A bill is a text of Loi deposited by the Gouvernement, in opposition to a Private bill which emanates from the Parlement.
In France, article 39 of the Constitution of 1958 governs the procedure of development of the bills. The bills are elaborate within one or several Ministère S and subjected for opinion to the Council of State. Then they are deliberated in the Council of Ministers and are deposited by the minister on the desk of the one of the two rooms of the Parliament. The first reading can be done as well with the National Assembly as with the Sénat.
The bill becomes a Loi if it is adopted by the Parliament (see French Parlement). Approximately 90% of the laws result from bills.
Once the accepted law it must be signed by the president and it will be active only once the appearance with the official journal.
The Council of State to the responsibility for advising the French government on the bills, he is administrative judge of the regulation.
The jurisdiction charged to take care of the Legal security is mainly the Council of State. It should be noticed that the bill is subjected to the opinion of the Council of State, which is not the case of the Private bill.
Animation '' Flash '' explaining the eloboration of a private bill or a bill in legal France
Simple: Bill (proposed law)
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