The bebop , or be-bop , is a style of Jazz which was born and thrived in the Années 1940 and 1950. The first recordings go back to 1945. The topics of bebop were initially played before being written.
The bebop was born from the association of musicians Afro-américain S who, after their contractual obligations in large-orchestras, wished to release themselves while freeing themselves from the discipline from the Big band S. From the more reduced formations leaving more freedom in interpretation and more opportunities of playing of the solos. The first experiments bebop are the fruit of the sessions of Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie and Kenny Clarke.
The bebop makes conspicuous other styles of jazz by a Tempo often very fast, the phrased dynamic ones and harmonic grids very provided (the agreements even change all measurements very often several times by measurement - for example in Anthropology of Charlie Parker). This style thus requires a great technical control of its instrument as well as a good ear and a rather thorough knowledge of the musical theory. The musicians of the bebop did not hesitate with enfreindre the laws commonly accepted concerning the Harmonie or the melody, creating sonorities often voluntarily dissonant and sometimes difficult to appreciate for profane ears.
It is while being freed from the constraints of the swing, and mainly that to be a music of dance, that the bebop marked the advent of the jazz as a major artistic current recognized by the intellectual elite.
Hugues Panassié regarded the bebop as a form of music distinct from the jazz.
Some famous representatives of the bebop
- Dizzy Gillespie (trumpet)
- Clifford Brown (trumpet)
- Charlie Parker (Alto saxophone)
- Bud Powell (Piano)
- Thelonious Monk (Piano)
- Dexter Gordon (Saxophone)
- Oscar Peterson (Piano)
- Kenny Clarke (battery)
- Charles Mingus (Double bass)
- Paul Chambers (Double bass)
- Pierre Michelot (Double bass)
- max Roach (battery)
- Tadd Dameron (Type-setter - Arranger - Pianist)
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