This page relates to the year 1947 Gregorian Calendrier. __TOC
- February 23rd: Creation of the International organization of standardization (ISO) to Swiss Geneva, .
- April 4th: Creation of the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) whose seat will be established with Montreal with the Quebec.
- October 30th: Creation of GATT: general agreement on the customs tariffs centered on the clause of the most favoured nation (come into effect on January 1st 1948).
- February 10th: Treaty of Paris. Peace treaties with the allies of the Germany, the Bulgaria, the Finland, the Hungary, the Italy and the Romania. All these countries must give up the atomic bomb.
- Italy east forced with territorial transfers (Istrie, part of the Venezia Julienne, Trieste).
- the treaty settles the question of Trieste: a frank territory is put under control of UNO, the United States and Great Britain manage a zone which includes/understands the town of Trieste and the Yugoslavia a smaller zone (Zone B).
- the Romania is forced to give up its rights on the Bessarabia and the Bucovine of North, with the profit of the USSR, like on the southernmost Dobroudja, with the profit of the Bulgaria, but recovers the septentrional Transylvania. The payment of war reparations is imposed to him.
- the Soviet army remains in Hungary.
Optimum of the estival temperatures (1947, 1949). Paroxysm of the dismantling of the glaciers in the the Alps.
- January 1st: Installation of the bizone. Coming into effect of the américano-British agreement on the economic fusion of the two zones of occupation.
- February 5th: Hanging of the commander of the camp of Theresienstadt, considered to be responsible for died for 20 000 Jewish. The day before, several members of the personnel of the camp of Ravensbrück were condemned to death.
- March 10th - April 24th: Failure with Moscow of a conference of the four on Germany (George Marshall, Ernest Bevin, Viatcheslav Molotov and Georges Bidault), with for objective preparing a peace treaty with Germany and Austria. France joined the position of the the United States and the the United Kingdom (April 24th).
- April 2nd: Death sentence of Rudolf Höß, old ordering concentration camp of Auschwitz.
- May 28th: The Anglo-American ones create in their zone of occupation an economic council elected, equipped with certain legislative powers. The bases of a German State start to be set up.
- November 25th - December 18th: Failure of the conference “of the last chance” joining together with London the four powers occupying Germany and Austria to prepare peace treaties.
- December 15th: The the Saar is detached politically from Germany. The foreign politics and defense will be dealt with by France.
- January 19th: The “Polish democratic block” obtains 90% of the voices to the legislative elections. The Block is consisted the socialist party, the Communist party (left working Polish) and the democratic party of Wladyslaw Gomulka. Decided to introduce a socialist mode, Gomulka makes a point of preserving all its liberty of action within the Polish government. It resists the judéo-Stalinist injunctions.
- February 7th: The Communist Bolesław Bierut is elected president of the Polish Republic. He names the Socialist Joseph Cyranliewicz president of the Council.
- February 17th: First emissions of the radio the Voice of America bound for the USSR.
- June 6th: Beginning of the elimination of the opposition in Bulgaria. The chief of the agrarian party is stopped and 22 deputies are deposed of their mandate.
- July 2nd: The USSR announces that she refuses the Marshall plan.
- August 16th, Bulgaria: The chief of the Bulgarian agrarian party is condemned to died and the party is interdict at the end of the month.
- September 22nd: then exposed Doctrines Jdanov during the meeting of Szlarska-Poreba in Poland (September 30th - October 5th).
- October 5th: Creation of the Cominform “International Communist” to replace the Comintern, during the meeting of Szlarska-Poreba in Poland. It is an office of information charged to coordinate the activities of nine European Communist parties.
In Czechoslovakia, Edvard Beneš, which wished to accept the Marshall plan proposed by the Americans, is constrained to give up it under the pressure of the Soviets. Inside, the fall of influence of the Communists increases the tension with the approach of the elections envisaged in May 1948.
- April: Measurements to control the economy, subjected to which gallop inflation, the black-market and the capital flight: a great ministry for the economy is entrusted to Gheorghiu-Dej, creation of the “industrial offices” for the distribution of the products, law “anti-kulak” in the campaigns, which gives to the State the pre-emption of purchase of the grounds, development of the co-operatives of agricultural machinery.
