Black Sabbath is one of the founders groups of the heavy metal. The original formation of the British group was made up of Tony Iommi with the Guitare, Ozzy Osbourne with the Chant, Geezer Butler with the low and Bill Ward with the battery.
Inventor of the Rif heavy and lugubrious perfectly in phase with his style “satanic”, or considered as such, the group had much with the play of guitar developed by Tony Iommi, whose three fingers had been started at the time of an accident in its preceding use of metal-worker.
Black Sabbath remains a dominant influence in the metal which it contributed to create. The largest artists elected in “VH1 100” of the “Hard rock” were Led Zeppelin in the first place, and Black Sabbath at the second.
Currently, the formation of beginning of the year 80, made up of Tony Iommi, Geezer Butler, Ronnie James Dio and Vinny Appice, turns under the name of Heaven and Hell, the title of the album of 1980 of Black Sabbath.
The first formation (1968)
Black Sabbath was formed with Aston, Birmingham, England, in 1968 under the name of “Hammer Tulk Blues Company” (shortened soon in “Tulk Hammer”), and later renamed Earth. This formation played of the Rock and the Blues.
The guitarist Tony Iommi was considerably influenced by the heavy fronts guitarists like Hank Marvin, of the group The Shadows, and by guitarists of Jazz, in particular Django Reinhardt. Iommi forsook Earth for one short period to try its chance with Jethro Tull. The group also expressed leaning for the jazz, particularly for beaters like Buddy Rich and Gene Krupa. Geezer quotes Jack Bruce of British Cream as first bass player blues among those which had an important influence for him: “He was the first instrumentalist to fold the cords and to play of low like a completely independent instrument”. The period pre Sabbath is thus marked by sets mixing blues, jazz and rock'n'roll, as well as resumptions of titles of Jimi Hendrix and Cream. Osbourne indicates that it was deeply influenced by the Beatles and that its favorite album of all times is Revolver.
Earth took a darker musical direction when Geezer started has to read books of Dennis Wheatley, treating black magic. They ended up writing a song having for topic the Occultisme. This song was entitled “Black Sabbath”, title inspired of a film with Boris Karloff. Beginning 1969, when the group amalgamated with another combo local called Earth, they adopted the title of their very first song like name of group.
The group found its signature almost by accident. Whereas the group prepared songs in a studio located close to a cinema having programmed a film of horror, Osbourne called to Iommi (video of reference: Don' T Blame Me ), as with the remainder of the group, how much it found strange that people pay to see a film which frightened them. Black Sabbath then started to write dark and sinister songs in order to try to be the musical answer to films of horror, and a kind of rebellion against the “happy” music widespread in the Sixties.
First period - “histories” (1968-1979)Being based on the innovation of their “heavy” sound and the tomfooleries of Ozzy Osbourne, the group met success as of its first album, Black Sabbath , left on Friday, February 13, 1970 in music and signed at Warner Bros. Records with the the United States and the Canada, and under the label Vertigo Records for the rest of the world. The album Paranoid followed the same year, further increasing their popularity in America and in the United Kingdom. The song War Pigs was written in protest with the Guerre of Vietnam and was at the origin to give its name to the disc. The group recorded Paranoid at the last minute simply to add time to the album. Due to refusal of " War Pigs" by the recording company, the song became finally the title of the album, and was their first to be profited from a time of consequent passage on the radios. This refusal in addition explains the shift between the title (Paranoid) and the small pocket of the album (a warrior emerging from nowhere with a saber).
Another innovation is the indirect effect of an accident. Iommi having lost the ends of two fingers of its left hand at the time where he worked in a Aciérie. At the beginning, it manufactured prostheses starting from the molten plastic of a bottle of detergent. Its wounded fingers being more sensitive, Iommi reduced the tension of the cords of its guitar Gibson Guitar Corporation of E standard to C# (starting from the third album, Master off Reality ), which made it possible to attenuate the pain at the end of its fingers when he played. Geezer Butler then lowered the tonality of its low to make it correspond to that of Iommi. This gave to the music a heavier tonality, sticking thus better to the words of the group.
