The code INSEE or code INSEE , in France, is a numeric or alphanumeric digital code, worked out by the National institute of the statistics and the economic studies, public service in charge with the production and the analysis of the various data Statistiques concerning the communities (and data geographical), the individuals, and the companies.
The geographical official code is the nomenclature of the common Frenchwomen, established by INSEE.
Identification of the local government agencies (and other geographical data)It relates to all the local government agencies, but is more particularly employed to index the common , because of their great number (36 783) and of the many remaining homonymies.
The reference document is the geographical official Code , document periodically revised (according to fusions and associations of communes and the changes of denomination intervening with regularity).
Communal codeThe complete communal code includes/understands 8 intermediate characters and 3 spaces:
- departments of metropolis: 2 characters (01 with 19,2A and 2B, 21 to 95),
- departments and overseas territories: 3 characters (97…, 98…) ;
- a space;
- district: 1 character;
- a space;
- canton: 2 characters;
- a space;
- common of metropolis: 3 characters,
- common of DOM-TOM: 2 characters.
In practice, INSEE itself recognizes the existence of a simplified communal code with five characters, without space intermediate, gathering only the parts “secondary road” and “communal” of the complete code:
- common of metropolis: 2 characters + 3 characters;
- common of overseas: 3 characters + 2 characters.
This simplified communal code is used by INSEE itself, for example in the presentation of the pages of “legal Population” of a commune (resulting from the censuses), but also by many French administrations for various uses. The Departmental records use as for it a version still more simplified, limited to the 2 or 3 characters of the “communal” part, to refer certain articles in their deposits (microfilms of the civil statue).
Cantonal codeINSEE, for the presentation of the results of census concerning a canton, uses a simplified version of the geographical official Code:
- metropolis: 2 characters of the department 2 digits of the canton;
- overseas: 3 digits of the department/territory/community 2 digits of the canton.
Departmental or regional code
- See also geographical Codes of France for the zones and areas and the correspondence of the departments.
Foreign equivalentsThe geographical official code, in its full versions or simplified, is comparable:
- with the Code ISTAT Italian, which uses, in its official form, two groups of three digits separated by a space, an indent and the second space and, in its current form, joined one with the other;
- with the INNATE code Portuguese, which uses three groups of two digits separated by spaces (for the Freguesia S), two groups (for the concelhos), a group (for the districts);
- with the code INS of the common Belgians, two + three digits: province in the alphabetical order of the French name (2 = old province of the Brabant), district within each province, communes alphabetically within each district.
Identification of the individualsIn France, each person is identified as of her birth by a number made up of fifteen digits. This number, known under the name of Social security number, comes from the number of inscription to the national directory of identification from the people or NIR, initially called number of French to his creation.
Concerning the problems of unicity of the social security number, to see Unicity.
Significance of the NIRThe significance of the figures is the following one:
The codes “sex” 7 and 8 can be allotted for temporary registrations, for example for a person who finds an employee job without being immatriculée.
In Algeria, time of the mode of Vichy, this figure was also used to count the Juifs, the Moslems of Algeria, the foreigners… These old codes are not used any more, classification ethnic or religious being proscribed by the law, the old identifiers were redéfinis.
It is planned to use figures 3 to 8 (with the same rule of parity to distinguish men and women) in order to extend classification and to avoid the problem of the doubled blooms between alive people or recently died, which would make it possible to indicate the century of birth.
Specific codes exist for the people registered starting from an act of incomplete civil statue (code month higher than 20 if the month of birth is unknown, code commune 990 if the commune (or country) of birth is unknown). These cases are extremely rare with the formalities of current birth notification.
For the overseas departments, one retains the number of department to three digits, and the number of commune on two digits (since 1950). The people born abroad have a code department equal to 99 and one code commune replaced by the code of the country of birth to three digits. So front 1964, the codes department from 91 to 96 were used for the Algérie, the Tunisia and the Morocco, the French born in the departments of French Algeria saw themselves allotting code 99. The Juppe directive of 1994 theoretically makes it possible to make proceed to the corrigendum.