- June: The Romania refuses the Marshall Aid and the PCR proposes a six months plan aiming at changing the industrial production to 70% of the level of 1938.
- August 15th: A monetary reform (1 leu new for 20 000 lei old) is adopted, diversifying the ceilings of exchange following the social categories: middle-class men and peasants see themselves stripped their liquidities.
- August: the Parti national peasant is prohibited, and its leader, Iuliu Maniu, is condemned to detention with perpetuity.
- November 6th: The last middle-class ministers are eliminated from the Rumanian government. The militant Communist Anna Pauker replaces Tǎtǎrescu with the Foreign affairs.
- December 30th: Abdication of the king Michel Ier of Romania and proclamation of the Popular republic of Romania.
- January: Action of the Hungarian political police, the AVO, then AVH. She exerts initially against the war criminals and the fascists, then against all the “interior enemies” and other “suspects”, indicated by the direction of the Communist party. She denounces “the conspiracy of the Hungarian community”: certain chiefs of the Party of the small holders are accused of conspiracy and decrees by the Communists.
- May 30th: Imre Nagy is obliged to resign. Lajos Dinnyés, another member of the Party of the small holders succeeds to him.
- July: the legislative Parliament is dissolved.
- : Launching of a plan of three years rebuilding.
- August 31st: A new Parliament is elected, dominated by the Communists (22% of the votes), combined to the Socialists. The Party of the small holders, hitherto majority, obtains only 15% of the voices. Coalition government of Dinnyés.
- November 21st: The opposition parties are dissolves.
- March 4th: Treaty of Dunkirk between the France and the Great Britain against any rebirth of German militarism.
- April 20th: Beginning of the reign of Frederic IX of Denmark (fine in 1972).
- April: The law of succession reaffirms the principle of monarchy in Spain.
- June 5th: Marshall plan announces, for the economic rebuilding of the Europe and to fight against Communism (speech of Harvard). The Secretary of State George Marshall proposes in Europe a plan of economic aid and political stability developped at the point by Kennan. This plan could apply in theory to the countries of the Soviet zone of influence. 12,5 billion dollars will be devoted to the rebuilding Europe of April 1st 1948 with the June 30th 1952.
- July 2nd: Conclude conference of Paris on the Marshall plan (beginning the June 27th). The Soviets reject finally the American offer. Stalin gives the order to Western PC to scuttle it.
- July 12th: Opening to Paris of a European economic conference which joins together sixteen countries to prepare a recovery package based on the Marshall plan (fine the September 22nd). A program of rebuilding is worked out and a European committee of economic cooperation is created.
- September 22nd: Adoption of the Marshall plan by the Conference of Paris.
Taken again repression antirépublicaine in Spain (1947-1948).
See also: 1947 in France
- January 16th: Election of Vincent Auriol with the presidency of IVe Republic.
- May 5th :
- Reference of the communist Ministers for the government and end of the three-party government (PCF, MRP and SFIO).
- Dedication of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Marseilles (Rhone delta, France) by the cardinal Castlings, archbishop of Rennes.
- June: Important wave of working strikes.
- very rigorous Hiver which disorganizes the productive apparatus (2,3 million people in layoff in February) and weakens the economy. The balance of payments deficit reaches 582 million £.
- February: Nationalization of the electrical production.
- the convertibility of the Pound sterling restored the July 15th must be suspended the August 20th.
- November 13rd: The replacement of Hugh Dalton by Stafford Cripps with the chancellery of the Chess-board announces the return to a more orthodoxe policy of control of the expenditure. The Labor left wing, which considers the government policy too on the right, constitutes the “ Keep Left Movement ”.
- November 20th: Celebration with the Abbey from Westminster in London of the marriage of the princess Elisabeth of the United Kingdom and the lieutenant Philippe Mountbatten.
- December 17th: The British courts rule that the use of contraceptive apparatuses can justify a demand for annulment of marriage.