Black Sabbath left a new album in 1971, Master off Reality . It was the first album of Sabbath to comprise a significant quantity of acoustic material (the piece Solitude included a solo of flute of Iommi). It is a bracket often neglected compared to the general style of Black Sabbath, because the group is generally known only for its simple, heavy, dark fronts. They added elements more varied even at the time of the exit of Black Sabbath, vol. 4 in 1972. This one comprises the Ballade Changes (containing only voices, the low one, piano and Mellotron) and the anthems Hard rock like Supernaut and Snowblind . Black Sabbath, vol. 4 to date remains their album more succeeded.
In 1973, Black Sabbath was the group of heavy the most known metal in the world, and its concerts were a major attraction. Their following album, Sabbath Bloody Sabbath , saw the group collaborating with the keyboard of Yes, Rick Wakeman, during the sessions of recording. Except the piece-title, the album also included/understood Spiral Architect , with the atmosphere Space rock'n'roll and has National Acrobat , of inspiration more progressive Rock.
During all this period, the group was strongly accro with drugs, and it is claimed that Osbourne and Ward would have taken LSD daily during two years. On the end of its participation in the group in 1978, Ozzy Osbourne was devastated so much by drugs which he complained to be “very unhappy, and drunk and smashed the every day”. Several songs of the group speak about drug, explicitly and implicitly.
The group suffered then from serious problems of management (it was under the control of the future father-in-law of Osbourne, Don Arden). These problems of management and the abandonment of Vertigo Records for WWA disturbed the calendar planned for the exit of their new album, whereas the group was always related to Warner Bros. Records for the United Kingdom and the United States. In spite of these problems, Sabotage left in 1975, with a success which was not contradicted. In spite of, the problems of drugs, their musical experiments continued (the Gregorian chants and the choral society of monks on Supertzar by marking the culminating point), the change of orientation of the scene rock'n'roll of the time, several internal problems with the group, all that seriously affected the stability and the production of the group.
Technical ecstasy (1976) proved to be a commercial failure. The album is characterized by symphony orchestras, Synthétiseur S, and part of the words is signed by the beater Bill Ward, following a short absence of Ozzy Osbourne of the sessions of recording. After 1977, Ozzy Osbourne did not attend any more the repetitions of the group and the remaining members recorded several pieces with the singer Dave Walker, old of Savoy Brown. Walker took part in the sessions of recording for the new album, and it contributed to write the words of several songs. The new group played even an alternate version of the piece Junior Eyes in the emission “Look Young stag! ” of BBC in January 1978. However, this proved to be an incarnation of short duration of the group because Ozzy made its return with words much better than those written by Walker. The new album, entitled Never Say Die! , left finally at the end of September 1978, after the vocal parts were altered in studio. By far the most experimental exit of the group up to now, the album explores multiple musical genres, like the jazz, the Synthpop and the blues, but as for the preceding album, the sales did not take off, perhaps precisely because of these new musical orientations.
Because of the internal conflicts and an obvious lack of engagement due to drugs, Ozzy Osbourne had to leave the group in 1979. Ozzy declared later in an interview (on a piece no-claims bonus of the album The Ozzman Cometh ) which it was really happy to leave the group, being given its recurring problems with drugs and alcohol. The “Madman” will marry thereafter Sharon Arden, the girl of the producer of Black Sabbath, Don Arden.
Second period - “the Dio years” (1979-1982)Osbourne was replaced by the former singer of Rainbow, Ronnie James Dio. The following album of Black Sabbath (the first with Dio), Heaven and Hell , made it possible the group to join again with success in 1980, reaching their higher classification since Sabotage (1975). It is during the round which followed that Dio popularized the “Mano Cornuta” (epic of the hand consisting in folding up the major one, the annular one and the inch, leaving only the drawn up index and the auricular one), which thereafter was to become a symbol of Heavy metal in general.
The album also marked the arrival of Geoff Nicholls, keyboard of the group Quartz, as a musician of session (Nicholls clearly credited forever as an official member, and with the majority of time forced to play since the slides for a probable esthetic reason, but it Co-writing much of songs and remained with Black Sabbath in all the following incarnations, until 2001 when it was not retained any more). Always during this round, Bill Ward, the beater, left the group for personal reasons (his/her two parents having died during one rather short period, Bill fought against the Alcoolisme and its other inclinations). To finally note a short eclipse of Butler, who was replaced with low by Nicholls.
