The Belize named formerly the British Honduras . The current denomination comes from the name of the old capital and the river from the same name.
The English is the national language of the country. The Belize is the only country of Central America whose Official language is not the Spanish , even if this last is very largely spoken in certain parts of the country.
See also: History of the Belize
- - 4th century: expansion of the Maya Civilization since the north of the Peninsula of Yucatan
- 1763: the Britanniques export wood, and exchanges some they protect the Spanish against the Piraterie.
- 1783 : the British leave the Coast of Mosquitos (with the Nicaragua)
- 1798: British victory over the Spanish Armada, Battle of St George' S Caye
- 1802: immigration of the people " Garifuna " since the island Saint-Vincent
- 1862: the colony is baptized " Honduras britannique"
- 1954 : the Right to vote is granted to the women
- 1981: Independence of the Belize
- 1983: attempt at partial annexation by the Guatemala
- 1994: Guatemala claims an access to the Caribbean Sea
- 2000: the hurricane " Keith " devastate the country
- 2002: bilateral agreement with Cuba to promote tourism
See also: Political of the Belize
The Belize is a parliamentary Démocratie and member of the the Commonwealth. The Head of State is currently the queen Elisabeth II, represented in the country by a general governor, which must have the nationality of the country. The primary education executive body of the government is the Council of Ministers, carried out by the Prime Minister who is chief of the government. The Ministers for the council are members of the majority political party at the Parliament and usually hold of the seats of elected officials at the same time as their positions of minister. The bicameral Parliament of the Belize is the National Assembly, which is composed of a room of the representatives and a senate. The 29 members of the Room of the representatives are usually elected for five years maximum. The members of the senate are eight, five are chosen by the Prime Minister, two by the chief of the opposition, and one by the general governor in accordance with the opinion of the advisory committee of the Belize. The Senate is directed by a president, who is an abstentionnist member designated by the governing part. The Belize is an active member of the Community of the Caribbean (Caricom).
See also: Districts of the Belize
The Belize is divided into 6 districts:
- District of Cayo
- District of Corozal
- District of Orange Walk
- District of Stann Creek
- District of Toledo
See also: Geography of the Belize
The north of the Belize consists mainly of coastal punts and marshy plains, with the strongly forest places. In the south a base register is mountain of the Montagnes Maya, whose highest point in the Belize is the Crête of Victoria culminating to 1.160 Mr. the Belize is located between the rivers Hondo and Sarstoon, with the river Belize running out in the center of the country. All along the coasts of the Caribbean Sea are Cayes , reefs of Corail (See Cayes of the Belize)
The local Climat is tropical and is generally very hot and wet. The rain season proceeds May at November with usual but frequent risks like the hurricane S and the Inondation S.
Given geography :
See also: Economy of the Belize
January 20th, 2005, of the popular movements enough violent ones took place at the time of the installation of news Taxe S.
See also: Demography of the Belize
The majority of Belizéens are of multiracial origin. Approximately half of the population is ascents Maya and European; 25% African and creole; 10% Maya and approximately 6% afro-Amerindian (Garifuna). The remainder is composed of Europeans, Indiens, Chinese, means-Eastern and North-American.
The official language is the English. Majority of Belizéens, others that those of recent arrival adjoining countries, have at least English knowledge. The English English and Creole prevail along the coast like in the center and the south of the country. In the west and north, the Spanish is more widespread. Spanish is the native tongue from approximately 50% of the population and is spoken like second language by 20%. The various Maya groups still speak the Maya as well as a dialect about the Creole English, similar to the creole dialects of the anglophone islands of the the Caribbean. Communities of the south of the country speak especially the Garifuna.
Approximately 50% of the population are Catholique, the church Anglican E as of the Protestant communities represents the remainder. About 5% belong to the community mennonite speaking the German or the Low-German.
Population: 256.062 inhabitants (in 2001)
- 0-14 years: 42,04%
- 15-64 years: 54,43%
- + 65 years: 3,53%
- Life expectancy :
- Men: 69 years (in 2001)
- Women: 74 years (in 2001)
- Growth rate : 2,7% (in 2001)
- Birth rate : 31,69 ‰ (in 2001)
- Death rate : 4,7 ‰ (in 2001)
- infantile Death rate : 25,14 ‰ (in 2001)
- Fertility rate : 4,05 children/woman (in 2001)
- migratory Rate : 0 ‰ (in 2001)
See also: Culture of the Belize
Telephone lines : 31.000 (in 1997)
- Cellphones : 3.000 (in 1997)
- Radios : 133.000 (in 1997)
- Television stations : 41.000 (in 1997)
- Users of Internet : 12.000 (in 2000)
- Many suppliers of access Internet : 2 (in 2000)
- Roads : 2.872 km (including 488 tarred km) (in 1998)
- Railways : 0 km
- inland Waterways : 825 km
- Many airports : 44 (including 4 with tarred tracks) (in 2000)
- Official site of the government of Belize
Beats-smg: Belėzos Be-X-old: Бэліз Simple: Belize Zh-min-nan: Belize
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