Modification of the preserving doctrines in 1947-1948 by the adoption of “charters” (Charters of industry, agriculture, the empire) by which the party adopts the principal reforms, in particular to a moderate interventionism of the State in the name of the full employment.
January 11th: Congress of the Italian Socialist party with Rome. The party of Pietro Nenni divides. Giuseppe Saragat, Socialist proaméricain, who opposes collaboration with the Communists, founds the Parti social democrat Italian (40 deputies out of 116 follow it).
- January 20th: Pietro Nenni having resigned of the government to devote itself to the life of the socialist party, the president of the Council Alcide De Gasperi present at its tower its resignation and forms a new cabinet with the participation of the Socialists and the Communists the January 30th.
- February 10th: Italy east forced with territorial transfers with the treaty of Paris 10/02 (Istrie, part of Venezia Julienne, Trieste).
- May 31st: After having excluded from the government the communist ministers under the pressure of the pope and the United States, Alcide De Gasperi form a homogeneous cabinet Christian-Democrat. Although minority, it obtains confidence by 274 votes against 231 (June 21st).
- August 22nd: The Minister for the budget Luigi Einaudi imposes a plan of austerity. The drastic restriction of the bank credit and the food imports stops the Black-market and the race with the credit, source of inflation.
- September 16th: Burden with 850 000 metallurgists.
- September 19th: End of a strike of an agricultural million workers, with which the claims were satisfied.
- December 22nd: The constituent Assembly approves the Constitution by 453 votes against 62.
- February 2nd: Resumption of the engagements between royalists and Communists in Thrace, Macedonia and Thessalie.
- February 28th: The Britanniques require of the assistance of the Americans for the civil war in Greece.
- March 3rd: The government asks for the assistance of the United States to fight against the communist guerilla.
- March 12th: President Truman requests from the Congress the granting of an economic aid and military in Greece and the Turkey.
- 74 000 tons of material soldier are sent in Greece by the United States in the last five months of the year. Two hundred and fifty military instructors ordered by the general James Van Fleet involve the Greek army. Van Fleet initiates the policy of expulsion forced of thousands of Greeks of their area of origin towards the campaigns to weaken and isolate the rebels.
- In October, creation of the army democratic of Greece (communist) and taken again civil war.
- November 15th: General offensive against the Communists. A command gréco-American is created.
- February 10th: The Italy gives up its rights on the Libya.
- Night of the 29 - March 30th: An insurrectionary rising started by the nationalists activists bursts with Madagascar against the French colonial mode. Hundred fifty French colonists are killed. The government Ramadier answers by a military repression which makes several tens of thousands of deaths. Raised parliamentary privilege of the Malagasy deputies members of the Democratic movement of the Malagasy restoration (MDRM), which east dissolves.
- September 27th: Adoption of the Statute of the Algeria which sets up from now on a group of three departments profiting from the civil personality and financial autonomy. The general government is maintained. The Algerian Parliament, with the limited capacities, will be elected by two distinct colleges (citizens of French civil statute and Moslems comparable on the one hand, Algerians having preserved their personal status on the other hand).
- September: The French Sudan is fixed definitively in its current borders, with the reconstitution of the old colony of the Upper Volta.
- December: Kwame Nkrumah, invited to take the direction of the United Gold Coast Convention, returns to the country after twelve years of absence.
the France installs a secret base of tests of rockets, close to Hamaguir (Algérie).
- trade-union Conference of Dakar under the aegis of the CGT.
- Strike of the railwaymen Malians and Senegalese of the Railroad of Dakar-Niger.
- Strike in Gold Coast.
- Strikes with the Kenya and the Tanganyika.
- the Tanganyika is under the supervision of the the United Nations.
- Refusal of a new Constitution by the creole minority in Sierra Leone.
- Mission with London of the Nigerian Nnamdi Azikiwe, founder of the National Council off Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC). It adheres to the federalistic program of the West African National secretariat.
- AOF : Decennial plan of Modernization and Equipment. Creation of the FIDES (Funds of investment and economic development and social of the overseas territories).
