Canton of Vaud
The canton of Vaud is a Swiss Canton. Its Capitale is Lausanne.
EtymologyThe name comes from the Latin Pagus Waldensis , while passing by the Francoprovençal Vôd .
See also: History of the canton of Vaud
The canton of Vaud formed originally part of the grounds of Savoy, conquered by Bern which supported the Reform started with Pierre Viret. It gained its independence the January 24th 1798 by the work of Napoleon and adhered to the Swiss Confédération the April 14th 1803.
GeographyThe canton of Vaud occupies the major part of the West of the Suisse. Its borders extend from the edges of the Lac Léman with those of the Neuchâtel Lake and the Lac of Morat.
It has international borders with the France in the West (land borders with the department of the Ain) and in the South (border on Léman with the department of the Haute-Savoie), as well as national borders in South-west with the Canton of Geneva, in North with the Canton of Neuchâtel, in the East with the cantons of Freiburg and Bern, and in South-east with the canton of the Valais.
One finds two assembly lines, the the Jura in the West and the the Alps in South-east.
See also: Political of the canton of Vaud
CommunesThe 381 common of the canton are distributed in 19 districts, which were altered (mainly by fusions) in 2006.
The smallest commune of the canton is Rivaz (32 hectares), largest is Castle-D' Œx (11 376 hectares), followed commune of Chenit (9 922 hectares). The most populated commune is the capital Lausanne with 123.900 inhabitants, followed Yverdon-the-Baths with 23.991 and of Montreux with 22.831. The least populated commune is Goumoens-le-Jux with 29 inhabitants.
The mayor of a locality is called the syndic .
DistrictsList Districts of the canton of Vaud
Evolution of the population of the canton of Vaud of 1999 to 2005:
Source: OFS - State of the population and demographic trends - Analyzes
The great majority of the population of the canton is French-speaking.
SportThe bosom is a sporting event of the canton of Vaud.
- In 1997, the championships of the artistic world of gymnastics were held with Lausanne.
- the illustrated Encyclopedia of the Country of Vaud, in 12 volumes
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