Chasséen draws its name from the site of Chassey-the-Camp, locality of Saône-et-Loire, where its elements were described for the first time, by J. Déchelette in 1912. The term is taken again by J. Arnal in 1950 to indicate the whole of the productions of what one then called the Western Neolithic era (Windmill Hill, Almeriense, Michelsberg, Lagozza, Cortaillod, etc). Quickly, this definition too including is revised by R. Riquet (1959) which retains the label chasséenne only for the productions of the French average Neolithic era. One distinguishes since southernmost Chasséen (the Midday-Pyrenees, Auvergne, Languedoc, Roussillon, Provence, the Rhone-Alps, Ligurie and north of Italy) and septentrional Chasséen (Picardy, north of Paris).
Chronologically, its datings are between 4300 and 3 500 years front J. - C. the chasséens were pastors and farmers, produced a Poterie little decorated good quality but, and occupied large the Plaine S and plates. They did not have any Métallurgie (appeared later, at the end of the Neolithic era) but controlled particularly the work of the Silex imported outcrops bédouliens of the Monts of Vaucluse and output by pressure in the form of plates. They lived in houses (of which some manufactured starting from raw bricks) gathered in villages and they had worked out an enough system of social organization.
An example of establishmentThe excavations on ZAC from Bercy in Paris, put at the day the presence of a village of the period chasséenne (between 4 000 and 3 800 av. J. - C.), established on left bank of the old arm of the the Seine, revealing an archaeological furniture exceptional: dugouts of Wood, potteries, arcs and arrows, Tool S in Os and stone.
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