- Algeria: Arabic secondary education is exempted at the Institute Ben Babis of Constantine. To follow an Arabic higher education, the young Algerians must go to the universities Tunis, Cairo, of Damas and Kuwait, regarded about 1950 as most modern.
- Abolition of the calls to the private Council of London (Privy Council) out of civil matter with the Canada.
- Discovered important layers of Oil to the Canada.
the United States
- January: After the failure of one of a mission of conciliation of the general Marshall, the administration Truman gives up saving the China against itself
- February 22nd: Harry Truman Loyalty Program : beginning of the investigations into the communist infiltrations in the American administration.
- March 12th: Truman doctrine intended to dam up the expansion of Communism in Europe (political of containement). President Truman requests from the Congress the granting of an economic aid and military to the Greece and the Turkey in substitution of Great Britain. Other States should be able to profit from it.
- March 22nd: Program “honesty and of safety” intended inter alia moving away the liberal voices from the radicals.
- April 10th: Ronald Reagan, president of Screen Actors Guild, agrees to denounce with FBI any communist activity within the organization.
- May 25th: Vote National Security Act which reorganizes the Army, the Navy and Aviation and creates National Security Council equipped with an agency charged to coordinate the activities of information, the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency).
- June 4th: Law antigrève of Taft-Hartley voted by the Congress in spite of the veto of Truman.
- June 19th: The gangster Bugsy Siegel is assassinated in the residence of his boyfriend, the actress Virginia Hill.
- June 24th: the business man Kenneth Arnold observes nine flying objects that he does not manage to identify and consequently launches the modern era of the flying saucers.
- July 5th: Larry Doby becomes the first black player to take part in a match of the American League of baseball.
- July 26th: Creation of the CIA.
- September: Beginning of the interrogations on the anti-American activities (end in April 1948).
- 4,3% of average annual growth rate in 1947-1952.
- Construction of the first “Levittown” (quoted suburban).
- February: Leonardo Arguello is elected president with the Nicaragua (beginning of mandate on May 1st. Somoza preserves the title of Jefe director of Guardia , the police force of the mode. When Arguello requires the resignation of Somoza, it is immediately replaced by a cousin of Somoza, Benjamín Lacayo (May 27th) then by Víctor Román Reyes (August 15th).
- Argentinian February 24th, : Declaration of the rights of the worker. It does not include/understand the Right to strike.
- July 9th: Declaration of economic independence in Argentinian.
- August 2nd: Luis Batlle Berres is elected president in Uruguay.
- August 15th: Inter-American conference for the maintenance of peace and the collective security with Rio de Janeiro (fine the September 2nd).
- August 23rd: In Ecuador the populist leader Velasco Ibarra is reversed by a coup d'etat which carries to the capacity Carlos Mancheno Cajas.
- September 2nd: Signature of the pact of Rio by the worldwide American except for the Canada, of the Ecuador and the Nicaragua allowing these countries a reciprocal assistance and facilitating the domination of the United States on its continent during the cold war.
social Agitation with the Chile. The president Videla issues the State of siege and demolishes his communist ministers in April. The Communist party obtains 18% of the votes to the local elections.
- the Communist party is declared illegal with the Brésil.
- Inauguration of the large steel-works of Volta Redonda with the Brazil. It makes it possible the country to develop a national auto industry.
Asia & Indian world
- : With the Japan, a general strike envisaged by several organizations is prohibited by the general MacArthur.
- March 19th, China: The nationalist troops seize the communist capital, Yenan.
- April 9th: Departure of the American troops which supported the Chinese nationalists.
- October 8th: The Japanese Diet adopts the new Constitution.
- October 28th: Tchang Kaï-chek takes the direction of military operations against the communist offensive in the Jiangxi.
- Japan: Vote for all extended to the two sexes. Fundamental law on education, organizing an university course with American; systematic decentralization.
Of the separatist disorders bursts in the east of Java in the populations Soundanaise. Their leader, Souria Kartelegawa, intends to create a dependant autonomous Republic with the Netherlands. The negotiations for payment of the economic questions and for the application of Linggajati approval trail in length.
