See also: Boulogne
Boulogne-sur-Mer (in Dutch: Bonen , in Latin: Gesoriacum ) is a common French, located in the department of the Pas-de-Calais and the area Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
The inhabitants of Boulogne-sur-Mer are called the Boulonnais .
During the French revolution the city was called Port-in-the Union.
- Of gold with three oil cakes of mouths, the escutcheon of mouths in abyss charged with a money swan.
Boulogne-sur-Mer is located at the edge of the Manche, with the mouth of the Liane. Boulogne gave its name to the natural area of the Boulonnais. Belonging under the Old Mode to the province of Picardy, Boulogne is attached since the creation of the Régions of the Program to the area Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
Localities and variations
- Column of the Large army
- the Valley of Denacre
Communes borderingOutreau, Saint-Martin-Boulogne, Portel, Wimille, Wimereux.
- Inhabited originally by Morins, the site of Boulogne is chosen by Jules César to prepare his fleet intended to invade Great Britain. It installs its camp with the current site of the old city, called at this time Portus Itius.
- It is in Boulogne which the tradition allots the tower an extraordinary height… following the example Pharos that, according to Suétone ( Vie of Caligula , chap. XLVI), the emperor Caligula would have made build for a campaign against the Celts of Wales ( Silures ). One generally confuses it with the Tour of Order, or the Old Man , headlight medieval with octagonal section destroys at the 17th century.
See also: Turn of Order
- Boulogne was the seat of a county with the Moyen-âge.
- One of its counts, Eustace II, will invade the England with William the Conqueror and will be the father of Godefroy de Bouillon
- Another, Etienne of Blois will be king of England at the 12th century.
- Alphonse of Portugal, husband of the countess of Boulogne, Matilde II, will be king of Portugal.
- Baudouin of Boulogne, count de Boulogne, brother of Godefroy de Bouillon will be the first King of Jerusalem.
- the January 25th 1308, Marriage of Isabelle de France and Edouard II of England.
- Occupied by the English during first half of the 16th century, Boulogne is released by the troops of Henri II (October 1547) of which before guard is ordered by the marshal Blaise de Montluc. Ronsard referred there in its Anthem of Henri II :
- In 1662, Bolted them, and in particular the peasants, revolt against the capacity of Louis XIV, because of the increasingly heavy tax pressure and the requisitions for the financing of the ceaseless wars. A wild repression falls down on the area, and of many inhabitants of the campaigns are massacred. Three thousand survivors are sent to the galères. It is the revolt known as of the " Lustucrus".
- on June 19th 1800 the first vaccination against the Variole in France was carried out on three little girls of the street of Pipots: Misses Beugny, Hédouin, and Spitalier.
- It is in Boulogne that Napoleon assembled in 1804 the “Large army” or Armée with the coasts of the Ocean; first distribution of the Legion of honor to the camp of Boulogne, on August 16th, 1804.
- the 1899 telegraphic on March 29th first message transmanche without wire of Dover to Boulogne-sur-Mer by Guglielmo Marconi and Edouard Branly
- on September 21st 1909, the captain Ferber, pioneer of the Aviation, is killed at the time of an air meeting.
- In 1914-1918, the city is enough far from the face to be saved but the populations suffer from the war and preserve some visible after-effects on the war memorial. Remain still the deposits of immersed ammunition. During the second world war, the Germans like the Allies save the high city (citadel, ramparts, castle, cathedral, Saint Nicolas's Day church) and the middle-class houses of the old shore. But in 1943 and 1944, the popular quarters close to the port (in particular the Saint-Pierre district) are almost entirely shaved by the bombardments, which explains the typical architecture of after war which characterizes them today.
- With the demolition of the blast furnaces built under the presidency of the general De Gaulle, the after-effects of official industrial development without any ecological concern tend to grow blurred. With missing thus a great part of atmospheric pollution with that of one of the largest littoral factories of France, the mining Company of Ogoué or COMILOG (ferromanganese ex-company of Paris Outreau or SFPO), which produced ferromanganese. The port and its beach a long time were classified as among more polluted of France. In the long term, Boulogne should find the level of " good state écologique" what envisages the European parent directive on water.
- Four white wind mills from now on are established in front of the artificial peninsula and the island where the blast furnaces of Comilog were shaven. The project of establishment of new treatment plants of the fishing resources on the site not having met general adhesion, of the tourist areas are also envisaged there.
Boulogne-sur-Mer is the seat of the Chamber of commerce and industry of Boulogne-sur-Mer Coast of Opal which covers the districts of Boulogne on sea and Montreuil-on-sea. It manages the wearing of Boulogne, the port of Étaples and the marina.
- In 2004, the closing of the blast furnaces of the Comilog put a brake application at the volume of activity of the commercial port. This activity consisted mainly of the reception on the private quays of the factory of Vraquier S of ore. The wearing of Boulogne on Mer then passes in the 20th place port S of trade subways (figures 2005)
Famous characters related to the commune alphabetically
Caius Julius Caesar (Jules César), proconsul
- Alain Bombard, doctor and adventurous
- Constant Coquelin, actor
- Ernest Coquelin, actor
- François Daunou, Politician and Historian
- Pierre Daunou
- Charles Dickens, writer.
