See also: Cabaret (homonymy)
In France during the Beautiful Time, one attends the creation of café concerts which make it possible to abolish, for a time, the social barriers. The prices being low, one meets there rich person like Ouvrier S. The most famous café concerts in France were the black Cat and the Folies Shepherdess. These coffees made restaurant, café concert, Théâtre, etc
The black Cat was one of the first artistic cabarets. It was created in 1881 by Rodolphe Salis with Montmartre (district of Paris at the time very popular in the artistic mediums, intellectuals, and tourist). This coffee had a great success and was attended by personalities of the time (Alphonse Allais, Jean Richepin, Aristide Bruant, Paul Delmet, etc).
The black Cat represented, for its customers (ladies of the company, tourists, bankers, doctors, artists, journalists, etc) a place where they could escape from their work. But it had to close its doors in 1887, because the recreation started to seem vulgar and because of the bad situation of the economy.
On the other hand, the Folies Shepherdess remained open until the beginning of the 20th century and continued to attract many people, even if this cabaret were more expensive than the others of the same kind. The customers felt there free: they could keep on their hat in the coffee, speak, eat, smoke when they wanted it, etc They were not to yield with social rules.
As much of café concerts, the Madnesses Shepherdess presented varied numbers: one showed there singers and dancers, jugglers and clowns, etc One saw there sensational characters (like the Burmese family, of which all the members wore a beard). The cabaret proposed also numbers of Cirque which impressed the spectators, attracted especially by the danger (indeed, it happened that the Lion S kill the trainer). But the scene was not the only entertainment. The customers who did not look at the spectacle trotted, met friends, prostitutes, etc
At the beginning of the 20th century, with the approach of the First World War, the prices increased and the cabaret became reserved with richest.
More recently, one witnesses a rebirth of the cabaret in the form of the Café-théâtre. Appeared in Paris in the plentiful years 1970, this concept was spread in all France. Alternating the periods of great success and thin cows, these modern cabarets resisted time well and saw the blossoming of a whole generation of humorists and actors. One of most famous is the Théâtre of the Point Comma, in Paris.
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