Ayodhya is an antique quoted of the India, in the periphery of Faizabad in Uttar Pradesh. It is located on Right Bank of the Gaghra, with 500 km in the east of New Delhi. In Sanskrit, ayodhyā means “which cannot be conquered”.
Manu, the Indian progenitor of the human race and its first legislator would be, according to the tradition, the founder of the city. In antiquity, Ayodhya - then called Saketa - was the capital of the kingdom of Koshala. Holy City of the Hindouisme, it is regarded as crowned because it is supposed to have been the capital of the kingdom of Rāma, the hero of the Ramayana.
At the 7th century, the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang visited it and counted 20 Buddhist temples there lodging 3000 monks, with the center, however, of a population mainly hindouist. At the end of the 19th century, Ayodhya comprised 96 Hindu temples and 36 Mosquée S. It is there that the poet Tulsi Das would have composed his version of the epopee of Rama .
Since the beginning of the Years 1990, Ayodhya became the center of a intercommunity conflict between Musulman S and Hindou S. Indeed, the December 6th 1992 of the Hindus shave the mosque Babri Masjid , or mosque of Babur, built in 1528. It was built on the site of the birth of the god Râma , where there was a Hindu temple destroyed by the Moslems. It is thus important to stress that the structure which was destroyed on December 6th, 1992 did not function any more as a mosque since decades, but like a Hindu temple since 42 years.
The government since bought the ground to withdraw it from the rival factions. Excavations undertaken on the site to check the validity of the claims of the excessively pious people of Rama confirm these claims, at least as for the presence of a place of Hindu worship before to the mosque. In waiting of an authorization to begin work, the Hindus draw up the plans for the new temple; the materials necessary to its construction are blessed and stored at some distance from the site.
The report/ratio requested from the Archaeological Survey off India (ASI) and returned in August 2003 affirms that one there finds “a proof archaeological of a massive structure just in lower part of the disputed structure (the mosque)”, “a mutilated sculpture of a divine couple” was updated, as well as decorative reasons in the shape of flower of lotus, traditional symbol of the Hindouisme.
NoticeThe town of Ayutthaya in Thailand was named according to the name of Ayodhya.
Articles of K. Elst on the question of Ayodhya.
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