- Guillaume Duchenne, Neurologist
- Edouard II of England
- Jacques-Oudart Fourmentin known as " The Baron Bucaille" , corsair, made knight of empire by Napoleon
- Jules de Gaultier, Philosopher
- Alexandre Guilmant, Organist and Type-setter
- Benoit-Agathon Haffreingue, priest and builder of the Cathedral
- Ernest Hamy, anthropologist and founder of the Museum of Holy Ethnography of Trocadéro
- Ide of Boulogne
- Isabelle de France (1292-1358)
- Blaise de Montluc (Lasseran Massencome de Montesquiou d' Estillac and of Monluc), Marshal of France, liberator of Boulogne
- Auguste Mariette, Egyptologist
- Napoleon i, emperor says the Imperial Eagle
- Napoleon III, emperor says the Prince President
- Jules Leleu (1883-1961) celebrates French designer in the field of Art Déco
- Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier will leave Boulogne-sur-Mer in the montgolfier on June 15th, 1785 for the first attempt at overhead crossing of the English Channel, which was a failure.
- Alphonse Pinart, explorer, born with Marchioness and died in Boulogne
- Charles Augustin Holy-Beuve, writer and critical
- Jose de San Martin, general Argentina
- Wild Frederic, inventive Engineer and
- Albert Theisz, trade unionist, member of the Council of the Common of Paris, born in Boulogne in 1839.
- Victoria, queen of the the United Kingdom
- Victor Yvart, agronomist.
Gerard Ansaloni, poet, author, type-setter and orchestrator.
- Maurice Boitel, painter
- Sophie Daumier, actress (1936,2003)
- Jack Lang, politician, appointed
- Olivier Latry, Organist
- Guy Lengagne, politician, author of the " Law littoral " who protects the French littoral
- Marcel and its orchestra, rock'n'roll festive Ska
- Georges Mathieu, painter
- Jean-Pierre Papin, player of Football
- Antoine Pasquier, celebrates doctor, specialist out of opiates Médecine
- Franck Ribéry, player of Football
- Cyrille Magnier, player of Football
- Pierre Reference mark, humorist
- Corinne Touzet, actress
Tourist monuments and places
Boulogne-sur-Mer is classified Ville of Art and History.
the upper town or old city, is indeed built with the site of the Roman camp established by Jules César.
In the " old woman ville" are the Beffroi (11th century, registered on the Liste of the world heritage of UNESCO) which overhangs the city, the palate of Napoleon, of the medieval houses, the Romance Crypte . The cathedral with its dome of more than 100 m in height is seen to km with the round. The dome and the cathedral were built by the abbot Benoit-Agathon Haffreingue at the beginning of the 19th century century between 1836 and 1856. The dome is similar to that of the Church of the Company (Iglesia of Compania) of Guanajuato (Mexico). The cathedral conceals another wonder: the crypt which is largest of Northern Europe and from which the base dates from the Roman epoch. The latter is very impressive with its painted walls of frescos (" grisâtres" of the XIX and medieval paintings).
- Nausicaä National center of the Sea: Center scientific culture and technique devoted to the relation which the Man maintains with the Mer. Aquarium S, exposures on the maritime fauna, exploitation and marine stock management (fishing, Aquiculture, installation of the littoral, maritime transport, exploitation of the mineral resources and energy, tourism…). Its objective is to make discover and like the Sea with the general public, while sensitizing it with the need for a good management of the marine resources.
the Maison of Butter the opposite Nausicaä reconstitutes the typical habitat of the sea fishermen of Boulogne.
the Calvaire of the Sailors is a vault dedicated to the crews of the boats lost at sea. The great procession (sum of money Sunday of August) connects the Martyrdom to the Cathedral.
Boulogne-sur-Mer accommodated the first Universal Congrès of Esperanto from August 7th to 12th 1905 in the presence of Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof, the initator of the Esperanto and with 688 participants of 20 countries and received a great commemorative meeting in March 2005.
