College of Sorbonne
The college of Sorbonne is a college of old the Université of Paris. It was located at the site of the current building of the Sorbonne (see this last article for the details relating to this building during the centuries).
This college became the principal college of the Faculté of theology with the Collège of Navarre, the Collège of the cardinal Lemoine, and the Collège of Cholets.
The college of Sorbonne was closed with the whole of the other colleges of the university of Paris in 1793.
Foundation of the College of SorbonneRobert Sorbon, chaplain of holy king Louis, knowing the difficulties which the schoolboys without fortune had to arrive at the rank of doctor, establishes, in 1253, a house which it intended for a certain number of secular ecclesiastics who, living joint and quiet on their existence, would be entirely occupied studies and of teaching. There was then in Europe no community of secular ecclesiastics. Saint Louis, soon afterwards, wanted to take part in this useful foundation; it bought and gave him, in 1256, a house located Rue Cut-Mouth, in front of the palate of the Thermal baths, and, in 1258, two other houses, one located Rue of the Two-Doors and the other Rue of the Masons: it made them rebuild suitably. The price of the hirings was intended for the maintenance of the poor schoolboys. The king gave moreover to these poor schoolboys or poor clerks, to the ones two pennies, the others a penny, or even eighteen sums of money per week, to help them to live. The number of the poor schoolboys admitted in this college, of the time of Louis saint, amounted to hundred.
This college took initially the very modest denomination of poor house , and the Masters who taught, that of poor Masters , it quickly took the name of college of Sorbonne.
Robert de Sorbon acquired of Guillaume de Cambrai a ground extending from the Sorbonne until the Rue of White beets on which it based the Collège of Calvy or small Sorbonne, to place the students as humanities and philosophy.
Operation of the college
The college of Sorbonne admitted Doctors of Divinity, graduates in theology stock exchange and nonstock exchange. The doctors and the graduates could also have the student poor on their premises. Recruitment was opened with all nationalities and all the family origins.
There was with the college of Sorbonne qu minus six professors teaching free the various parts of theology. There were also doctors who made a study of morals.
There existed several loads for the administration of the college:
- the headmaster: One entrusted this load to one of the important members of the Company.
- the prior: One entrusted this load to a associate graduate. The prior chaired the assemblies of the Company, the acts of Robertines and defenses of Sorbonique thesis of the license of which it made the opening and the fence. He was the guard of the keys and signed the acts in first.
- the senior: the senior was one of the deputies born of the faculty of theology.
- the conscriptor
- the professors
- the librarian
- the prosecutor.
The college of Sorbonne was composed of thirty-six apartments. The library of the college quickly became one of most important of Paris.
With the Rebirth, the college of Sorbonne became the seat of the assemblies and the examinations of the Faculté of theology.
Henri IV founded two pulpits of theology in this college in 1598 and his/her son Louis XIII founded a third in 1616 of it.
Armand of Plessis de Richelieu studied there, then entered the Company, was prior then headmaster. When he became Prime Minister, he made rebuild the building of 1629 to 1642.
The college of Sorbonne absorbed in 1648 the Collège of Plessis, following the destruction of the Collège of Calvy and the Collège of the Eighteen.
the Company of SorbonneThe college of Sorbonne is not in the beginning a college having the aim of offering the lodging and cover to the schoolboys but to offer the lodging and cover well to the teachers and to create a true body teaching for theology. It by is closely associated with the sorbonic Company.
One distinguished in the college from Sorbonne the hosts and the associates. To be allowed with the number of the hosts, it was necessary to be graduate in theology, to support a thesis called Robertine, ety to gain the greatest number of the votes in three different polls. The hosts were placed and nourished in the house. It could study in the library, but it did not have the key of it. In the assemblies of the Company, they did not have a voice and when he became Doctor of Divinity he was to leave the college. The hosts had the quality of doctors or graduates of the house of Sorbonne.
To be received to associate, i.e. member of the Company, it was necessary to support Robertine and to undergo the three polls like the hosts, and moreover, one was obliged to profess free a course of philosophy, after which one underwent two more polls. The poor associates received a purse during ten years. All the associates took the title of doctors or graduates of the house and company of Sorbonne.
The businesses of the college being regulated jointly by the associates, without it there have no main thing. The monks were strictly excluded from the Company and the fact for a associate of joining a congregation under the direction of one only superior involved his exclusion of the Company of Sorbonne.
Former students of the college of Sorbonne
- Armand Jean of Plessis de Richelieu
- Joseph Hook
- Pierre-François Tinthoin
- Charles Gobinet, writer religious and pedagog, old principal of the College of Plessis
- Jean Gobinet, theologist, old principal of the College of Plessis
- Philippe de Gamaches, theologist, first holder of pulpit of positive theology in the Sorbonne
- Jacques Lescot, bishop of Chartres, the main thing of the College of Dainville.
- Gabriel de Nail, precentor of Amiens.
- Pierre Sigorgne, vicar-general of the diocese of Mâcon, corresponding member of the institute
- Jean-Jacques Olier, founder of the community of the priests of the seminar of Saint-Sulpice to Paris.
- Nicolas Oresme, large-Master of the College of Navarre
- Hardouin de Beaumont de Péréfixe, bishop of Rhodos.
- Louis-Antoine de Noailles, archbishop of Paris
- Jerome-Claude Gandolphe, appointed with the constituent
- Clement VI, pope
- Jean-Baptiste Dubos, historian and critical Assembly, perpetual secretary of the French Academy
- Andre Duval, senior of the Faculty of theology of Paris
- Edmond Richer
- Antoine Arnauld
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