quasi-monopoly and the standards that it tries to impose. With less religious connotation, one also speaks about the swindler of Redmond (like more or less presses of another terms orduriers, relating to the degree of irritation of the user).
- RSSI : Person in charge of the Information system security. Post in a company having charges the data-processing security management with it in general.
- STN : Commutated phone network, this good old man telephones (see POTS ) that the computers use less and less to exchange information by Modem since the generalization of the High banc.
- RTFM : " Read The Fucking Manual" : term running on forums linuxiens inviting a person not knowing to make use of the UNIX orders and Linux with réferrer with the handbook before putting inept questions (cf man)
- reset (resetter): to start again a program or a machine.
- root : Count connection (logging) of the system administrator of the systems Unix and Linux
- SDK : Abbreviation of Software Development Kit , a whole of software development.
- SE : Expert system (Windows 98 SE < Second Edition).
- ITS : External specifications of the System. Document describing the functions to be developed without specifying the technical sides.
- DBMS : Basic management system of Data.
- Setuper : (Francization of to set up ) to parameterize a system, i.e. to seize permanent values there allowing the coherence of the data model with operation of programs (in particular a ERP)
- IF : Information system. Indicate the whole of the computer applications of a company.
- Stfw : English abbreviation of search the fucking Web , which is generally sent when RTFM did not go (see RTFM ).
- LOCATED : Internal specifications of the System. Document describing the treatments to be developed.
- Splash screen litt. screen of splash. The very first screen posted with the launching of a software.
- Software : Abbreviation of Software. Software in opposition to Hardware.
- SPECS : Specifications.
- Spyware : literally " software espion". It is about a type of software intended to collect information on the practices of the users of computers, in particular those of the Net surfers. If the spywares are not a priori not dangerous for the computer, they clearly constitute a violation of the private space of the user in the direction where the majority of them act without the knowledge of this last.
- IF : Information system security.
- software firm : And Engineering service company in Data processing
- SSL : Service company in Free software
- TI : Integration test. Functional check of several programs together (in opposition to YOU).
- TMA : Applicative Third party maintenance. Project entrusted by a company to a software firm ensuring the maintenance of an application (pay, accountancy,…, all IF) at a contractual cost on the basis of contractual schedule of conditions.
- Trashing what occurs when the system spends more time carrying out input-outputs of Pagination for its virtual Memory than to work.
- Trojan : English word used to indicate a " horse of troie". It is a little program benefitting from the faults of the network to infiltrate in your computer. It makes it possible to open an direct access of your computer a cracker.
- YOU : Unit test. Bearing test on a program isolated from the treatments with which he dialogs or communicates by files.
- To kill a job : To stop a treatment because it leaves in loop or reveals too slow with the execution, or on standby of resource, etc
- To use : User/User profile. Nobody who does not know anything with data processing but is obliged to make use of it. Becomes generally allergic at the end of a few months. Spends much time to apply all kinds of procedures to the exceptions of those appearing in the handbooks and recommended by the data processing specialists. When it carries out a bad handling, the user generally tries to correct his error by all the means it has… One says also customer or user , but it is much less fashion. (Note: the user is by far the most dangerous part of the computer.)
- UML : Unified Modeling Language. Design method of gas computer application
- Works : when, generally following many successive maintenances or because of a bad identification of the general cases to the profit of the particular cases, a software became too complicated and ineffective, it becomes " a factory with gaz". Its recasting and the suppression of the dead code is then imperative.
- data-processing Worm : malicious software which reproduces on computers using a data-processing network like the Internet. A worm, contrary to a computer virus, does not need a program host to reproduce. It exploits the various resources in order to ensure its reproduction.
- Virus : Software conceived to harm the good performance of a computer. The name " virus" comes from a certain analogy of operation with the biological viruses: capacity car-to be retorted, quasi-undetectable presence before the appearance of " symptômes". Their aggressiveness is variable: simple interference by occupation of disk space, plantings, destruction of data even premature wear of the material (for example by ceaseless accesses to the hard drives).
- VM : virtual machine (for example Java VM, Parrot VM or i586 virtualized with VMware)
- Windaube : Disrespectful nickname given to the operating system Windows of Microsoft in order to stigmatize its imperfections.
- Wysiwyg : English abbreviation of what you see is what you get , translated into French by what you see is what you obtain , generally used to describe the word processing with made instantaneous. Often unfortunately opposite with " what you see is what you want". The expression such screen, such writing is sometimes used as a shorter translation. The last word is the wysiwym which means what you see is what you mean : what you see is this what you imagine. In order to scoff the imperfection at the returned first Wysiwyg , the acronym wysimolwyg was sometimes employed: " what you see is more gold less what you get " (" what you see is more or less what you obtenez").
- Jargon of Wikipédia
- Language SMS
- Jargon in the instant messaging
Computerese Dictionary of the French Computerese, who contains more than 10000 words. It functions under GNU/Linux, Microsoft Windows and MacOS-X.
- Jargon Spins Eric S. Raymond
- the French Jargon (on line)
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