- June 20th: The Prime Minister Sjahrir resigns and is replaced by Amir Sjarifuddin the July 3rd. Many incidents occur between the Dutch troops and indonésiennes.
- July 21st: Pretexting violations of Linggajati approval, the Dutchmen launch an attack against the republic (“police operations”) and extend their control on two thirds of Java, the large plantations and the oil fields of Sumatra.
- : Protests with the the United Nations lead to the formation of a Commission of the Good officess of UNO, which governs the signature of the agreements of Renville between the two parts (January 17th 1948).
- April, Burma: The LAFPL of Aung San gains, with the elections, 196 of the 202 seats of the constitutional Parliament.
- April 25th, Vietnam: Ho Chi Minh calls with negotiations with France. During the summer, he seeks a compromise and alters his government by eliminating the extremists (three Communists only in the government).
- June 16th: Independence of the Burma, without bond none with the the Commonwealth (official the January 4th 1948).
- July 19th, Burma: U Saw, a nationalist political rival, makes assassinate the Prime Minister Aung San with six members of the Executive council. This same day, the order of the armed communist insurrection arrives from Moscow and Beijing via Calcutta. U Naked, former leader studied, called to direct AFPFL and the government, succeeds Aung San (January 4th 1948). It stabilizes the situation (1949 - 1958).
- October 9th: A military junta carried out by Phibun takes the control of the government in Thailand and remains with the capacity, except a short interlude at the beginning of 1948, until in 1957. Under its dictatorial authority, Thailand maintains close relations with the United States and the United Kingdom.
- December, Vietnam: The French government chooses to negotiate with the emperor of Annam, Bảo Đại.
the Laos becomes a constitutional monarchy.
- March 24th: Lord Mountbatten becomes viceroy of the Indies.
- Mountbatten is sent in India to negotiate independence with Gandhi, Nehru and Jinnah. These negotiations lead to the partition of the India and the Pakistan, while the confrontations become endemic with the Panjâb. In exchange of the creation of a Moslem State separated, Mountbatten must agree the claim of the Congress to divide Panjâb and the Bengal. The capacities are transferred to the Parti from the Congress and the Moslem Ligue. The other Hindous parties are ignored.
- May 29th: The constituent Assembly Indian removes the intouchability.
- 14 - August 15th, midnight: India Independence Act envisaging the partition of India. The India and the Pakistan are declared dominions independent in the the Commonwealth. A few days later, of the massacres start in causing Panjab between Moslems of the massive exoduses.
- the question of the 554 princely States is easily solved with three exceptions meadows: the Junâgadh, the Hyderabad and the Cashmere. Junâgadh, in the Gujarat, is a small State which has a Moslem sovereign and a population of 700 000 inhabitants with Hindu majority. A popular rising makes it possible India to integrate it in its territory the February 10th 1948.
- the nizâm, sovereign Moslem of Hyderabad which reigns on 17 million Hindu inhabitants with majorities, refuses to join India. The Indian government will pretext carried out of a Moslem militia which terrorizes the population to launch an military operation which ends in the capitulation of Hyderabad the September 17th 1948.
- the Maharajah of the Cashmere signs an agreement of status quo in August. In front of the invasion of the tribes Pathan come from Pakistan the August 22nd, it chooses India the October 26th. The intervention of the Indian troops against Pathan degenerates into war against Pakistan (1947-1949). India loses the Gilgit, attached de facto to Pakistan.
- the partition is done according to a majority percentage of the Muslim populations or Hindu women by areas. From 10,5 to 14 million people are moved, 500 000 are massacred or die in the camps.
- November 2nd: Beginning of the conflict enters the India and the Pakistan about the Cachemire. First indo-Pakistani war (end in January 1949).
the Indian Communist party animates a true guerilla in the Telengana, the oriental party of the State of Hyderabad. Hundreds of Soviets are created, which seize the grounds and redistribute them. They do not hesitate to carry out the feudal Moslems.