The beater Vinny Appice joined the group at the end of the round, then remained to record the album Mob Rules , whose title was included in the film Métal howling . However, the recording which one can hear in the film (and in the album which of it was drawn) is an alternate version of that of the album Mob Rules .
The exit in 1980 of compilation Live At Last (recorded time of Ozzy Osbourne at the time of the round Sabbath, Bloody Sabbath in 1973) encouraged the group to quickly record an album live of Mob Rules , entitled Live Evil . But during the mixing of Live Evil , Iommi and Butler showed Dio to be itself introduced of night into the studio to increase the volume of its voice, which led them to transfer Dio of the group and Appice followed it.
Third period - Born Again - Period Ian Gillan (1983-1984)Bill Ward took again its place behind the barrels, and Ian Gillan, coming from Deep Purple, arrived like new singer. To quote it: “I did not plan anything to join Black Sabbath. I went to drink a blow with Geezer and Tony, we took one cooked, and I discovered the day according to whether I had agreed to join the group! They are sympathetic types. I had fun much and that paid the invoices, I lived a super year with them. ”
These members recorded the album Born Again , but Bill Ward released once again the group right before the round, and was replaced by BEV Bevan of Electric Light Orchestrated. During the round, Black Sabbath played Smoke one the Water of Deep Purple like first recall. Although the disc was one of largest historical successes of the group, reaching even the place of fourth better sale in the United Kingdom, the formation will not perdura, because Ian Gillan was gone from there to join Deep Purple again. Bill Ward returned once again, and the arrival of a new singer, David Donato, was officially announced in 1984. However, after six months of repetitions, Donato was put at the door by the production whereas Iommi and Butler disputed for money problems.
Instability (1984-1987)The changes of members with repetition, harming the credibility of the group, the increasing success of the career solo of Ozzy Osbourne, accompanied by the regard of the musical critics, all that combined to make plane on the group the shade of Ozzy. Geezer, one of the founding members, left the group to form Geezer Butler Band (which was to never record the least album). The original members of Black Sabbath met temporarily to play three pieces ( Children Of The Grave , Iron Man and Paranoid ) at the time of the Live Aid in 1985. After that, Iommi decided to record an album solo with the assistance of old of Sab, the keyboard Geoff Nicholls (which will become finally an official member) and of the singer Glenn Hughes, passed by Deep Purple and Trapeze. Tony Iommi also engaged celebrates it singer of heavy metal Lita Ford, as well as the bass player of his group (Dave “The Beast” Spitz) and his beater Eric Singer, (which will play later with KIS and Alice Cooper) to supplement the formation. However, following the pressures of the production and the recording company, a seventh album, Seventh Star , leave as “Black Sabbath featuring Tony Iommi”.
There is a certain number of polemics around the album Seventh Star , implying Jeff Fenholt, which claims to have been the principal singer of Black sabbath for approximately seven months. He affirms to have left the group because of an incompatibility with his faith. The members of Sab maintain that it forever really belonged to the group, recording only some demonstrations for the album solo of Iommi. Part of the material on Seventh Star is supposed to be written by Fenholt, however ever credited.
Before tounée of Seventh Star in 1986, Glenn Hughes was implied in a brawl, and blood coagulated in its throat deprived it of voice the time in several concerts. A young unknown American singer, named Ray Gillen, was called to finish the round. The moral one of the group was with most when it began the recording from The Eternal Idol (old beater BEV Bevan was of return to the percussions, and a second bass player, Bob Daisley, were implied in the project), but Black Sabbath knew a new series of mishaps, consequence of a bad financial management, mainly a disastrous planning of the recordings in studios at the prohibitory cost. That involved the departure of Gillen right in the middle of the sessions of recording. It joined the ex-guitarist of Ozzy later, Jake E. Lee, to form the group Badlands (which also included Eric Singer).
The years Martin (1987-1991)Native of Birmingham, the singer Tony Martin was called to re-record all the vocal parts of Gillen starting from the bands of The Eternal Idol , and the album could finally be born. Tony “The cat” Martin proved to be a perfect singer for Black Sabbath. In spite of a light resemblance to Dio, Martin had his own style clearly.
