Barabbas is a biblical character of the Ier century of the New Testament. Presented like seditious by two of the evangelists, Barabbas was probably adverse with the Roman invader. The Gospel of Jean for its part presents it like a brigand .
EtymologySignificance of the name of Barabbas: wire of the Father (of bar , Araméen: wire of, and Abba , father. The S final is a génitive mark Greek.) can make think that Jesus takes the place of the children of the celestial Father (whom he says being, reason for which he is crucifié besides) to undergo anger of it, consequence of the sin (or of the original disobedience of Adam). The symbol is strong, because it is God himself, author of the curse, which receives this curse in our place.
The characterThe Patronyme Barabbas appears several times in the Gospel S. Notamment in Matthieu (chapter 27), Marc (chapter 15) and Luc (chapters 23 and 18). A manuscript fore-mentioned the Jesus.
Shown sedition , he would have been the leader of a revolt against the Roman authority. Two Gospels out of the four retained by the Church present it indeed expressly in this direction, i.e. like resistant: (According to Marc 15, Barabbas was held “for a murder made in a sedition” and according to Luc 23, Barabbas was “in prison for a sedition which had taken place in the city”) . A third Gospel quotes it like a “famous prisoner” (Mathieu, 27). Only the fourth Gospel, that of Jean, 18, in fact a “brigand”, although, in this time of intense resistance to the Roman occupation, the word “brigand” was often used to designate the insurgent patriots.
Barabbas is judged by the Roman Gouverneur Pontius Pilate, in a context of repeated insurrections Juive S and repressions Roman without mercy. During his procurature, Pontius Pilate, as his predecessors pressed the Jews, and made to crucifier per hundreds the captured unsubmissive people, as it did not send them to the arenas.
However during the lawsuit of Barabbas which knows several stages, Pilate must also decide fate of the defendant Jesus-Christ, on the request of Jewish religious authorities according to which, it would have enfreint the Loi by proposing reforms, and which wish its loss. Pilate questions Jesus and does not find any reason for judgment. In front of crowd gone up, procurateur, which had the capacity of gracier all condemned if he had wanted it, recalls that the Jewish habit wants that one releases a prisoner at the time of the festival of the Easter.
At this point in time he asks the Hebrew public present in the small court of the Temple to choose that which will escape the execution. However this “crowd” exclaims, according to the texts, “ Libérez Barabbas ”, at the same time letting carry out Jesus.
It was indeed inevitable, if one wants to take account of historical reality well, that in this period of oppression, the grace of resistant “famous” (according to Mathieu) to have faced the occupying authority (according to Luc and Marc) had been preferred by the Hebrews present, constrained to save one condemned, that of a soft Prophète in favor of “tightening the other plays” in answer to brutalities.
Pilate which cannot reason them, would have claimed to wash the hands of them in order to express its detachment. However, Pilate had the capacity of gracier whom good it liked, as “a procurator” of the Emperor (i.e. direct representative of this one in this province Cesarean) . The feelings of regret allotted to this man who ordered the crucifixions in mass, are thus not credible and seem to result from interpolations introduced later on into the texts to clear Rome, when the Emperors had become Christian.
Moreover, the bottom of the business concerns interactions between the to be able and the Vérité, therefore of the human Justice.
Catalog of films
- 1962 : Barabbas : Italian-American film of Richard Fleischer with Anthony Quinn in the role of Barabbas, according to the preceding novel.
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