Brescia (in French Breach ) is a Italian city of approximately: 190000 inhabitants, located in the province of Brescia, of which it is the chief town, in Lombardy, area of the Plaine of Po, in the North-West of the Italy.
Brescia is known under the name of the Lionne of Italy , qualifier allotted to the poet Giosué Carducci.
The urban surface, which includes also communes bordering, has a population between 350 000 and 500 000 inhabitants, according to the criteria of delimitation.
EtymologyThe name of Brescia is the adaptation in Vénitien lombard Brèsa , itself derived from the longobard Brexia , which finds its origin in the Roman name of the city called colonia civica Augusta Brixia in the honor of Auguste.
This Latin name of Brixia (as its alternative Βρηξία ) is well documented at the time traditional (Catulle, Tite-Live, Pline Old the, etc); it derives from the radical Gallic * brica /* briga (top, hill, height), radical which is found in other toponyms of the Celtic area of influence (Bresse, the Brie, Bressanone, etc).
Honorary titlesThe town of Brescia is
- the third among the 27 Italian cities honoured by a gold medal like “Benemerita del Risorgimento nazionale” (deserving of national Risorgimento) for the highly patriotic acts achieved by the city for the period with the Risorgimento. According to the definition of the House of Savoy, this period is located between the insurrectionary movements of 1848 and the end of the First World War in 1918.
- so decorated with the military decoration for its action during (Resistenza), and in particular of the sacrifice War of liberation of its population and its activity in the fight partisane during the Second world war.
AdministrationAbbreviation (used for the registration of the cars, and the postal address inside the province): BS.
Communes borderingBorgosatollo, Botticino, Bovezzo, Castel Mixed, Castenedolo, Cellatica, Collebeato, Concesio, Flero, Gussago, Nave, Rezzato, Roncadelle, San Zeno Naviglio
- Alessandro Bonvicino (1498 - 1554), painter of the Venetian school of the period of the Rebirth.
- Benedetto Castelli (1577 - 1643), Mathematician, disciple of Galileo.
- Pietro Chiari (1712 - 1785), playwright, novelist and librettist
- Giuseppe Zanardelli (1826 - 1903), politician, President of the Italian Council of 1901 with 1903.
- Girolamo di Romano (1484 - 1566), known as It Romanino, painter born in Brescia
- Didier of Lombardy
- Louis II the Young person
- Arnaud de Brescia
- Niccolo Fontana Tartaglia
- Camillo Golgi (1843 - 1926), born with Corteno in the Province of Brescia, doctor, Nobel Prize of medicine in 1906.
- Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli
- Guido Carli
- the pope Paul VI was born with Concesio, close to Brescia, on September 26th, 1897
- Ettore Bugatti, founder of the automobile company Bugatti gains the 1,2,3 and 4th prices in the Grand Prix of the carriers with Brescia in 1910, then appear named models Brescia in 1913.
- Andrea Pirlo (born on May 19th, 1979) is a football player
- Tito Speri
- Rotonda, the Duomo Vecchio builds on the site of a church of the 8th century
- the prefecture in Broletto, old the palazzo communal
- the castle
- the basilica San Salvatore rebuilt at the 11th century century on a preceding church of the 8th century
- Musées: 4 arts fields and history and 1 natural science field:
- the Tempio Capitolino
- the Museo dell' età Cristiana
- the art gallery Tosio Martinengo which contain works of the school of Brescia
- the Galleria d' Arte Moderna
- Several places (corresponding to the various centers history of the city according to the times)
- “Piazza della Loggia” (place of the cabin), the architectonic whole most homogeneous of the city and a splendid example of place surrounded in style Renaissance ; the principal building is the “Loggia”, today town hall, begun in 1492 pennies the direction of Filippino de Grassi. In order to protect the shops out of wooden located on the left from the place, of the frequent fires, during the 14th century at summer builds a wall with stones of Roman origin found in the trenches for the foundations.
- “Piazza della Vittoria” (place of the victory) is an urban unit carried out in the Années 1930 which takes as a starting point the typical Rationalisme architectonic of the architect Piacentini. The new buildings shelter the hotel of Station and the underground car park most central of the city.
- Diocese of Brescia
- Cathedral of Brescia
Second the most populated city area and third industrial center of Italy.
Presence of manufacturing industries in the fields chemical, textile and metallurgical inter alia.
The origin of the international company Beretta is in the small village of Gardone Val Trompia, in the area of Brescia.
The Wührer establishments produce the oldest beer of Italy since 1829.
Tourism and leisuresBrescia is in the middle of the area of the Italian lakes: Lake Garda also called Benaco and Lake Iseo. The Val Camonica in the north of the city is rich in testimonys of the Préhistoire (many cave paintings). Thirty monuments are quoted among which some are in the course of restoration.
- Drunk: urban and interurban
- Future subway (open in 2011)
- Taxi (of which “collectives”)
- cycle Tracks for bicycle
- Road and highway: in car
- Thousand Miglia, automobile race organized of 1927 to 1957 between Brescia and Rome.
- List of the Italian cities of more than 25.000 inhabitants
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