Charles Lucien Bonaparte
See also: Bonaparte
Charles Lucien Bonaparte, prince de Canino and Musignano are one of the nephews of Napoleon Bonaparte, it is known for its work of Zoologie, born the May 24th 1803 with Paris and dead the April 29th 1857 in this same city.
BiographyHe is the oldest son of the marriage in second weddings of Lucien Bonaparte (1775-1840), brother of the Emperor and Alexandrine Jacob of Bleschamp (1778-1855).
In 1804, its family goes to Rome to put itself under the protection of the Pape. It is in this country, that the young Charles discovers the Natural history and particularly the Ornithologie of which it will become one of the most famous specialists in its time.
He marries with Brussels his cousin Zénaïde Bonaparte, girl of Joseph Bonaparte the June 29th 1822 of which he had three wire: Joseph-Lucien Bonaparte, Lucien-Louis Bonaparte and Napoleon-Charles Bonaparte.
It leaves to settle with the the United States where already his/her father saw. Of 1823 with 1826, it takes an active part in the life of the scientific community of Philadelphia where it publishes its first article in 1824.
It publishes, of 1825 with 1833 four volumes of sound American Ornithology (Philadelphia, 1825) and Ornithology off the North America (1826). At the time of its stay with Rome, it had begun a study of the Vertébré S of Italy. It finishes it and publishes it 1832 with 1841 under the title D ` Iconografia della Fauna Italica . It publishes Ornithologie compared of Rome and Philadelphia , Rome, 1828; Classification of the vertebrate animals , 1831; the Italian Fauna , 1833 - 1841 Italian all written in .
With died his father, he inherits the title of prince de Canino. Its democratic ideas, undoubtedly reinforced by its experiment in Philadelphia, make him take an active share in the Roman insurrection of 1847 - 1849. He becomes the vice-president of the legislative council but the defeat of the republicans following French forwarding forces it to leave in exile in 1849, initially with Leyde then, in 1850, in Paris.
It becomes corresponding Institut of France. He discovers and names many species. He creates in particular the order of the monotrèmes.
Six species of birds bear in French his name: Tinamou de Bonaparte ( Nothocercus bonapartei ), Gull of Bonaparte ( Larus philadelphia ), Caïque de Bonaparte ( Pionopsitta pyrilia ), Goat-sucker of Bonaparte ( Caprimulgus concretus ), INCA de Bonaparte ( Coeligena bonapartei ) and Swallow of Bonaparte ( Delichon dasypus ).
Three species of birds make him honor in their scientific name: Tinamou de Bonaparte ( Nothocercus bonapartei ), INCA de Bonaparte ( Coeligena bonapartei ) and Barbican with gray throat ( Gymnobucco bonapartei ).
- Michael J. Brodhead (1978). The Works off Charles Lucien Bonaparte in America, Proceedings off the American Philosophical Society , 122 (4): 198-203.
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