At the end of the recording of The Eternal Idol , the major part of the group separated, leaving Iommi, Martin, and Nicholls to recruit bass player OJ Burt, as well as the ex-beater of the Clash, Terry Chimes, for the short promotional tour of the album in 1987.
In 1988, the magazine Kerrang metal! made run the noise that the singer Tom Jones had joined Tony Iommi and Bill Ward within Black Sabbath. This proved thereafter to be a hoax, probably related to the fact that it was the April issue of of Kerrang! (see Poisson of April). The team of the magazine had fun thus much changes of members with repetition of Sab during the Eighties, teasing them on several occasions while announcing like true rumors of arrival of fictitious members.
A certain degree of stability had returned to Black Sabbath during the year 1988, with the maintenance of Tony Martin and Geoff Nicholls, as well as the reinforcement of the beater Cozy Powell, substitute Terry Chimes. Powell, legendary beater, had been success with her own group, like Rainbow, Whitesnake, Emerson, Lake & Powell and much of others. With the bass player Laurence Cottle to replace OJ Burt, Black Sabbath left the album Headless Cross in 1989, to date that which most openly explores the occult mythology “satanist” and topics, album which was encensé by criticism. A video was carried out for the piece titrates album and be entitled to a consequent exposure on MTV.
After Headless Cross-country race , Laurence Cottle was replaced by tested the bass player Neil Murray (former fellow traveller of Cozy Powell within Whitesnake). Sabbath left what the fans regard as the best album of the Martin period, Tyr , in 1990. The group connected the rounds throughout the years 1990-1991 to make the promotion of Tyr .
Dehumanizer - Return of Dio (1991-1992)August 28th, 1990, Ronnie James Dio invited Geezer Butler with one in its concerts with Mineapolis as a guest surpise to play Neon Knights in recall. After the concert, the duet reminded the last good moments whole with Black Sabbath and from this interview were born the premises from a future reformation. The line-up composed by Dio, Butler, Iommi, Powell and Nicholls arrived in her term, Cozy Powell leaving the group shortly after to be replaced by Vinny Appice (there be rumors on the departure of Powell, applicant that Dio and Powell did not support themselves any more, or that Powell suffered from the continuations of an accident of horsemanship at the time). That marked the meeting of the line-up of 1981-1982, at the origin of the albums Mob Rules and Live Evil . Together they recorded Dehumanizer (1992). The piece Time Machine , resulting from this album, can be heard in the film Wayne's World . The version used for film differs from that of the album: the US version of CD included both, the version “album” and in no-claims bonus track, “Wayne's World version”.
Playing in front of public more than all those which they had known in almost a decade, renovated Sab took pleasure to join again with the success with the abum Dehumanizer and the round which followed. It is at this period that Ozzy Osbourne announced its retirement of the scene and proposed in Black Sabbath to ensure its first part at the time of its last two concerts Costa Mesa. Dio refused to take part in it because it was convinced that Black Sabbath could not be reduced to a first part, without counting that Ozzy had publicly insulted it at the time of several interview recent. Dio did not appreciate either that the places in the concerts were sold on its behalf without its agreement. However, Iommi, Butler and Appice agreed to take part in it.
Dio left them to find its group and Rob Halford, singer of Judas Priest, was called for a replacement of last minute (explicitly for this single event). The original line-up of Black Sabbath, including Bill Ward, meets to close the second evening of the event, on November 15th, 1992 in music, playing four pieces. Contracts were prepared for a new album and a round of the original line-up of Black Sabbath, but Osbourne declined the offer at the last minute. Finally, Ozzy Osbourne decided not to be withdrawn (connecting its “No More Tours” (“more rounds”) by a judiciously named round “Retirement Sucks” (“the retirement that fears”)).
Return of Tony Martin (1992-1997)After the rout of Dio, Vinny Appice was replaced by the old beater of Rainbow Bobby Rondinelli. The singer Tony Martin and the keyboard Geoff Nicholls made their return in the group and Black Sabbath recorded Cross Purposes , and Cross Purposes Live , a mixture of music and vidéos, which left fine 1994, after which Bobby Rondinelli left the group with semi-round. Its substitute for the remainder of the round was, with the great surprise of all, the original beater of Black Sabbath Bill Ward. At the end of the round, the roads of Ward and Butler separated again from those of Iommi, Martin, and Nicholls.
