Polysemous term, the brass band can indicate different musical compositions or various units from musicians of the family of the coppers sometimes accompanied by percussion S.
- In Ethnomusicologie, a brass band is a melody rather disjoins E (without second), generally using the redoubling Harmonique S of a fundamental note; for example, the children's song Jean of the Moon is a brass band.
a brass band is also a Sonnerie, an often short musical sentence, sometimes longer, with one or more voice, being used as signal and played by one or more Musical instruments of the family of the coppers at the time of civil demonstrations (Hunt…) or official (inauguration…) , of religious ceremonies (sacring or crowning…) or military (Commemoration…) . The first warlike ringings of trumpets and brass bands of hunting for the natural horns are quoted by Marin Mersenne in its Harminicorum Libri of 1637, but as of the Moyen-âge, the Enluminure S and the Miniature S of the Manuscrit S, the Tapisserie S, the Sculpture S and the table X testify to the circumstances of the use of these compositions. The Péplum S on the Ancient Rome, the ancient Greece or the ancient Egypt show to us to hear (and) grinds brass bands, interpretation eclectic of the Italian and Hollywood cinema.
generally Symbolizing airs of hunting or military music, it is also a work or part of musical work more specifically composed for coppers or copper the desks of a Symphony orchestra or of harmony. Most famous are extracted from the Aïda of Verdi, from the Troyens of Berlioz or from the Tannhäuser of Wagner, but Monteverdi in its Orfeo , Lully in its Te Deum , Rameau in Castor and Pollux , Mouret royal Fanfares , Zelenka equestrian Fanfares , Méhul the Hunting of the Young person Henri , Rossini Fanfare of hunting , Dukas Fanfare to precede Perished the , of Falla Brass band on the name of Arbos , Ravel Fanfare is a prelude to about it with the Range of Jeanne … and well of others also composed some. The Cinéma in its musics often uses brass bands particularly in films of heroic adventures like the Superman , the Indiana Jones or the Star Wars composed by John Williams.
Musical unitsBy definition, a brass band is a whole of Musicien S whose instruments are exclusively coppers accompanied occasionally by percussions.
- With instruments with natural sounds, it is a unit:
- With coppers of the traditional symphony orchestra (Trumpet S, French horns, Trombone S, tuba) and of the drinking cups, it is a unit often specialized in an active repertory of the Middle Ages at the traditional period, but also playing of the parts of modern music. Its rather current name is Grand whole of coppers .
- With Trumpet S, cornets, Bugle S, French horns, violas, Trombone S, Euphonium S, tubas, saxhorns low and double basses and a very complete desk of percussions, it is an orchestra with winds very running to England, Belgium, Holland and Germany; its name should be orchestra of brass band , but the Anglicism Arm-band is employed more and more. The British film of 1996 the Virtuosos (Brassed Off) evokes the history of an orchestra of brass band of minors taking part in the finale of the English national championship.
By simplification or barbarism, it is also a group of musicians, often déambulatoire and a little heteroclite, made mainly of coppers but also of some wood, in particular of the Saxophone S; their true name should be Harmony-brass band , these formations being intermediate between the Orchestre of harmony and orchestrates it brass band precedent. Their instrumental diversity is often due to the difficulty, in a given sector, to find the whole of the musicians necessary to the realization of an orchestra more structured. In addition sometimes of the instruments of ordinance, (Bugle S, hunting horns, drums…). See also Marching band .
- There exists a strong musical movement in France, since the Eighties approximately, of brass bands known as " the Beautifulones; or quite simply " brass bands étudiantes" (even if with force the members are not any more students for a long time). In addition to the Art schools (more particularly sections of Architecture) much of Universities have their brass band: Power station Lyon, Paris, Nantes, etc, Paris Medicine, Lyon etc, Polytechnic, Bridges and Roadway, Arts Déco Paris, etc, etc… Making known itself by festivals (Montpellier, Fleurance, Crest, Thoissey…), ferias (Vic-Fezensac, Nimes, Dax…), contests of brass bands (Paris, Poitiers, Turns, Rheims,…) the movement brass band attracts new followers, and more and more of brass bands are created without being necessarily resulting from an University or consisted of students. It is a true revival of the popular and festive music whose success growing with respect to the public is undoubtedly with a reaction very strong with respect to the electronic music and dehumanized end of the 20th century and 21e beginning. The repertory of these brass bands is varied and eclectic. It revisits and arranges with its sauce all the musical styles of the panel, rock'n'roll, disco music, of French and international variety, contemporary. The movement tenderait to extend in the United States, in particular by the means of a brass band New-yorkaise, Hungry March Band and the rounds of French brass bands in New York such as the Pustules of Lyon or Ouiches Lorraines of Paris.
Associated terms and expressions
- an arrival in brass band : entry with plume, but sometimes too noisy.
- an alarm clock in brass band : at the origin, dawn serenade given certain feastdays in the honor of somebody, today, noisy and noisy alarm clock.
- a fanfaron : nobody boasting.
- a fanfouille : orchestrates playing extremely and forgery. (Cynical Humor of musician: why a fanfouille plays while going? … to move away from the noise. )
- List of the type-setters for orchestras of harmony and brass band
- List of the orchestras of harmony and brass band in France
- Orchestre of battery-brass band
- Marching band
- Harmony-brass band
- Orchestre of harmony
- musical Confederation of France (CMF)
- French Confederation of the batteries brass bands (CFBF)
- sporting and cultural Federation of France (FSCF)
- Union of the brass bands of France (UFF)
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