The Comarque , or countered in French ( comarca in Spanish or Portuguese) in the Iberian peninsula and all historical Catalonia (of which in France " comarques" in the the Eastern Pyrenees) corresponds more or less to the concept of country or " area naturelle" in France. From its dimensions it corresponds to an intermediate size between a canton and a district (sub-prefecture) French. It is a division geographical, historical, cultural, ethnographic, economic, etc, in a defined territory, around a commercial city-center which exerts the role of chief town. The regions are resulting from old the counties or medieval Viscounts born at the time Carolingienne. In the majority of the Spanish autonomous regions, the region does not have a legal status, except for the Catalogne which made an inter-commune administrative level of it since the beginning of the years 1980 and in the Aragon more recently.
In certain cases, a region, when it does not have legal recognition, can be divided between various provinces. It is the case of the region of " Tierra de Campos" , in the the autonomous Community of Castille-and-León, which has extensions in four provinces: Valladolid, Palencia, León and Zamora.
Since the granting of statutes of regional autonomy of many autonomous communities set up a “comarcalisation” (in Spanish “comarcalización” ), through laws or plans of “comarcalisation”, in order to decentralize their territory as well as possible. This administrative officialization generally takes account of the historical regions existing but not recognized hitherto and is the subject of territorial studies installation by the regional administration.
The Catalogne, which was pionnière in the installation of a legal status for its regions, studies the creation of a new administrative level gathering several regions and substituent with the existing provinces, Vegueria. Catalonia should have seven or eight of them gathering its 41 regions instead of the 4 current provinces.
BrazilWith the Brazil, the comarque one is a legal term which indicates territorial division where the competence of a judge of first authority is exerted. It can correspond to the territory of a municipality or include several of small size of them.
For the creation of comarques, several criteria enter in account, like the financial resources of the municipality, the number of inhabitants and voters and the legal activity.
- List of comarques of Andalusia
- List of comarques of Castille and León
- List of comarques of Catalonia
- List of comarques of the Valencian Community
- List of comarques of Murcie
- List of comarques of Navarre
- List of comarques of the Basque autonomous Community
- Comarques de Castille it Sleeve
- Comarques of the province of Burgos
- Comarques of Galicia
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