The Bronx is one of the five districts (Borough) of the town of New York to the the United States, with Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island. It coincides with the county of Bronx ( Bronx County ), administrative cutting of the State of New York. In 2000, its population was of 1 332 650 inhabitants. Its name comes from Jonas Bronck, an emigrant Swedish which was the first to colonize this zone. The territory was formerly indicated under the name of Rananchqua by the Amerindian S Siwanoy - a clan of the Lenapes -, then the colonists named it Broncksland or Bronck' S farm , which gave finally The Bronx . The name of the borough is always accompanié of the definite article, while the name of the county east only Bronx .
Bronx is the Borough more in north of the town of New York, and the only one with being located on the continent, since Manhattan and Staten Island are islands with whole share and that Brooklyn and Queens occupies part of Long Island. Bronx is located at the south of the Comté of Westchester. It also includes several small islands, in the East River and the Long Island Sound. Its surface entire surface is of 149 km ², including 109 km ² of emerged grounds and 40 km ² of water. Bronx is the only district of New York to have a fresh water river: The Bronx To rivet .
The majority of the streets of Bronx are numbered, but with the difference of Brooklyn and Queens, the system of Bronx prolongs that of Manhattan. Thus, the classification of the streets starts to 135.
Bronx is served by several underground lines, for the majority air.
The cost of housing is much less low than with Manhattan but one also finds districts cossus, in particular Riverdale and Country Club Estates.
In the beginning the ground is populated by Siwanoy, an Amerindian clan, which founds several villages there.
The territory of Bronx belonged at the origin in the county of Westchester and comprised four cities: Westchester, Yonkers, Eastchester and Pelham. At the 19th century, the district accommodates Protestant, catholic immigrants (Irish and Italian) and one communautée ethnic Noir exit of Haiti and Western Africa. In 1846, a new city, West Farms, were created while being detached from Westchester. Other subdivisions appeared: Morrisiana in 1855 (exit of West Farms) and Kingsbridge in 1873 (exit of Yonkers).
In 1874, the western part of current Bronx (Kingsbridge, West Farms and Morrisania) was transferred towards the county from New York, was followed into 1895 of Westchester and certain districts of Eastchester and Pelham, then of City Island in 1896. The first underground line is installed in 1904. After the annexation by the town of New York, these districts coming from the county of Westchester gathered in 1914 to form the county of Bronx. Years 1920 see the construction of the Yankee Stadium. After the Second world war, the restoration of several districts of Manhattan ( slum clearance ) causes an surge of Blacks and Oporto-Yankees in the already known district for its social problems. Bronx is from now on one of the most sensitive districts of New York or various traffics sully its reputation.
With the census of 2000 there was: 1332650 inhabitants: 463212 households and: 314984 families in Bronx. The population was made up of 30% “White” inhabitants of European origin, of 36% of Afro-Américain S, 3% of Asiatique S, the remainder having other origins. 48% of the city of Bronx are of origin Hispanic. 48% of the population speak English at the house, and 46% speak there Spanish. The other languages or groups of spoken languages with at the house by more than 0,25% of the population of Bronx include: Italian (1,36%), kru, ibo, or yoruba (languages of Nigeria) (1,07%), French (0,72%) and Albanian (0,54%). 30% of the population of Bronx have less than 18 years.
According to the estimates of the Office of the census of the United States, the population of the borough was of: 1361473 people in 2006.
Centers of interest
- the Yankee Stadium, where the team of Baseball plays the New York Yankees.
- the zoo of Bronx, open in 1899.
- the Hall off Famed for Great Americans, first memorial of the kind.
- the botanical garden of Wave Hill
- the Botanical garden of New York, created in 1891, has 48 gardens and collections of plants (rosery, conifers, Japanese garden, herbarium…) as well as a library of 50 000 works. One finds there a zone preserved of the forest original which recovered the whole of New York before the arrival of the first colonists at the XVIIe century.
- an Italian district, around Arthur Avenue.
- the Fordham University, " large école" private catholic, created by the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1841. The vault of the University is a listed monument and shelters the old furnace bridge of the Cathédrale Saint Patrick. The stained glasses were offered by Louis-Philippe Ier, King de France.
Bronx is also the cradle of the music Hip Hop.
Bronx in the popular culture
- Tom Wolfe, to rough-hew It vanities
- Strong Apache: The Bronx
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