See also: Chateaubriant
Châteaubriant ( Chatiaubriant or Chateauberriant in Gallo and Breton Kastell-Briant in ) is a common French, located in the department of Loire-Atlantique and the area Pays of the Loire. It belongs to the historical Brittany.
The inhabitants of Chateaubriant are called the Castelbriantais and Castelbriantaises .
GeographyChâteaubriant is a medium-sized city which is located in the middle of the great west in the north of the department of the Loire-Atlantique. The city is near large urban poles: to 49 km in the north of Ancenis, 55 km in the south of Rennes, 69 km in the north of Nantes and 73 km in the west of Angers. It was built in a basin in the which master key the river, Expensive the. The remainder of the landscape consists of Colline S constituting the remainders of the central axis of the reliefs of the Armorican Massif Breton. The landscape is with dominant rural favourable with the bovine breeding and the cereal culture.
The name of the city comes from Brient , wire of Lady Innogwen, envoy to build, near the small borough of Béré, a castle intended to continue the fortification of the border of the Steps of Brittany. It built Cover St Saver, the Church St Jean de Béré, and the first castle in 1015.
HistoryThe history of Chateaubriant starts at the beginning of the 11th century when Brient (sent count de Rennes) built a fortress on a mound at the edge of the Expensive one. It founded later the priory Saint-Saver of Béré. A city developed around the castle and was called Châteaubriant.
The fortress belonged to the Marches of Brittany with Vitré, Fougères, border charged to defend the Brittany vis-a-vis the kingdom of France.
After the Revolution, Brutus Hugo, a young republican lieutenant, met a young person castelbriantaise, Sophie Trébuchet. They had a son: Victor Hugo. The house of Sophie Precision balance, still exists, it is located near the Maison of the Angel which shelters the Tourist office now.
In October 1941, 27 hostages (interned by the republican government during the Funny of war or by the police force of Vichy to the autumn 1940) in the Camp of Chateaubriant are delivered to the shot Nazis and , in reprisals of the assassination of Feldkommandant of Nantes the October 20th 1941, the German lieutenant-colonel Karl Hotz. Young person of the 27 hostages, Guy Môquet, was 17 years old. The place of the execution, known since under the name of “Career of Shot” is one of the principal places of memory of the occupation Nazi in the area.
Administration|- | align=right| March 2001 || Alain Hunault ||align=" center" | UMP || |- | align=right| March 1989 || Martine Buron ||align=" center" | PS || |- | align=right| March 1959 || Xavier Hunault ||align=" center" | DVD ||
Two blasonnements are brought back:
Of azure, with three flowers of lily of gold, two and one, broken in heart of a stick shortened and perished in bands of mouths. ( illustrated France , 1882, of Malta-Brown)
Of mouths, sown flowers of gold lily. ( illustrated France , 1882, of Malta-Brown)
The first blasonnement is that of the Bourbon-Cop. The second is that of the weapons conceded by Saint-Louis with the lords of Chateaubriant. The site of the Bank of the Blazon gives blasonnement which makes the synthesis between these blazons: party: with the first of azure to the three flowers of gold lily and to the stick perished in band of mouths, to the second of hermine lime pit; on the whole of mouths sown of flowers of gold lily
- Antenna of the Chamber of commerce and industry of Nantes and Saint-Nazaire.
- Jean of Laval-Chateaubriant
- Jacques Pâris de Bollardière
- Guy Môquet, shot by the Nazis the October 22nd 1941 with 26 other resistant.
- Jean Grandel, mayor of Gennevilliers, shot by the Nazis the October 22nd 1941 with 26 other resistant.
- Jakez Riou
Tourist monuments and places
Castle of Chateaubriant classified historic building.
- Church Midsummer's Day de Béré: parish of the 10th century.
- Career of Shot: memorial evoking the memory of the 27 shot hostages in this place the October 22nd 1941 in reprisals against the execution, two days before, of a ball in the back, the Hotz lieutenant-colonel by three young people " héros" of PCF, in Nantes.
- , to see
- , partnership, to see
- , exchanges
TransportThe Castelbus is the urban means of transport of the town of Chateaubriant. Castelbus, Schedules of bus Chateaubriant
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