Bayinnaung (Burmese ဘုရင္ေနာင္; ; reads. the Older brother of the King , in Portuguese Braginoco , and in Thai Burinnaung or Burengnong ) was the third king of the Dynastie Taungû, in the current Myanmar (reign of 1551 with 1581). Venerated in the country, it is especially known to have completed its unification and conquered the State Shan, as well as part of the Thailand and Laos. It is as well known in Thailand thanks to a titrated popular song " Pu Chanah Sip Tit" meaning " Conquering of the Ten Directions."
Reconquest of Burma (1550-1555)Bayinnaung was the name which his/her brother-in-law had given him, the king Tabinshwehti (reign of 1531 to 1550). After the murder of Tabinshwehti by Mons of its court of Pégou in 1550, Bayinnaung had extremely to make to recover the kingdom. It took again Taungû and Prome in 1551, Pégou, Martaban and Bassein in 1552, and finally the old capital Ava in 1555.
External conquestsBeing thus seized again High like Low-Burma, it launched a forwarding against the Shans of the North-West. It seized Mong MIT, Thibaw, Yawnghwe, Mong Yang and Mogaung in 1557.
The same year, it launched also a campaign against the Royaume of Ayutthaya. It met a savage resistance, but finally succeeds in taking its capital in 1569. Thousands of prisoners were off-set in Burma and the Siam became a vassal state of the Taungû Kingdom (it released in 1584, under Maha Tammaratchathirat Ier).
At the end of the years 1560, several European travellers like Cesar Fedrici and Gaspero Balbi visited Pégou, and left detailed descriptions of the kingdom of Bayinnaung.,
Last yearsIn the years 1570, Bayinnaung attacked the kingdom of Lan Xang ( Lin Zin , or Million elephants ) in the current Laos. Its king Setthathirat and the inhabitants of the capital Vientiane fled in the jungle where they continued the fight.
Bayinnaung continued there, but the combat was transformed into guerilla, vis-a-vis an imperceptible enemy, and in the absence of decisive victory, Bayinnaung had to leave the country.
Of return to Lan Xang in 1574, it tried to make return the inhabitants in Vientiane to rebuild the kingdom with a sovereign of its choice.
It also had to launch a forwarding to reaffirm its control on the state Shan de Mogaung in 1576.
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