Another meeting was on fire in 1995. This time it was the line-up time of Tyr which was reformed, the beater Cozy Powell and the bass player Neil Murray joining Iommi, Martin, and Nicholls to record Forbidden . The album was produced by Ernie-C precursory group of Nu metal Body Count. To date, Forbidden remains the last album complete studio of Black Sabbath all formations confused. After the recording of the album, Cozy Powell left again and was replaced for the round by a ghost, Bobby Rondinelli.
In 1996, Castle Records (except the USA and Canada) remasterisa and republished the entirety of the catalog of Black Sabbath out of CD until The Eternal Idol (1987), as well as a compilation of the years 1988-1995 entitled The Sabbath Stones to finish the contract of Tony Iommi with IRS Records.
Meeting - Reformation of the original group (1997-aujourd' today)In 1996, Ozzy Osbourne launched the round of its festival metal to success Ozzfest, which was conceived at the beginning like one evening single. During the round of 1997, for the last part of each one of its performances on scene, it was joined by Geezer Butler and Tony Iommi for a compilation of some traditional of Sab (the beater of Faith No More Mike Bordin ensured the percussions). However, in December 1997, the original beater Bill Ward joined Osbourne, Iommi, and Butler to officially reform Black Sabbath of the beginnings in a permanent way, for the first time since 1979.
The reformation of the group led to the exit of the album Reunion , an double album live their concerts of at the end of 1997. The album also included the pieces Selling My Soul and Psycho Man . They were the first original pieces recorded in studio by Black Sabbath since 1995, and their first with this formation since the departure of Ozzy in 1979.
Since then, the group left various compilations, of which a box of eight CD called Black Box: The Supplements Original Black Sabbath (1970-1978) . In 1998, Vinny Appice made its return after Bill Ward was victim of a heart attack, little time before a European round of the group. Whereas Sabbath traversed the United States with the remainder of the round 1999 of Ozzfest, Ward returned in the group for good. This line-up remained unchanged since, leaving occasionally in round.
The group attacked sessions of writing in 2001, with as producer legendary the Rick Rubin. They decided finally that all completed work during this period did not have necessary quality compared to the “heritage” of Black Sabbath - a decision that Ozzy defended more firmly than any other member of the group. They all the same played of it a piece ( Scary Dreams ) at the time of Ozzfest 2001. The personal contract of Ozzy slowed down the progression of the album (Sabbath had envisaged its exit at the end of 2001 but Ozzy worked on its disc at this period, then left in round beginning 2002). Sabbath remained in 2002, because Ozzy was to work for its television program The Osbournes and to develop the programming of Ozzfest 2002. Its career, as that had been the case before the reformation of the group, proceeded parallel to that of Black Sabbath.
Without any topicality, neither the major part of the year 2002, nor during all the year 2003, the group made its return in 2004. The keyboard of the sessions was the son of Rick Wakeman, Adam. He had already worked with Ozzy and with the great disappointment of its fans of the first hour, Geoff Nicholls replaced. Nicholls worked with the group since the album of 1980 Heaven and Hell. Black Sabbath was programmed in Ozzfest 2004, then in Ozzfest 2005. In November 2005, Black Sabbath was integrated into the Hall off Famed of the British music, and the group played at the time of the ceremony of handing-over of the prices. The same month, one also announced their entry in the Rock-and-roll Hall off Famed American for on March 13rd, 2006 in music. This Sabbath time did not play anything, it was Metallica which interpreted in their homage two their pieces, Hole in the Sky and Iron Man .
Sharon Osbourne currently works to program Black Sabbath original for Ozzfest 2008.
