Basle ( German Basel in ) is the third Ville of Switzerland and the Chef-lieu of the Canton of Basle-City. The common of Basle counted 165.847 inhabitants at the beginning of 2007. It is located in the North-West of the Suisse where the bed of the the Rhine follows a curve in direction of north. The agglomeration of Basle counts 660.000 inhabitants. The town of Basle to the characteristic not to have of mayor.
The agglomeration bâloise overflows the borders free - Swiss and germano - Swiss, since it includes in particular the towns of Saint-Louis and Huningue in Alsace and of Weil-amndts-Rhein and Lörrach of the Bade-Wurtemberg. In German, the area is known under the name of Dreiländereck , (literally: the angle of the three countries), known as in French (Haut-Rhin) District of the three borders.
The town of Basle is famous for:
- its Carnival rich color and carrying a tradition more than centenary which borrows as much from the Napoleonean armies as with the carnival of Venice
- and Art Basel, the most important annual fair of contemporary art of Europe, which is held towards mid-June.
The town suit was destroyed on October 18th, 1356 by a seism of which the devastators effects extended on a vast territory from a radius of 15 to 30 kilometers, in particular in the south of Alsace. According to various testimonys, the jolt would have been felt until Paris and with Constance.
This Catastrophe had a considerable impact on the spirits, because it took place little time after a preceding earthquake, in 1348, year when the Black Death started to strike the country, carrying a quarter of the population. Of no evoked the proximity of the end of the world then.
The regional architecture inherited this time is in particular remarkable by the structures in Colombages of the buildings, intended to bring in the event of Séisme flexibility necessary to the works.
- the Kunstmuseum, exceptional whole of Rhenish paintings of the Rebirth and beautiful collection of modern art;
- the Kunsthalle, dedicated to the temporary exhibitions.
- the Museum Tinguely
- the Foundation Beyeler, collection of contemporary art to Riehen, in buildings due to Renzo Piano;
- the Foundation Herzog, photographs
- Museum of history (Historisches Museum Basel)
- Museum of history it music
- Museum of history them barouches
- Museum of history-The habitat
- Museum of antiquities (Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig)
- Museum of natural history
- Museum of ethnography
- Museum of the caricature and of cartoons
List of the museums
- the Zoo of Basle
- the cathedral where is buried Érasme
- the old city
- the town hall
- the fountain Tinguely
the Carnival of Basle ( Basler Fasnacht )
- the fair of Basle (demonstration of contemporary art)
- the Basler Herbstmesse (fair of autumn)
Local and regional transportThe Rhenish city has a dense network of urban and suburban trams. The first, of green color, are exploited by company BVB (Basler Verkehrsbetriebe: public transport bâlois); the seconds, yellows with red band, belong to the BLT (Baselland-Transport: transport of Basle-Countryside, the other demicanton, with that of Basle-City)
Nowadays, the 8 urban lines of the BVB add up 65,9 km and the vehicles circulate on 46,58 km of ways and the 4 lines sururbaines of the BLT add up 51,8 km.
During Fasnacht, carnival of Basle celebrates it, when the downtown area is completely blocked by the festivities, the BVB then bring into service special lines with diverted routes and carrying numbers in score (21, 24…).
From 1907, the countryside bâloise is furrowed tram lines local. Rare fact in the history of the rail-bound transports, all these lines are still in service. The four companies amalgamated at January 1st, 1974 to become transport of Basle-Countryside. The agglomerations of Basle and Pratteln extended so much that they ended up meeting. By this fact the exploitation of the line of Pratteln, entirely in urban site, was yielded to the BVB.
The four lines of the BLT (lines 10,11, E11 and 17) also cross the city by borrowing the ways of the BVB and are also by this fact of the urban trams.
An astonishing element to raise, line 10 of the BLT serves the French village of Leymen. The station itself is in French territory and when one leaves the station of Ettingen one can thus see a panel announcing that one leaves the federal territory, one rolls for a few minutes on French soil. The terminus, Rodersdorf, are again in Suisse territory.
National and international transportBasle is served by the international airport of Basle-Mulhouse and by the stations of Basle (the SNCF), Basle (SBB-CFF) and Basel Bad (dB). It is also an important road junction and highway, and a river port with large gauge communicating by the Rhine with France, Germany and the Netherlands.
The station CF of Basle is also the starting place of three roads cyclists main roads: the Road of the Rhine which leads to Andermatt, the North-South Route which leads to Chiasso and finally the Route of the Jura which mêne with Nyon.
- the town of Basle is regarded as being one of the world capitals of the drug, because it accommodates several pharmaceutical groups within its agglomeration, such as Novartis and Roche. The development of this activity was supported by the annexation of Alsace by Germany in 1870, which caused the departure towards Basle of many Mulhousian industrialists , in particular specialized in the Chimie, within the framework of textile industry.
- the Banque of the international payments (BIS) there has its seat.
- Seat of UBS.
The flag of the Town of Basle is identical to that of the canton of Basle-City ( Basel-Stadt ). The flag of the canton of Basle-Countryside ( Basel-Landschaft ) is very similar, but with a stick of bishop red instead of black, directed in opposite direction, and differently decorated.
In Basle are dependant:
- Sebastien Loeb, racing driver
- Érasme (1468 - 1536), humanistic
- Johannes Buxtorf (1599 - 1664), Hebrew professor, wire of Johannes Buxtorf (1564 - 1629)
- Marc Allégret, realizer
- Werner Arnold, cyclist
- Hans the USSR von Balthasar, theologist
- Gaspard Bauhin, naturalist
- Jean Bauhin, naturalist
- Jacques Bernoulli, mathematician and physicist
- Hans Bernoulli, architect
- Arnold Böcklin, painter
- Emanuel Büchel, baker then painter and topographer
- Jacob Burckhardt, scientist
- Leonhard Euler, mathematician and physicist
- Roger Federer, (1981 -) tennis player
- Michael Furter, printer of the end of the 15th century
- Ferenc Fricsay, leader
- Felix Speiser, traveller, humanistic
- Christophe Glaser, pharmacist
- Marthe Keller, actress
- Jürg Kreienbühl, painter
- Jean Jacques Speiser, Banker
- Fritz Müller, doctor and zoologist
- Paul Sacher (1906 - 1999), industrialist and patron
- Patty Schnyder, (1978 -) tennis player
- Paul Speiser-Sarasin, Banker, National Adviser
- Sandra Speichert (1971 -), actress
- Jacques Sprenger, inquisitor
- Luzius Wildhaber, lawyer, president of the European Court of the human rights from November 1st, 1998 to January 18th, 2007.
- Felix Wuertz, surgeon
- Theodore Zwinger, scientist
- Herzog & of Meuron, architects
- Mathis Künzler, actor
- the official site of Basle
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