A chief town is a city which is administratively preeminent in a territorial or administrative division.
In BelgiumThe chief town in Belgium is the administrative seat of each ten provinces. Three of them gave their name to their province (Antwerp, Liege and Namur).
With the Grand Duchy of LuxembourgThe Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg is divided into two districts, three districts, twelve cantons and a hundred and eighteen communes. A commune gathers localities. Each district, district, canton and commune have its chief town . In particular, in each chief town of district there is a police chief of district especially charged to supervise the administration of the communes.
In FranceThe chief town of department , commonly known as Prefecture, is the city where seat the prefect of the department and where are generally installed the services directly under his dependence, in a building him also called prefecture. In each French Area, one of the departments has preeminence on the others, and its prefect carries the title of prefect of area X…, prefect of the department Y… and the city where it seat is described as chief town of area or, commonly, regional headquarters , services however being ensured by the prefecture of the department.
The chief town of district , commonly known as Sub-prefecture, is the city where seat the sub-prefect of the Arrondissement, and where are generally installed the services directly under his dependence, in a building him also called sub-prefecture. The district where the prefecture of the department is does not have a sub-prefect nor of a sub-prefecture, the administration while being entrusted in general to the general secretary of the prefecture of the department, which makes function of sub-prefect for this district.
The chief town of canton has role only nominal, concerning this administrative subdivision of the department which the French Canton represents. It is in general the most populated common canton, and no specific service is formally attached there. In the decades spent, there existed in all the chief towns of cantons a gendarmerie, a Recette-perception and a District court.
The chief town of commune is the principal locality of the common which gives him its name (the commune of Valdeblore constituting a counterexample), the other localities of the commune being described as Hameau X. The typographers of the Official journal reserve the Majuscule with the article preceding the Toponyme with the only localities having row by commune: That corresponds to a commune and That with a hamlet.
The chief town can designer the main city of a province. Thus Noumea is the chief town of the province-South. But the chief town can designer the principal place of a commune. Thus, Wé belongs to the commune of Lifou, but it is the chief town of the latter. In the islands Honesty and the other islands, the name of the chief towns differs from the name of the commune. For the communes of the large ground, the chief town bears the same name as the commune. Noumea is a commune only made up of Noumea.
In SwissThe term chief town is also used to indicate the Capitale of a Swiss Canton. In 16 of the 26 cantons and demicantons, the territory is subdivided in districts. Each district has a named central city chief town of district and a prefect.
In TunisiaThe term chief town is also used to indicate the Capitale of a Gouvernorat. Each of the 24 governorships is subdivided in delegations. Each delegation has a named central city chief town of delegation .
PronunciationIn chief town the F is made hear (as in the word chief itself) contrary to Chef-d'oeuvre where it is dumb.
With the screen
- Been engaged of the pirate is a film of Nelly Kaplan (1969) from which the action occurs in a Hameau where one spends his time being concerned with what one will think of the chief town of the commune.
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