Black Sabbath: Years of DioIn September 2006, the Spanish webzine Rafabasa announced that Iommi, Butler and Ward would join Ronnie James Dio for a round of the festivals of summer 2007 during the stand-by of Black Sabbath: Years of Dio which includes the last recordings and three new songs of Black Sabbath written by Iommi and Dio: The Devil Cried (also left as individual), Shadow Off The Wind and Ear in the Wall . Ward thereafter decided not to take part in the project, Vinny Appice then took its place (which makes of it the second meeting Mob Rules /de version of phase of evil Dehumanizer of Black Sabbath). An album live of the band of 1981 also left - Black Sabbath - Live At Hammersmith Odeon . Apart from these exits, an excursion started with the line-up. See the paragraph on Heaven and lower Hell in bottom of the page. These releases mark the band first since the album of the Meeting, making all the number of the band of the songs lately released since the album prohibits 5.
Future of the groupBill Ward decided not to take part in Heaven and Hell, but it would take part in a round and a new album of the original line-up of Black Sabbath towards the end of 2007. This did not occur because Heaven and Hell decided to make at the end of excursion per whole year, but confirms the idea that a future with Ozzy is considered.
In 2007, Ozzy Osbourne has indicated on its Web site that the original lineup of Black Sabbath would join forces in the studio record a new album, the first for 30 years. If this will occur has to be still confirmed by Tony Iommi or of Geezer who remained vague, although they and Bill Ward confirmed plans of a certain kind by Black Sabbath in 2008.
Musical activity of the members of Black SabbathOne of the reasons for which the group did not leave any new album yet since their meeting 1997 is their various other activities, in particular for the singer Ozzy Osbourne. Osbourne left a compilation in 1997, an album in 2001, an album live in 2002, a compilation in 2003, an anthology in 2005 and one album in 2007. It also left an album recoveries in 2005, however the majority of these new songs were on its anthology of 2005 not very front exit.
Iommi has finally left its first album solo in 2000, entitled Iommi . That took almost 5 years to him. It also has left The Deep sessions 1996 in 2004 and Fused in 2005 (work on this one started in 2003). The group G/Z/R of Geezer has finally left an album ( Ohmwork ) in 2005. Bill Ward was the only member not to be left album in 2003. Its interest for the music was always concentrated on Sabbath, all its motivation going the band.
MembersPrincipal article: Lists of the members of Black Sabbath
Ozzy Osbourne - Vocals
- Tony Iommi - Guitar
- Geezer Butler - Low
- Bill Ward - Drum
Members of the meetings
- In 1985, the original members of Black Sabbath (Iommi/Ward/Osbourne/Butler) met for the concert of advantage of phase of assistance. They played only three songs ( Children Of The Grave , Iron Man and Paranoid ).
- In 1992, version 1980-1982 of Black Sabbath (Iommi/Butler/Dio/Appice) met and turned for the album Dehumanizer .
- In 1992, the original members of Black Sabbath played three songs after one in the concerts of “retirement” of Ozzy Osbourne to Costa Mesa, California.
- In 1995, the version 1989-1991 of the group (Iommi/Powell/Martin/Murray/Nicholls) met for the album and the round Forbidden .
- In 1997-98, the original members of Black Sabbath met into 1999,2001,2004 and 2005 and they turned with the Ozzfest festival. Since at least 2001, there were rumors of a new album with new songs, but up to now, nothing has glossy, and no formal plan of the disc was made. They recorded demonstrations.
- According to the Web site of Osbourne, the group discusses the possibility of a new album; the official announcement will take place in 2007.
Heaven and Hell 2007
After the exit of Black Sabbath: The Dio Years , Dio/Iommi/Butler/Appice decided to leave in round. However, as line-up original of Black Sabbath is always together, they do not turn under the name of “Black Sabbath”, but use in the place under the name of “Heaven And Hell” according to the album of the same name which began the era of Dio - the group and the round employ this name. Three new tracks recorded by Heaven And Hell for compilation Black Sabbath: The Dio Years is signed under the name of “Black Sabbath” but generally more are associated has Heaven And Hell. October 25th, 2006 a representative of Iommi confirmed this. This article also confirms the new material and a round of Black Sabbath original.
Various meetings of the member of Black SabbathMore than the majority of the groups, the members of Black Sabbath separated then found several times (list below):
- In September 1977, Ozzy stopped the group briefly but returned in January 1978.
- After being party in April 1991, Martin returned in spring of 1993 up to 1997 when the original line-up meets.
- After having replaced singer the 14 November 15th, 1992, Rob Halford still replaced Ozzy on August 26th, 2004
- Parti in the middle 1984, Geezer Butler returned in April 1991 until October 1994, before its final return in March 1997.
