YouthOriginating in Mahdia, it belongs to the first promotion of the Collège Sadiki. Sent to Paris, within a group of students, it continues studies with the Lycée Saint-Louis intended to form Engineer S. However, it stops its studies in 1881, when the protectorate in Tunisia starts. Regaining Tunis, it enters the administration in June 1881. It is there that it can, with the wire of time, to acquire experiment and to contribute to the institution of administrative or cultural organizations. He is indeed the founder of association Khaldounia. In addition, it is named responsible for the service of Comptabilité within the first ministry in 1882, station which it occupies until in 1891.
Engagement reformistSfar begins its political career from militant reformist and nationalist with the foundation, the August 2nd 1888, of the newspaper El Hadhira (the Capital) which is directed by a member of Khaldounia association: Ali Bouchoucha. In its many articles, it calls its compatriots filled with wonder by the France “to take care not to fall into an excess likely to lead them to the disavowal of the culture arabo-Moslem woman and the depersonalization”. This is why it estimates, as a reformist, that the Tunisian national revival can be carried out only by the reform of teaching, i.e. while inculcating to the pupils, beside the Islamic Culture, the exact sciences, the Economic scenes, the Histoire, the Géographie and the living languages.
Confrontation with the colonistsIn its speech in front of the general resident in 1906, at the time of the inauguration of the asylum of the old men, it declares “that it is necessary to cut the evil to the root by generalizing teaching and by encouraging the national Commerce and the artisanal production in order to promote the local labor (competed with at the time by the Bulgarian labor Italy and ). In addition, it is time which cease multiple alienations of the national grounds in order to encourage the Agriculture by the granting of credit with small and average owners”. This speech causes the dissatisfaction with the French colonists who answer it with virulence in multiple articles through their newspaper the French colonist or French Tunisia where a certain Henri Tridon goes even until treating the Arab “bicots with which severity constitutes best guaranteed safety for the colonists”. On the other hand, in France, the group of the free French, supports Sfar in the newspaper Time and notes that it is necessary to take into account the claims of the Jeunes Tunisians which are imbus of the principles of the French revolution. This speech encourages one month later, the April 26th 1906, with the popular rising of the tribes of Frachiches, in the area of Kasserine and Thala, against the occupation of the grounds by the French colonists.
HeritageThis eminent man of culture is, like writes it Fadhel Ben Achour, somebody “who set up with force against the deplorable situation in which was the country at the time, was imbu as of his tender childhood of the principles reformists of Kheireddine and which was of a great revolutionary dash, more especially as it was prevented from continuing the studies which it had started in France”. He marks one period of the history of the national movement which starts with the movement of the Young Tunisians to which he encases the step by posing an additional stake in the way of the national militancy. He militates until his death of the continuations of a Surgical operation.
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