Aureille (in Occitan Of Provence: Aurelha according to the traditional Standard and Aureio according to the Norme mistralienne) is a common French, located in the department of the Rhone delta and the area Provence-Alp-Coast of Azure.
Origin of the nameThe etymologists all are not of the same opinion as for the significance of the name “Aureille”.
Three tendencies become apparent:
- the first wants that this name is attached to the way Aurélienne. This way, however, does not pass in the village, but much more in the south.
- a second assumption returns to a root of Provence auro , (“wind” into of Provence).
- the third, which is most probable, was emitted by Charles Rostaing in his dictionary of toponymy. He sees in Aureille the name of a Roman landowner, Aurelius. However, it is that an old family arlésienne bore this name, which would tend to confirm this assumption.
GeographyAureille is between the chain of the Alpilles and the plain of the Crau, halfway between the communes of Eyguières and Mouriès.
HistoryIf the site of Aureille were inhabited since highest Antiquité, the Germanic invasions completely désertifiée it as from the 5th century. As of the 12th century, the settlement begins again. The church of the village, Sancta Maria de Auricula, belongs to the diocese of Arles. In 1224, a citizen of Arles, Bertrand Ybilion, owner of the castrum, yields it to the community of Arles. But the town of Arles cannot deal with such a distant territory. Aureille is deserted.
It will be necessary to await the May 31st 1604, to see the village taking again life. Louise d' Ancézune, rams Saint-Chaumont, buys with the Consul S of Arles the three quarters of the ground of Aureille for the sum of 23.820 ecus. This woman, widow of Christophe of Saint-Chaumont, first baron of the Lyonese, has a considerable fortune. “Because the soil was left there is more than two hundred years uncultivated and deserted, the aforementioned lady of Saint-Chaumont desireroit to make there build to return some houses and it fertile and cultivated well. ”
And thus the village returns to the life. Colonists come to be established there, encouraged by the tax incentives which are proposed to them. Between 1608 and 1620, a score of families is established in Aureille, with the head of which Antoine Payan and Antoine Escarioly are, inhabitants of Eyguières. These families live Eyguières but are originating in the the Alps (Gap, Sisteron, Barcelonnette, the Dauphiné, or, more close, the area of Apt). The waste lands are cleared, one practices the breeding of Chèvre S and ewe, the lord maintains the herds of Jument S and Bœuf S.
A life completely monopolized by the agricultural work all in all. In 1792, when the Comité of Public Hello makes reproaches at the community of Aureille not to have announced suspects to him, questioning the good citizenship of the inhabitants. The answer made by Aureillois does not fail to make smile, showing a not very inclined population to make the play of the politicians: “Our community is of a small population, made up only occupied people of work of the countryside. Always firm in the republican principles, we are ready to support them until the last sigh. Not having never had of suspect among us, we are in the case of to send any table relative on this subject. ”
The community of Aureille had to endure several episodes of plague and cholera, in particular during the 19th century.
Mayors of AureilleThe current mayor of Aureille is Régis Gatti, elected in May 2001.
Places and monuments
- medieval Castle of Aureille, ruined.
- Site of the municipality
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