Abbey of Oratoriens Saint-Vulmer, Regular Canons 1944: registered voter MH
Abbey and church Saint-Wilmer Buildings containing the remainders of the abbey and the church (cad. 97 (2, rue de Lille), 99 (12, place Godefroy- of-Bubble), 100 (10, place Godefroy- of-Bubble), 101 (8bis, place Godefroy- of-Bubble), 102 (8, place Godefroy- of-Bubble), 103 (1, rue d'Aumont), 104 (3, rue d'Aumont), 105 (6, rue Henry), 106 (4, rue Henry), 107 (3, rue Henry), 108 to 111 (1, rue de l'Oratoire), 112 (7, rue de l'Oratoire), 113 (9, 11 and 13, rue de l'Oratoire)): inscription by decree of January 11th, 1944
Notre-Dame Cathedral (old), including the crypt (cad. AB 28): classification by decree of March 26th, 1982
Belfry: inscription by decree of June 10th, 1926
Vault of Saint-Blood, its enclosure and its grid of fence (cad. AZ 1212): inscription by decree of March 5th, 1990
Castle Extremely known as Barracks of Aumont 1977: classified MH partially
Castle of Aumont: Castle (except classified parts); enclosure of the High-City: inscription by decree of June 10th, 1926; Together frontages and roofs; gate of entry; bridge; low room known as Barbière; windows of the big room to the top of the low room. (cad. AC 206,207): classification by decree of October 6th, 1977
Tower Water says Fontaine Louis XVI, Fontaine of Chefferie: 1945: registered voter MH
- Column of the large army, set up in 1804 on the order of, located very close to Boulogne, with Wimille
Saint Nicolas's Day Church: chorus and transept: inscription by decree of June 10th, 1926
Fountain, against the southern side of the cathedral: inscription by decree of January 16th, 1947
Fountain Louis XVI and house, behind the Gayole door, in the high city intramurally: Fountain, with the frontage of the house which surmounts it and the wall on which she is leant over a 10 meters length approximately on each side of the monument: inscription by decree of October 5th, 1945
Desandrouins Hotel, known as also Imperial palace: Roofs on streets and place (cad. AB 158): inscription by decree of September 20th, 1946; Frontages on streets; staircase with its decorated cage; parts of the first stage with their decoration: dining room, room to be slept and small cabinet; chimneys of the second stage (cad. AB 158): classification by decree of June 27th, 1984
House Of the Crescent: Frontage and porch: inscription by decree of April 5th, 1948
Ouvrage of Entry known as Carries Degrees: 1905: classified MH
Ouvrage of Entry known as Carries Dunes: 1905: classified MH
Gayolle Door: Frontage of the two turns which form the door, other than the interior buildings: classification by decree of June 21st, 1905, modified by decree of November 15th, 1905
Door of the Degrees: classification by decree of June 21st, 1905 Belongs to the ramparts of Boulogne on Mer; The enclosure of the upper town is registered with the castle of Aumont 10 06 1926 (decree).
equestrian Statue of the general Jose de San Martín, along the beach close to Nausicàa
Notre-Dame Vault of Saint-Blood, known as Capelette: 1990/03/05: registered voter MH
hotel of Androuins or Desandrouin, known as Imperial palace: 1984: classified MH partially
house of the Crescent: 1948: registered voter MH partially
work of entry known as carries from Calais, known as carries Neuve, known as carries Flamengue, known as Aubete: 1905: classified MH
Information resulting from: Mérimée, database of the ministry for the culture
- Temporary exhibitions with the Castle-Museum of Boulogne-sur-Mer
- Festival of the Coast of Opal
- Festival data base of Boulogne-sur-Mer
- Camp of Boulogne: reconstitutions of Napoleonean battles in summer
- Festival of the Sea: gathering old gréements
- Contest of violin Yehudi Menuhin
- Festival of the Herring
- Ravelled Saint Nicolas's Day
- Festival of the Guénels to Christmas: this term of Guénel would come from the Early middle ages and would be short cuts of " merry noël": the festival consists of a contest of sugar beet sculpture, then the children walk and request sugar refineries from the passers by chantonnant a traditional song in patois bolted.
songs of the guenels:
O guénel by a p' tit trew, I see you there Ben all the deuw, Maquer of el tart and the gâtiauw, Without me in giving a p' tit morciauw!
Refrain: O guénel, guénel, tou petou petiou, Wash your bowls and liquez your dishes! If vô girls is beautiful, they will be married If they are pon beautiful, they there will be left! And it will tra.
Tit Jesus not' ruffle by there! He will say that O that you make there? I picking of the violets For my p' tites young girls I play of the violin, for the p `tits boys!
O guénel, large' father Barbel It has one came' COM' a barrel It maqué too many beans Of el tart' and pi' of the gatiauws!
origins of the guénels:
The tradition boulonnaise of the guénels would be drawn from the local legend of " Small Pierre" , this little boy, resulting from a very poor family which did not want to pass Christmas without food and which thus defied the dangers of the black night to go to beg with the castle for the lord. He would have crossed the night provided with a lantern cut in a beet.
It is in homage to this legend that according to the tradition, the children bolted cut a lantern in a beet to go to beg for the sugar refineries by singing the song of the guénels.
- Sporting union Boulogne Côte of Maritime Opal
- Olympic stadium Bolted
- Rugby club bolted
- association boulonnaise handball
- philatelic association of bolted
- Boulogne Canoë Kayak
Works of fiction (related to Boulogne)
- the Sergeant Gerard of Arthur Conan Doyle with the Camp of Boulogne
- Adieu my fifteen years of Claude Campagne
- S.O.S Brawler (Cartoon) of Rene Follet (Dupuis) on a tug boat bolted
- to note that Fantômas and the police chief San-Antonio also passed by Boulogne.
- the Captain of Jamboree of Jean-Louis Dubreuil
- the film Muriel, or the Time of a return of Alain Resnais was turned in 1963 in Boulogne-sur-Mer.
CodesBoulogne apour codes:
- BL, according to the List of the maritime districts,
- Common of the Giant Pas-de-Calais
- of North
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