Complement of the name
The complement of the name is a Complément subordinated to a name. In French, it is introduced by a preposition with, of, by, for, in, without, with,… and indicates the possession, the origin or the matter in popular language.
- the girl of the king.
- the town of my youth.
- the Chinese book (implied in Chinese language).
- the spoon with coffee.
- the bonnet for child.
- the crank lamp-torch.
- the subway without driver.
- the fault with Mathieu (popular language, the formulation in literary French being “the fault of Mathieu”).
The car of my mother is beautiful.
Question: the car of which?
Answer: of my mother ( mother is the complement of the name car )
In French, the complement of the name agrees, neither in kind, nor of number, with the name.
Certain complements according to a name and introduced by of are not complements of the name, but of the Apposition S or many circumstantial complements:
- the town of Marseilles (affixing city = Marseilles).
- streets of Paris (adverbial phrase of place).
- the Card deck (circumstantial complement of means).
In the languages with variation, the complement of the name is returned by the Génitif.
In English, the “ noun adjunct ” (addition of name) also called “ attributive nouns ” (attributive names) fulfilled this role
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