It is on a hill, rather near to the Adriatic Sea. Its railway station, located in against-low, is called Chieti Scalo (stopover). It is a city of the Antiquité whose foundation goes back to one period former to Rome (populated then of Sabins).
Extending on an inclined hill strong, to 330 m above the sea level, it of it is distant from 15 km, between the valley of the river Pescara and the torrent Alento. A panorama makes it possible to see the solid masses of Maiella and Gran Sasso as well as agricultural hills, covered with vines and olive groves. But it is not only one agricultural area, with an accelerated development of industrial type, with the feet of the city (in the zone of Chieti Scalo in particular).
Called during Antiquity Teate , Chieti was the capital of the Marrucino people and, while being close to Rome with which it was combined against Hannibal, Pyrrhus and Persée king of Macedonia, in Pidna. After the social wars within the Italic League, it formed part of the Roman Empire definitively and become city, a great economic prosperity acquired quickly (families related to the trade with Rome like Vettii E Orsinii). Certain Asinio Pollione, historian and well-read man, became a close friend of Auguste and a friend of Virgile - one allots to him the opening of the first public library of the human history. It is at that time old which go up the urban organization of Teate - of which there remains the orthogonal layout of the ways like some ruins like the temples of the forum, preserved rather well, and a cistern (thermal baths), as well as a theater and an amphitheater, recently discovered.
Its decline date completion of the Empire where, after being almost entirely destroyed by the Goths, it was oppressed by the Byzantines and was included, by the Lombards in the duchy of Spolète, then in that of Bénévent before becoming a county under the Normands with the control of a territory almost covering all the area of the the Abruzzi. It found a certain gloss under the Anjou and more still under the crown of Aragon which made of it the capital of the the Abruzzi and conceded the possibility to him of striking currency.
At the 15th century, Chieti sees emerging from many architectural works who renew of it the aspect, the Tower of the Archbishop's palace, and the modernization of the principal churches founded at the previous century: the cathedral of Justin saint, Sainte-Marie of Civitella, Holy François and Saint Augustin. But it is at the 16th century that the city reaches its current aspect because it ecclesiastical capacity, the development of the religious orders, a seminar of the Diocese, the arrival of the Jésuite S and Scolopi which created colleges there, centers of culture. The name of the city became famous because of the saint Gaëtan Thiene, cofounder of the homonymous congregation with Giampero Carafa, archbishop of Chieti, become pope Paul IV. It would also be necessary to quote holy Camille De Lellis, founder of Chierici Regolari degli infermi and father Alessandro Valignani, a Jesuit missionary in China, India and Japan. Its development is also flourishing at the 18th century thanks to the reforms of Charles III of Bourbon.
The national unit allowed the urban development, thanks to the railway station of Scalo.
Remarkable monumentsIn addition to the already evoked traditional monuments, Chieti asserts a medieval architectural heritage among which the bell-tower of the Cathedral emerges (1355) and its romano-gotic crypt, the higher order of François saint with the rays of the 14th century as well as the gates gotic of holy Marie of Civitella and saint Antoine Abbé but also the gates of holy Agathe and of the Door Pescara, which illustrate the ogival architecture well Anjou. The many statues out of wooden of XIVe and 15th century are also remarkable preserved in the museum of the Diocese as well as the rich person deposit of parchments and enluminés codes of the historical Files of the episcopal Curia.
The Ud' has , or university Gabriele-d' Annunzio was created in 1965 like Libre Public university. Renamed in 1982, the G. of Annunzio is spread between Chieti and the city close to Pescara (15 km) with other sites for the research activities and to formation in the provinces of these two cities (Lanciano, Torre de' Passeri, Torrevecchia Teatina, Vasto). The legal seat is in Chieti (vice-chancellorship and head office). The seal of the University represents, in a stylized way, the head of Minerve, placed on a simple capital on which is written “Università degli Studi G. of Annunzio”.
Communes borderingBucchianico, Casalincontrada, Cepagatti (EP), Francavilla Al Pond, Manoppello (EP), Pescara (EP), Scraped Teatina, Rosciano (EP), San Giovanni Teatino, Torrevecchia Teatina
- Order of Théatins
- List of the Italian cities of more than 25.000 inhabitants
- Official site of province of Chieti (Italian)
- Official site of the University
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