Carl Hermann (June 17th 1898 - September 12th 1961), German professor of crystallography, was the inventor (with Charles Victor Mauguin) of an international system of notation of the crystalline systems.
Born in the port city from Wesermünde in the north of the Germany parents both resulting traditional religious families, it obtained its doctorate of the Université of Göttingen in 1923, as raises max Born and fellow student of Werner Heisenberg. With Paul P. Ewald with Stuttgart between 1925 and 1935, it developed the field of the Cristallographie, in particular the study of the groups of space, and started what will become later the Structure Carryforwards , a series of documents giving the determination of all the crystalline structures known.
When the Nazi party reached the capacity, he refused the political restrictions on the academic stations, resigning to occupy a post of physicist in the industrial society of dyes I.G. Farbenwerke with Ludwigshafen, where it continued its crystallographic research and studied the Symétrie in spaces of higher size. During the war which followed, him and his Eva wife helped many Jews to hide and escape from the persecution and dead the, which was worth to him to spend much time in prison and to be condemned to death. As it was an eminent scientist having influential friends, the sentence was never applied and he survived.
After the war, he briefly taught with the University of Technology of Darmstadt. Then, in 1947, it took the pulpit lately created of crystallography to the Université of Marburg, where he became director of the Institute of Crystallography and remained until his death.
As a active Quaker and having a gift for the languages, it devoted much time to promote the reconciliation between the people.
In August 1994, the German Company of Crystallography (DGK) created the Médaille Carl Hermann, his higher distinction, to reward for remarkable contributions to the science of crystallography.
- IUCr '' Structure Carryforwards '' Online
- Biography At University off Marburg
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