- Dave Spitz, bass player of the group of September 1985 in September 1986 returned briefly in July 1987.
- Before the true meeting of Black Sabbath of September 1997, Ozzy played with the band from March to July with the original line-up except for Bill Ward.
- After its initial departure in August 1980, Bill Ward played sporadically with the group. It was with Sabbath from January in August 1983, the summer 1984, in August and September 1994 before the meeting 1997 of the traditional lineup.
- BEV Bevan took the rods of August 1983 at the summer 1984, then from June in October 1987.
- Vinny Appice officiated when Bill Ward could not from May in September 1998.
- Bobby Rondinelli made two appearance in Black Sabbath, of spring 1993 in August 1994 and July in December 1995.
Influence on the music nowadays
- For the major part of their career, Black Sabbath seldom received any critical praise (“blundering of the bozos” was a description). But the end of the year 1980 and beginning of the year 90 saw a rather radical reappraisal of the group: not only of their instrumental qualifications but also because they had become largely recognized as some of the most influential pioneers in the field of Heavy Metal. Osbourne itself received a reward of NME for “divine genius” in 2004.
sub-groups of Heavy Metal " condemn to the métal" , " metal of dénoyauteur" , and the " metal of cambouis" reflect a direct influence of Black Sabbath, the model particularly slower and heavier on the first albums of the group.
Some of the incidents and the characters in documentary the " This is Spinal Tap" are based on Black Sabbath. For example the regulated idea of stage of Stonehenge in film was taken of a true stage employed by Black Sabbath for theirs constant still travel. Contrary to the whole in the film, in which Stonehenge was returned too small to be very imposing on the stage, the version of Black Sabbath de Stonehenge was in fact too large to adapt in several of the arenas the played band Po. The unquestionable destiny of the unit is not clear, although Iommi indicated that it was probably abandoned on a landing stage some share. required
Certain groups of grunge such as Alice In Chains and Soundgarden are influenced by the noise of Sabbath. The groups unconditional like Bad Brains and Black Flag claimed Black Sabbath as a one their principal influences. Henry Rollins the singer of Black Flag wrote the notes of covering for the block box: Black Sabbath original complete (1970-1978) left in 2004. The principal front of “Sweet Leaf” was played by Red Hot Chili Peppers at the end of their own title “Give It Away”. Soundgarden, beside groups like Corrosion off Conformity, Soulfly, therapy? , White Zombie, Megadeth, Godspeed, Ugly Kid Joe, Godsmack and others including/understanding the first singer of Iron Maiden Bruce Dickinson appeared on the “Nativity in Black: Homage series to Black Sabbath”, showing that the legendary group continues to be an inspiration.
Black Sabbath also inspired by the groups apart from Heavy Metal or the Hard rock. The cardigans, for example, from time to time took again their songs on their own albums. The Jennings gunner included a front of “Sweet Leaf” in “burst in county of Baylor” of its release 2005, put “O” back in the country, which still different is increased in the version of phase on phase with the plaza 4.18.06 of Irving.
In studio and concert, albums official
Pirate and nonofficial albumsThe albums presented in this section are nonofficial insofar as they did not leave with approval management Black Sabbath.
1980 - Live At Last (Live recorded in 1973 - Iommi, Osbourne, Butler, Ward); #5 in the United Kingdom.
- 1980 - Greatest Hits . Not to confuse with official same name.
- 1973,1976,2000 - The Best off Black Sabbath
- 1974 - Baghdad (in concert in California Jam, Germany)
- 1976 - Original The (compilation, Germany)
- 1978 - Rock'n'roll Heavies (compilation, Germany)
- 1983 - The Best (compilation, Australia)
- 1983 - The Very Best off Black Sabbath (compilation, South Africa)
- 1984,1987 - The Kings off Hell (compilation, Brazil)
- 1985 - The Collection (compilation, the United Kingdom)
- 1991 - Backtrackin (compilation, Australia)
- 1991 - Serious Children off the
- 1994 - The Ozzy Osbourne Years (3 discs, Japan)
- 1996 - Under Wheels off Confusion
- 2006 - Paranoid (DVD)