See also: Julien
Claude-François Julien is a Journaliste French born with Brest in 1935 in a family very practicing whose father is military engineer. Raise in catholic teaching with a passage at the Jesuits, it bathes in a family circle whose personalism is not foreign with the critical report/ratio towards the ecclesiastical institution.
With a father trained by the democratic Furrow and priests, it is brought to read the review Esprit even if its reading of Temps present is more regular. Close relations of the left of MRP after having been gaullists, his/her parents inculcate the attachment with the private school and the refusal of very compromised to him with the communist . Registered in History-Geography with the University of Rennes, it militates with JEC and the UNEF where it is elected president of the students in letters. But its principal structure of political sociability is the group Christian Témoignage which it created with friends and which Jean Delumeau and François-Xavier Hutin sponsors, the son of the owner of Ouest-France . It is besides in the latter that it carries out, as trainee, his first steps in journalism.
But, in dissension with the line of the daily newspaper on the War of Algeria, he prefers the Parisian press of which it is brought to meet certain figures (Suffert, Montaron, Mandouze,…) at meetings of Christian Testimony. Dissuaded to turn to teaching after some courses in a private college of Saint-Malo (1957), it thus carries out without much enthusiasm one 3rd cycle of history of religion then a training course of aggregation. At this point in time in 1961, it goes up to Paris and finds a station with Christian Témoignage. Of load of the political, social and economic sector, its work especially consists in ordering articles with external journalists (Gilbert Mathieu, Johanne Leroy, Bernard Ferroud, etc).
Politically near to the Socialist party unified, it accommodates the contributions of personalities like Michel Rocard, Jacques Delors or of the minority of the CFTC (Eugene Descamps, Albert Detraz, etc). But if it calls much on the latter which result often from the Christian working Jeunesse, it maintains nevertheless positive ratios with the CGT, in particular with Séguy. Called under the flags in 1963, it recovers its station after 16 month of absence, But, in 1967, a first fixing occurred with Montaron on a paper considered to be too critical with regard to the Palestinians. That worsens when, in May 68, he seeks with Bernard Schreiner and André Vilmeux to impose on Montaron a Work's council and a company of writers.
Thus, in December 1968, it cannot prevent the clash with Montaron and it is laid off. To the looking for a job, it turns to Nouvel Observateur . If he agree not to postulate with the replacement of Claude Krief, he nevertheless sends his press-book street of Aboukir. Receipt cordially by Hector de Galard, it is committed in April 1969. Attached to the political service, it divides its office with the members of the left of the newspaper (Yvon Valiant the, Claude Angéli, Jacqueline Dana, Rene Backmann, Mariella Righini) who lead it to attend mobility Maoist. Thus, it distributes the Cause of the people with Sartre and even it written there articles under pseudonym.
With the Nouvel Observateur , it covers the interior policy to the legislative countryside of Michel Rocard (October 1969). Then ceasing almost treating political news if it is not that of its native area, it deals with the religious and social questions. Approaching these last by the means of the movements of farmers and tradesmen craftsmen (in particular the CID-UNATI), it treats also agitation posterior high-school girl in May 68. In 1972, it draws a book from it on the subject ( the high-school pupils, these new men , Stock) but it is then especially worried by the strikes from Renault.
In company of Jean Moreau (chief of documentation), it accompanies thus the militants Maoists in their operation until coming to the fist with the leaders members of the C.G.T. from the factory. And it is present at the time of the death of Pierre Overney (February 25th, 1972). Its papers on the subject are checked narrow on behalf of a direction of the drafting close to the owner of the factory, itself favorable to the CGT trade union. It is besides against an article favorable to this one that in June 1972, it to the great displeasure gives an opinion with the wing Maoist and anti-unit of the newspaper (Jean Moreau, Nicole Muchnik, Michel Bosquet, Mariella Righini) of the direction. Moreover, it is only found on these positions in a political service where the various newcomers (Georges Mamy, Kathleen Evin, Irene Allier, Thierry Pfister) do not share its criticisms towards the contents of the common Programme and the practice mitterrand ienne. As for Lucien Rioux, if he is politically cedetist, he keeps a carnal attachment in CGT. He thus preaches there a little in the desert when he made there the echo of the theses of Edmond Maire, directing of the CFDT to which he is close and which he leads several times to assist with the conferences of drafting. Sensitive to the theses of Jean Moreau (person in charge of CFDT) after having been it with those of Frédo Krumnov, it thus covers the trade-union topicality in a direction favorable to CFDT (it should be noted that it discusses by twice with Jacques Delors.) Through some papers which it publishes on the situation policies main road, it seems a catholic of left sensitive to the relationships of the Christians with the left, to the defense of the private school and the conditions of reception of the immigrants.
On this last subject, it interview Sally Dougo in October 1977 and shown an antiracism which has equal only its fiber third-mondiste and anticolonialist. On the school, in spite of the opposition of others of Georges Granny or Yvon the Valiant one, it takes the defense of private education. And on the relations of the Christians with the policy, it interview for example the Communist Maxime Gremetz within the framework of a large file (" Catholic: the time of passions ") where it is invested much (January 1978). It even tries, about 1976, to be used as intermediary between the Church and the PS at the time of a dinner joining together at Jean Daniel, Mitterrand and the cardinal Marty.
But it fails in spite of the good bonds which it wove with the direction of the institution like illustrates it its successive discussions with the bishops the Happy one of Perpignan (April 8th, 1974) and Matagrin of Grenoble (January 23rd, 1978), Monseigneur Gilson (June 20th, 1977) and the cardinal François Marty (December 22nd, 1980). The nomination of his/her Jacques brother as bishop of Beauvais is perhaps not foreign with the quality of its sources even those are due to its own address book. Lastly, it also sometimes happens to him to approach the rest of the world by the means of the topic of the religion. It thus evokes the Church of Poland as of June 1975 and, within the framework of document of the week, the condition of the Christians to the Vietnam and China.
In 1984, it takes the head of the opposition of the newspaper to the law against the private school.
|Random links:||Larré (Morbihan) | Edward Heath | Saint-Georges-of-Groseillers | Efthýmios Rentziás | 14 Oktobar Kruševac | Shrikant_Jichkar|