If the number of births exceeds 999 one months given, a code common extension is created in the same department (or community of overseas): it corresponds to a common data only for one month and a given year. In practice, that relates to only some of the largest communes of a department, where exists a big number of places in private clinics of maternity and where the recorded births each month are particularly numerous, and certain communes thus have now several allotted codes of extension in a permanent way. This concentration of the births on a reduced number of communes was accentuated with the quasi-systematic medicalisation of the births in Metropolitan France, a great majority of communes recording only very rare births. In addition, in overseas, the communes are often wider (for example in Guyana) and fewer than in metropolis and count a more population with a birthrate often more important (it is the case particularly with Mayotte), which requires such codes of extension in a quasi-permanent way.
Calculation of the Key of control: to divide by 97 the number formed by the first 13 figures, to take the remainder of this division, then the complement with 97 (i.e. the difference between 97 and the remainder of division). The key of control is equal to this complement. To make calculation with the scientific computer of the computer, to proceed as follows: to type the NIR (the first 13 figures), then on MOD 97; the remainder of division thus is obtained that one cuts off to 97 to have the last two figures which form the key. To make calculation with a spreadsheet, to introduce the first 13 figures into a cell then in another cell to write =97- (A1-TRONQUE (A1/97) *97) A1 being the cell where the first 13 figures are. For Corsica, the letters has and B are replaced by zeros, and one withdraws number from 13 digits thus obtained 1 000 000 for has and 2 000 000 for B.
Conditions of use of the NIR
History of the NIRThe inventor of the NIR is Rene Carmille (death in deportation in 1944 with Dachau) which realized between April and August 1941, under the Régime of Vichy, the first general repertory, to secretly prepare the mobilization of a French Army.
Later on, this coding was taken again by the Marie general, in Algérie, in order to count the Juifs, the Moslems and other categories. The goal was to drive all the French population and to discriminate them according to ethnic or statutory criteria, within the framework of the policy of the Régime of Vichy. Indeed the first figure of the code NIR which today is just used to identify the sex of the person was more “complete” at the time:
1 or 2 for the French citizens;
- 3 or 4 for the natives of Algeria (those which one called the “Moslems”) and of all the colonies, not Juifs;
- 5 or 6 for the Jewish indigenous;
- 7 or 8 for the foreigners;
- 9 or 0 for the badly definite statutes.
This discriminating categorization used in Algeria was abolished in 1944. It used forever on the territory of “metropolitan” France, where, during all the war, it was made use only from the “1” and the “2”.
In 1946, the management of the NIR was entrusted to INSEE. This institution also manages the national directory of identification of the natural persons (RNIPP) which contains for each individual: NIR, the Family name, the First name S, the sex, the date and birthplace, the reference of birth certificate.
Identification of the companies
Number SIRENThe number SIREN is allotted to the French companies during their registration whatever their legal form. It is national, invariable and lasts the life time of the company. It corresponds to the NIR of the natural persons. It is composed of nine digits, the eight first are allotted sequentially (except for the public agencies starting with 1 or 2), the ninth is a key of control (modulo 10, according to the algorithm of Luhn).
It is used as a basis for the number of inscription for the Company and Trade register (RCS), number of inscription to the Repertory of the Trades (RM) and number of operator on the intracommunity market (VAT).
For example: the number of SIREN 451.784.746 indicates a private company with the national number 451.784 74 and the key of control 6.
Number SIRETThe number SIRET corresponding to the identification of an establishment of a company. Indeed, a company can have one or more establishments (geographical locations). SIREN associated with a Internal Number of Classification, NIC, composed of five digits (the four first are sequential, the fifth is a key of control calculated modulo 10 on the complete number according to the algorithm of Luhn), form the number SIRET.
For example: 451.784.746 00055 corresponds to the fifth establishment of the preceding company, with the key of control 5 for the complete SIRET.
The Intracommunity number of VATIt was created, on January 1st 1993, to guarantee the intracommunity commercial exchanges.
For France, it is composed of the letters FR, supplemented of a key of two digits or letters allotted by the center of the taxes of the place of exercise of the company, and number SIREN to 9 digits. For example for the already quoted company: .
The validity of this identifier can be checked on the following site:
- Europa LIVES
It is possible to convert (but not to validate juridically) the Intracommunity number of VAT. More:
- Datalgo conversion Siren/TVA
Identification of the community activities
Code APEINSEE allots to a company and each one of its establishments, at the time of their inscription to the repertory SIREN, a code which characterizes its principal activity by reference to the French nomenclature of activities (NAF). More precisely, one distinguishes the code APEN for the company and the code APET for the establishments.
Code NAFThe acronym NAF means: French nomenclature of activities. The last version of this nomenclature dated January 1st, 2003.
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