These areas correspond to Chinese territories occupied by an important population of Chinese ethnic minorities non-Han. There is the five, constituent autonomous regions of the Guangxi, Mongolia-Interior, the Ningxia, the Xinjiang and the Tibet.
Each area has an autonomy more widened than other divisions of the provincial level in China. Cultural freedoms (habits, local language,…) are respected; the economy and the civil protection are decentralized authority Chinese and managed by the Gouvernement set up in the area. This last must have, at its head, a leader of the ethnic minority concerned.
The autonomous regions are directed by présidents of the gouvernement.
NameOfficial names of these areas are formed by
- place + minority + 自治区
- Autonomous region + minority + of + place
For example, the strict name of Guangxi is: autonomous region zhuang of Guangxi (Chinese 广西壮族自治区).
Certain areas, like the autonomous region of Tibet , truncate the name of the ethnic minority in order to avoid an useless repetition.
It should be noted that the prefectures, districts and autonomous banners form their respective names in the same way, by changing simply only the statute.
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