Benito Pérez Galdós
Benito Pérez Galdós (Las Palmas of Gran Canaria, May 10th 1843 - Madrid, January 4th 1920) is a Spanish writer, novelist, playwright and journalist. He is undoubtedly the largest Spanish realistic novelist, and impresses by the width of his work. He passed most of his life to Madrid; today, it is especially known in Spain for its Episodios nacionales (46 volumes); abroad, it is more often quoted for its Novelas españolas contemporáneas .
Benito Pérez Galdós, tenth and last child of the lieutenant-colonel Sebastián Pérez and Dolores Galdós, are born at Las Palmas from Gran Canaria. It makes its secondary studies in the College San Agustín, educational establishment of liberal nature, where started to appear its critical spirit, its caricatural humor and its first literary concerns. He collaborates in newspapers of Las Palmas and gains a price in a contest of drawing carried out in the city. In 1862 it finishes its studies of Baccalaureat in Arts and makes a success of its examination of Graduation to the College of Laguna, Tenerife. This same year it moves in Madrid to study the Right.
In 1886, it is named by the Prime Minister Praxedes Mateo Sagasta appointed replacing at the Parliament of Madrid for the city and the district of Guayama, with Puerto Rico; it never puts the feet, but gets information nevertheless about the living conditions in this area, and feels at it invested duty to represent the inhabitants of them as well as possible their interests. In 1897, it is elected with the Real Academia Española. In 1907, he is elected appointed republican at the Parliament. Become blind in 1912, it continues to dictate its books until the end of its days. He dies in 76 years, after a statue was built in its honor with the park of Retiro, in Madrid.
Its first novels are the fruit of an information retrieval, and interfere historical characters and fiction - some are recurring. They are held within a temporal framework which goes from 1805 at the end of the 19th century. The liberal ideas and anticlericals of Pérez Galdós are initially visible only episodically in its work, but take with time an increasingly important place. In Miau (1888), the standard of living of a family to the high social claims decreases abruptly when the father, senior official, loses his employment following a change of government, before committing suicide. The masterpiece of Pérez Galdós is undoubtedly Fortunata there Jacinta (1886-1887); this novel, comparable in volume with War and peace , described the destiny of four characters: a young townsman, his wife, her mistress resulting from a lower social class, and the husband of the latter. Ángel Guerra (1891) presents the history of one man to the fragile balance, which tries to gain the favors of an inaccessible woman and excessively pious woman, passing for that of agnosticism to Catholicism. More realistic than Balzac and Tolstoï, and perhaps as much as Dickens, Pérez Galdós depicts the middle-class of its time with its two obsessions: snobbery and fear of poverty.
It is particularly sensitive to popular turnings; according to a critic of the time, Pío Baroja, it " could make speak the peuple". Conscious of this quality, Pérez Galdós uses the dialog abundantly; it pushes even the romantic form until its limits, some of its novels being made only dialogs. Its style seeks the naturalness, and rejects the artifices rhetorics in order to offer, according to the postulates of realism, the most direct possible vision of what it wishes to express. The language which it employs thus accepts the commonly-used terms, even vulgar; its frenzy costumbrist returns sometimes some of his infantile and ridiculous characters. Enthusiastic reader of Don Quichotte , his humor, very cervantin, rests on the Ironie.
- House-Museum Pérez Galdós. The Museum is installed in the native house at Las Palmas of Gran Canaria.
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