Coleman Hawkins known as Bean (bean) (November 21st, 1904 - May 19th, 1969) was a Saxophoniste tenor of Jazz. It was one of the major Soliste S of the Middle jazz.
It is the first Saxophoniste tenor to have known to give in the Années 1920 a true sound of quality, full and sensual with this instrument, which was not before him not yet the instrument emblematic of the Jazz and was used little in this kind. It thus inspired several generations of saxophonists. This its characteristic was called in question only more than one decade later by the other emblematic Saxophoniste tenor of the Middle jazz: To ballast Young.
Its interpretation of the standard Drunk Body and , recorded in 1939, regarded as a model like improvisation Jazz, near to the perfection according to the specialists, was a business success.
BiographyColeman Randolph Hawkins was born on November 21st, 1904 with Saint-Joseph in the Missouri. It makes traditional musical studies in Washburn College of Kansas City, then with Chicago, it learns how to play of the Piano and the Violoncelle. At 9 years, it receives a Saxophone tenor for his birthday. It makes appearances in public as of 12 years and joined an orchestra of theater, at 16 years. He learns the composition and the Harmonie with the Université before joining the Orchestre of the singer Mamie Smith (1922 - 1923).
Its popularity starts to continue in the orchestra of Fletcher Henderson, in which it is engaged in 1923 and of which he quickly becomes the soloist and the principal high-speed motorboat. Engaged by Jack Hylton, it leaves Henderson in 1934 to leave as soloist in Europe (France, the United Kingdom, Netherlands and Suisse), where it had an important influence on the development of the European jazz. It will meet there in particular the Guitariste Django Reinhardt, Alix Combelle, Stephan Grappelli…
To the beginning of the war in Europe, it turns over to the the United States, and records there its legendary interpretation of Body and Soul , which will be one of the best record sales of the history of the jazz. At the same time, Lester Young starts to impose his play of Saxophone radically different tenor, thus opening a new way of influence which calls in question the supremacy of Hawkins.
In the Years 1940, it launches out in the movement Bebop, at the side, inter alia, of Dizzy Gillespie and Thelonious Monk. In the Years 1950 and 1960, it is one of the high-speed motorboats of the rounds Jazz At the Philharmonic , still records with Sony Rollins, Miles Davis, Fats Navarro, max Roach and Milt Jackson, and will make even an attempt in the Bossa nova in 1963.
Disappointed by music industry, démotivé, it sinks in the Alcoolisme. In spite of its declining health, it still finds the force to appear on some scenes or in films and to manage a small club of Jazz. He dies on May 19th, 1969 with New York.
- 1936 - 56: Drunk Body and (RCA) compilation
- 1944: Rainbow Mist (Delmark)
- 1947: Hollywood Stampede (Capitol)
- 1957: The Hawk Flies High (Riverside/OJC)
- 1957: World one has String (Bluebird/RCA)
- 1957: Monk' S Music (Riverside/OJC)
- 1960: At Ease with Coleman Hawkins (OJC)
- 1962: Alive! At The Village Spoils (Liveliness)
- 1962: Desafinado Pulse!
- 1966 : Supreme (Enja)
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