Berry was a time an independent county, with the Carolingian time, before being divided between the duchies of Aquitaine and the counties of Anjou and Blois.
The kings of France started to seize the province starting from the end of XIe century, complete fastening with the royal field being spread out over more than two centuries.
The duchy of Berry returned in the royal field in 1434, after the death of Marie Ire (v. 1375-1434) and of its third husband the duke of Bourbon Jean Ier (1381-1434), instead of returning “normally” to the one of wire of the duchess. Being ground apanagière, it was expected that Berry returns to the field to the extinction of the male descent of the prince having received the Apanage. Marie Ire was entitled thus to a particular treatment.
The duchy of Berry was again conceded with Jeanne de France, girl of Louis XI in 1498.
The title of duke of Berry was then episodically given to several princes of the royal family, of which Louis XVI and the second wire of the king Charles X.
The departments let us berrichons
Berry was administratively divided, starting from the French revolution enters, mainly, the departments of the Cher (18, corresponding to the Haut-Berry, except Saint-Amand-Montrond and its neighborhoods who belonged to Bourbonnais) and of the Indre (36, corresponding to the Bas-Berry except most of the Brenne, which belonged to the Touraine), a small portion of the Loiret (45, corresponding to the Haut-Berry, to the extreme East of the department, the south of the Loire) and the southern fringe of the Loir-et-Cher (41, towns of Selles-sur-Cher and Mennetou-on-Expensive).
Berry is composed of several natural areas, of North in the South:
- a small portion of the Val-de-Loire, between Gien and Sancerre;
- a small portion of the the Sologne, between Vierzon and Aubigny-on-Nère;
- the Country-Extremely, between Sancerre and Aubigny-on-Nère;
- the Sancerrois;
- the Champagne berrichonne (or Septaine, principal natural area, around Chateauroux, Issoudun and Bourges;
- the Boischaut, in the North of the Indre (Levroux) and in the South of the Expensive and the Indre (Châtre);
- part of the Brenne, in the South-west of Chateauroux, until Saint-Benoit-of-Sault the
The language berrichonne
Berry has a language (which often is called patois) which is the Berrichon, this patois is in process of extinction, following the example accent which is him also losing life. But certain words remain for example Pochon = Plastic bag; Jau = Cock; and kidney = nothing, and cow = the clouk.
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