Figaro is a character invented by Beaumarchais at the end of the 18th century and that it makes appear in three of his parts, as hero: the Barber of Seville , the Marriage of Barber and the guilty Mother .
Mozart imported the character of Barber and the topic of the part the Marriage of Barber , for his opera the Marriages of Figaro , on an Italian booklet of Lorenzo da Ponte. Rossini took as a starting point the intrigue of the Barbier of Seville for its own opera. Darius Milhaud supplemented the triptych by composing an opera on the guilty Mother .
Character of the people sévillan, sharp, sentimental, enthusiastic, insolate, it is since his creation, there is more than two hundred years, a popular hero and sympathetic nerve, even pathetic and dramatic. It is able often too late to prevent the irrevocable one, but he is the witness and the catalyst of all the history - “ Figaro-ci, Figaro-là ”. He is in love one, the intermediary, the speechifier, the circling servant, but also the awkward simpleton, the provocative show-off and finally the resigned servant. He was heralding the topics of the French revolution.
- Beaumarchais, the Barber of Seville , Paris, Ruault, 1775.
- Beaumarchais, the Marriage of Barber , Paris, Ruault, 1785.
- Beaumarchais, the guilty Mother , Paris, 1792.
- Frederic Vitoux, the novel of Barber , Paris, Beech, 283 pp.
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