- Conference of the Asian relations of New Delhi, which poses the principles of “the afro-asiatism”: non-alignment, fight against the imperialism, support with the liberation movements main road, search for an economic revival.
- Nepal: after the independence of India, the hereditary government of the Rânâ is the object of an increasing dispute. The king Tribhuvana Bir Bikram, favorable to a democratization of the mode, approves the creation of the Party of the Nepalese Congrès (PCN), founded the January 25th.
- With the accession with the independence of India and Pakistan, the Afghanistan request behavior of a referendum of self-determination in the province of the border of the North-West, populated primarily Pachtouns. The tensions between the two countries persist during several years. Sporadic confrontations take place between the Pakistani armed forces and of the members of the tribe pachtoune which had created, with the approval of the Afghan government, an independence movement decided to establish a State under the name of Pachtounistan or Pathanistan.
Oceania & the Pacific
- the government Australia N launches a vast program of immigration planned; he recommends the arrival of ten immigrants of anglo-Celtic origin for each “foreign” immigrant. The little of candidates originating in British Isles will oblige it to re-examine its claims with the fall and to accept the arrival of hundreds of thousands of migrants coming from the Netherlands, of Germany and France, then of Italy, Yugoslavia, Greece and many other Mediterranean countries. In the middle of the Sixties, the doors open with the countries Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
- the Australia account 7,4 million inhabitants, in which more than 70% are originating in Great Britain and Ireland. Six million migrants settles in Australia as from 1946.
The Middle East & Arab world
January, Egypt: The government decides to transmit the question of the British withdrawal to the Safety advice of UNO.
- May: The Lebanese president Béchara el-Khoury handles the elections to obtain a constitutional revision allowing him to exercise a second mandate.
- July, Egypt: An official complaint is transmitted to UNO. But the British are supported by the United States which wishes their presence in the area.
the Iraqi government of Salih Jabr (Shiite) decides to renegotiate the treaty of alliance with the Great Britain.
- February, Conference of London: Ernest Bevin proposes the freedom of Jewish emigration against unit Palestine independent within deadline a five years.
- February 18th: In front of the opposition of the parts, London decides to transmit the file Palestinian to the the United Nations.
- April 2nd: The the United Kingdom relies on the United Nations for the payment of the Palestinian question.
- April 28th: UNO decides the creation of a board of inquiry (UNSCOP) charged to work out it a report/ratio for a vote of the Member States, which arrives to Palestine in June.
- May 4th: Members of the organization Zionist Irgoun attack the prison of Saint-Jean-D' Acre and release 189 prisoners.
- July 18th: The Exodus, which tried to bring in Palestine 5000 clandestine Jewish emigrants, is hailed by the British who return it to France. It is the beginning of one testing tour which will finish in September with Hamburg where the British troops will force the passengers to unload.
- August 31st: The board of inquiry of UNO publishes a report recommending the division of Palestine in two States, Arabic and Jew, and the creation of an international zone including Jerusalem and Bethlehem. She asks an immediate Jewish immigration of 150 000 people. The Mufti of Jerusalem announces its agreement with the solution of the division provided that it takes the direction of the Arab State.
- September 20th: Great Britain decides unilaterally to evacuate Palestine without any transmission of being able.
- November 29th: The plan of division of the Palestine established by UNO, already accepted by the Jewish Agency, the the United States and the Soviet Union, is adopted by the General meeting of the United Nations (33 for, 13 against, 10 abstentions). Two States are created as well as an internationalized enclave with Jerusalem. The project is rejected by the Palestinians and the Arab Pays. The Arabs of Palestine issue a strike. Jewish districts are attacked, involving reprisals on behalf of the radical Zionists. The British authorities refuse to maintain the order.
- November 30th: Beginning of the Civil war of 1947-1948 in Palestine agent.
600 000 Jews in Palestine.
Arts & cultures
- February: first procession of Christian Dior and creation of the New Look which will mark the female fashion of the following years
- April: Opening to Paris in the room of the Play of palm, the museum of Impressionism.
- May 22nd: Creation of the arranges Magnum, co-operative of photographers who counts for founding members Henri Cartier-Bresson, Robert Capa, Rodgers and Seymour.
