The capitouls were during all the Moyen-âge and until in 1789 the municipal officers of the town of Toulouse. Establishment of the Parliament of Toulouse at the 14th century, tiny room of much their authority. The November 17th 1400, Capitouls of Toulouse obtain from the king Charles VI to be again twelve. With the French revolution, the capitoul is dissolved at the same time as the Parliament of Toulouse.
HistoryThis institution dates from the count Alphonse the Jordan, the son of Raymond IV of Toulouse. The advisers of the count form with the judges of the count the chapter says the capitolum . This chapter, at the time of the crusades, judges the lawsuits between merchants. The members of this municipal college adopt the title of consuls, then of capitouls.
In 1147, Alphonse the Jordan writes the privileges and fixed with 24 the number of the consuls. There are six districts in Toulouse, it indicates six notable then to shelter and consider the businesses commercial. In 1152, Raymond V writes a charter considered as the first local by-law. The chapter then includes/understands four judges, two lawyers and six capitulary. The capitulary ones seize little by little the power by eliminating lawyers and judges and, in 1188, the capitouls benefit from a war between Raymond V of Toulouse and the king of England and Aragon to tear off autonomy. The count confirms the capacity of the consuls to crowd in front of the square of the Saint-Pierre church of the Kitchens. The consuls have from now on the justice and policing powers, the lawful capacity, the capacity to fix and raise the Impôt S, the capacity to manage a Milice and to make the Guerre. The count Raymond V capitulates and the consuls swear fidelity to him. It is the installation of the capitouls .
Into 1438, the city is divided into eight capitoulats. The capitouls are elected on November 25th and this for one year. In 1645, the king names since Paris the capitouls in spite of the remonstrances of the city which estimates that it can it only elect its magistrates. In 1692, the king wants to impose perpetual capitouls but, in 1700, the system returns to its traditional organization.
September 14th 1789, the capitoulats are replaced by fifteen sections and the capitouls are removed. The new assembly comprises nevertheless the noble ones and of the middle-class men. It is Joseph de Rigaud which is elected mayor on February 28th 1870.
CapitoulatsThe city is divided into eight capitoulats and each Capitoul raised a color according to the district which it represented:
- the district of Sea-bream in green and white,
- the district Pierre Saint-Géraud in black,
- the district of Saint-Etienne purple,
- the district of Dalbade incarnates some,
- the district of the orange Pont-Vieux,
- the district of Saint-Sernin in yellow,
- the district of Saint-Pierre of the Kitchens in blue,
- the district of St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre in amaranth.
List old capitouls
- Pons of Villeneuve, capitoul in 1147, married to Mabrianne de Caraman
- Raymond de Puybusque, knight with pennon of the count de Toulouse, capitoul in 1222
- Hughes de Pallays, knight, capitoul in 1277
- Adhémar d' Astorg, capitoul in 1298 and 1313
- Raimond Ysalguier, changer, deceased in 1337
- Bernard Garraud, capitoul in 1336
- Jean de Varagnes, capitoul in 1411
- Antoine de Tournemire, capitoul in 1472
- Etienne de Polo, law professor, capitoul in 1512
- Antoine d' Anticamareta
- Raimond Beccaria, governor of Turin, capitoul in 1523, married to Anne d' Anticamareta
- Jean de Cheverry, married in 1526 in Anne de Lancefoc
- François Beynaguet, capitoul in 1521
- Jean de Bernuy, merchant of garance, capitoul in 1532, makes build the Hôtel of Bernuy, died in 1556 with the bullfight organized in an enclosure of the Jacobins
- Pierre Delpech, merchant of garance, capitoul in 1534, makes build the Hôtel Delpech
- Pierre d' Assézat, wire of Christmas and of Anne Delpech, merchant of garance, capitoul in 1552, huguenot, deposed then rehabilitated, died with the Hotel of Assézat which it made build
- Raymond Aliès, doctor in right, capitoul in 1539
- Pierre Lancefoc, capitoul in 1541
- Jacques d' Alary, capitoul in 1543
- François Delpech, capitoul in 1562, rebuilt the castle of Lacroix-Falgade in 1574
- Henri of Faur, lord of Labastide and Tarabel, capitoul in 1603
- Guy of Faur, baron de Pibrac, small son of humanistic the Guy Of Faur de Pibrac (1529-1584), capitoul in 1646
- Antoine Crozat, capitoul, deceased in 1690, father of the banking richissime Antoine Crozat
- Albert de Polier, lord of Bellefon,
- François de Boutaric, celebrates law professor, capitoul in 1707
- François-Joseph de Cormouls, Maire of Castrate, capitoul in of 1707
- Guillaume de Périer, Viscount of Grèzes, baron de Mirandol, lord of Puylaurent, capitoul in 1768… born in 1720 in Chasseradès (Lozere) of Charles de Périer, clothier in Florac, lawyer at the Parliament of Paris, secretary of the king, farmer general, deceased in his private mansion street of Vrillière in Paris.
- Pierre de Madron, known as " the vieux" , capitoul in 1546 and 1548
- Pierre de Madron, known as " the jeune" , lord of Jean Saint of Herm, capitoul in 1561 and 1568
- Louis de Madron, lord of Roquebrune, capitoul in 1637
- Family Allied, a family which provides several capitouls to the town of Toulouse.
- 1773 of SOLIRENE Jean, Joseph Timothée capitoul of Toulouse, Prosecutor of the King with Mauvezin Co-lord of Taybosc and Esparbès, charged with the hospital, exempted service;
- Family Périer, a family which gave a capitoul of Toulouse in 1764.
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