Borgo ( U Borgu in Corsican Language) is a commune of the department of the Haute-Corse and has the row of Chief town of canton.
GeographyLocated in the North-East of the Corsica at approximately 15km at the South of Bastia, the commune of Borgo includes/understands the major part of its surface in plain extending up to the sea level thanks to its cord lagunaire (the Lido of Marana) which separates natural reserve from the pond of Biguglia and the Tyrrhenian Sea. The remainder of its surface is located on a broken and mountainous relief and includes/understands the historical village dominating the plain, located at 320 meters of altitude.
HistoryThe village of Borgo was on several occasions the theater of striking facts in the history of Corsica.
In February 1738, a French task force, under the orders of the general of Boissieux unloads in Corsica on request of Génois. Claiming a disarmament of the Corsicans, the task force undergoes a bitter failure with Borgo in December 1738, called “Corsican Vespers”
October 8th, 9th and 10th 1768, the village is again the theater of resounding “the battle of Borgo ”. During nearly three days, the Corsican troops of Pascal Paoli deliver a fierce combat to the French soldiers stationed at the village. In front of the Corsican attacks, the French troops are seen forced to beat a retreat and start negotiations on October 9th. October 10th in the morning, put in rout, the French garrison of Borgo capitulates and Pascal Paoli obtains his rendering while capturing nearly 50 officers and 500 men, however higher of number and of weapons, thus blocking the projection of the troops of the Kingdom of France.
on July 31st, 1944, the aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupery flies away army ground of Borgo for its last voyage.
Battle of Borgo
With the sights of these successes, Paoli undertook to take again U Borgu, French on standby of reinforcement had been cut off there. The order was given to all the men to go on U Borgu; during this time, Clément Paoli supervised the Corsican backs to prevent that Large-house goes down from Oletta where it had found refuge. The road axes between Bastia and Borgu were supervised by the Corsicans. The Marquis De Chauvelin learned the fate which awaited its compatriots, it sent Large-house towards U Borgu. De Marbeuf and Chauvelin left Bastia with 3 thousand men to move towards the place of the battle. De Ludre and its 700 men cut off in the town of Borgu awaiting the fear with the belly. Paoli excited the heat of its troops with this sentence: " Patriotic, point out you to them Corsican Vêpres, when on this same place you destroyed the French. The honor of the fatherland and public freedom need today all your value. Europe looks at us. "
The combat began on October 8th, 1768 in the morning and lasted 10 hours. As envisaged Large-house ran up against the rock inébranlable that were Clément Paoli and his men. Marbeuf and Chauvelin judged good to beat in retraitre. De Ludre went. Thus Borgu which had seen the defeat of the génois formerly sees the Corsican nation again triumphing. 600 died, 1000 wounded, 600 prisoners (9 guns (3 of bronze) 1 mortar 1700 rifles and ammunition were recovered by Corsican) such was the assessment of the battle.
Powerful Royaume of France surprised by this crushing was demolished, the king even thought has to leave Corsica in peace. But it went from there from the honor of the Duc De Choiseul, and this last put all works about it to be able to continue the war.
Places and monuments
- the church of the Annunciation, located at the center of the village, is a building Baroque the XVIIe century classified historic building.
- “ the honor of the Fatherland and Public freedom requires your courage today. Whole Europe looks at us. ” (Pascal Paoli with the Nationals, Borgo, October 9th, 1768)
“ Eccu has Borgu-la-Vittoria, rinfréscati the memoria. Who if cuprinu di gloria Li Miliziani Cirnesi, Li Corsi contru I Francesi. ” ( Trinighellu , Dumenicu Carlotti)
“ Corona it giogo of a acuto assembles E the ampia spiaggia dominated E sovrasta sublimates it Borgo ”. (Salvator Viale)
Personalities related to the commune
On the territory of the commune is the campus of the Chamber of commerce and industry of Bastia and Haute-Corse with the EGC, the IMF.
- Common of the Haute-Corse
- Borgo on the site of the national geographical Institute
- Borgo on the site of INSEE
- Borgo on the site of Plane Quid
- of Borgo on Mapquest
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