- June 9th: Inauguration in Paris of the National museum of modern art.
- July 7th: International exhibition of surrealism organized in Paris by André Breton and Marcel Duchamp.
- July 27th: With INCA (Spain, Balearic Islands), alternate of Guillermo Rodríguez Martínez known as “El Sargento”, Peruvian Matador .
- Full Fathom Five , first “drippings” of Jackson Pollock, works carried out while projecting on the fabric of run painting.
- the Swiss architect Le Corbusier begins the construction of the radiant Cité of Marseilles (1947 - 1952), vast building which includes/understands 350 residences distributed out of eight double levels, for which it uses its new system of calculation of the proportions.
Sciences and technology
See also: 1947 in science
See also: 1947 in aeronautics
See also: 1947 in data processing
- : Marcel Cerdan, champion of Europe of the average weights.
- July 20th: The Tour de France cyclist is gained by the French Jean Robic, second the French Edouard Fachleitner and third (+ mountain) the Italian Pierre Brambilla.
- August 22nd: creation of FRRP (French federation of hiking).
- December 5th: The champion Joe Louis preserves his championship of the world of heavy trucks at boxing by beating Jersey Joe Walcott at the points in 15 rounds with New York.
- detailed Article: 1947 in sport
Births in 1947
- January 1st: Vladimir G. Titov, Russian cosmonaut
- January 6th: Andréa Ironwood, French actress
- January 8th: David Bowie, singer, type-setter and British actor
- January 10th: François Diascorn, French photographer
- January 16th: Juliet Berto, director of theater and French director of cinema
- January 18th: Takeshi Kitano, actor and realizer Japanese
- January 19th: Leszek Balcerowicz, politician and economist Polish.
- January 20th: Cyrille Guimard, racing cyclist and sport director French
- January 23rd: Megawati Sukarnoputri woman political, former president of Indonesia, girl of Sukarno
- January 26th :
- February 2nd: Farrah Fawcett, Actress, American
- February 5th
- February 9th: Swiss Carla Del Ponte, magistrate
- February 25th: Doug Yule, singer and American musician
- Brown Paulus, Franco-Belgian sculptor
- March 10th: Kim Campbell, Canadian political woman, former (ten ninth) Prime Minister for the Canada
- March 11th: Tristan Murail, French type-setter of spectral music
- March 15th: Ry Cooder, American producing musician
- March 18th: Patrick Chesnais, French actor
- March 19th: Glenn Close, American actress
- March 24th: Louise Lanctôt, terrorist, Québécois novellist
- March 25th: Elton John, singer and British type-setter
- March 29th: Alexander Viktorenko, Soviet cosmonaut
- March 31st: César Augusto Gaviria Trujillo, president of the Republic of Colombia of 1990 with 1994.
- April 3rd: Giuseppe Penone, contemporary artist Italy N.
- April 5th: Gloria Macapagal-Stream, Filipino political woman, President of the Filipino .
- April 8th: Pascal Lamy, French, old politician European Commissioner, director of the World Trade organization ( OMC ).
- April 12th: Tom Clancy, American novelist
- April 15th: Woolly Wolstenholme, British musician, founder of the group BJH
- April 21st: Iggy Pop, American singer
- April 25th:
- May 1st: Jacob Bekenstein, Israeli physicist
- May 14th: Tamara Dobson, American actress
- May 27th: Alexandra Liana, Rumanian compositrice
- May 28th: Sondra Locke, American actress
- June 16th: - minu, author and Swiss chronicler
- June 18th: Bernard Giraudeau, French actor
- June 19th: Salman Rushdie, British writer of Indian origin, author of the “ satanic Verses ”.
- June 21st: Chirine Ebadi, Iranian lawyer, Nobel Prize of peace 2003
- July 10th :
- July 17th: SAR the duchess of Cornouailles, second wife of SAR Charles, Prince de Galles.
- July 19th: Brian May, British guitarist
- July 20th
- July 24th: Robert Hays, actor, producer and American realizer
- July 26th: Nicole Notat, French personality general ex-secretary of the CFDT and President of Vigeo
- July 30th: Arnold Qualities Schwarzenegger, bodybuilder, actor, politician and American business man
- July 31st: Stone (Stone and Charden) (Annie Gautrat), French singer
- August 11th: Qualities Schloder, German player of hockey.
- August 12th: Jirô Taniguchi, Mangaka Japan board
- August 15th: Sony Casing, American astronaut († April 5th 1991)
- August 19th: Michel Weyland, draftsman and Belgian scenario writer
- August 23rd: Alain Lecoque, exceptional French Doctor.
- September 2nd: Simon Casas (Bernard Dombs), Matador French.
- September 8th: Halldór Ásgrímsson, politician Icelandic
- September 11th: Dámaso González, Spanish Matador .
- September 14th: Jerzy Popieluszko, man of the church Polish († October 19th 1984)
- September 20th: Patrick Poivre d' Arvor, Journalist Presenter TV French.
- September 21st: Stephen King, American writer of Fantastic Horror and
- September 28th: Sheikh Hasina, political woman, former Prime Minister for the Bengladesh
- September 30th: Marc Bolan, British singer, member of the group T-Rex
- October 4th: Julien Clerc, French singer
- October 5th: Brian Johnson, British, singer of the group of hard rock AC/DC
- October 7th: France Gall, French singer
- October 26th: Hillary Rodham Clinton, political Woman American
- October 28th: Henri Michel, French footballer
- Mr. Rhea Seddon, American astronaut
- Kinga Göncz, Hungarian political woman, Foreign Minister of Hungary
- November 12th: Patrice Leconte, French realizer
- November 15th: Beatriz Merino, political woman, former Prime Minister for the Peru
- November 24th: Dwight Schultz, American actor
- November 28th: Michel Berger, type-setter and singer French († August 2nd 1992, 45 years)
- December 5th: Jugderdemidiin Gurracha, Mongolian spationaut
- December 8th: Francis Huster, actor and actor French
- December 11th: Marc Quaghebeur, Belgian writer
- December 21st: Paco de Lucia, Spanish guitarist
- December 23rd: Henri Duvillard, French skier
- December 27th: Abdallah Naaman, writer, historian and university Lebanese
Death in 1947
- January 7th: “El Algabeño” (Jose García Rodríguez), Spanish Matador (° September 21st 1875).
- January 19th: Bombita (Emilio Torres Reina), Spanish Matador (° November 28th 1874).
- January 23rd: Pierre Bonnard, French painter (° 1867, 80 years)
- January 25th: Al Capone, Italian-American gangster (° 1899, 48 years)
- February 11th: Kurt Lewin, psychological American (° 1890, 57 years)
- February 16th: Alexandre Varenne, French politician (° 1870)
- April 7th: Henry Ford, American car manufacturer (° 1863, 84 years)
- April 16th: Rudolf Höß, German, former commander Nazi of the camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau (° 1900, 47 years)
- April 20th: Christian X of Denmark, king de Danemark and of Iceland (° September 26th 1870)
- May 16th: Frederick Gowland Hopkins, physiologist and British chemist (° 1861, 86 years
- August 29th: Handbook Rodríguez Sánchez known as “Manolete”, Spanish Matador (° July 4th 1917)
- September 8th: Victor Horta, Belgian architect (° 1861, 86 years)
- September 15th: Carnicerito de Méjico (Jose González López), Mexican Matador (° March 19th 1917).
- October 20th: Paul Paperboard, French doctor, founder of a natural therapeutic method (° 1875, 72 years)
- November 28th: Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, French soldier, Marshal of France (° 1902, 45 years)
- November 30th: Ernst Lubitsch, American realizer of German origin (° 1892, 55 years)
- February 1st: Aleister Crowley, writer and British occultist (° 1875, 72ans)
- December 7th: Tristan Bernard, French writer (° 1866, 81 years)
Beats-smg: 1947 Be-X-old: 1947 Map-bms: 1947 Simple: 1947 Zh-yue: 1947 年
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