See also: Assyrian (homonymy)
Assyrian is a linguistic of the Akkadien, spoken and written branch in ancient Assyrie, known by an important corpus of monumental inscriptions and wedge-shaped shelves. The differences between Assyrian and the Babylonian branch of the Akkadien are especially sensitive in phonetics.
One distinguishes three successive states from the Assyrian dialect: paléo-Assyrian, médio-Assyrian and néo-Assyrian.
Paléo-Assyrian is the language of documents dating from 19th and 18th centuries, primarily found in the Assyrian commercial counter of Kanesh, in Anatolia. This language is close to the Paléo-Babylonian contemporary, and it preserves the mimation thus. The reading of this dialect is often complicated by the will of those which wrote them to use a reduced number of wedge-shaped signs (undoubtedly because the majority of them were not scribe). From the phonetic point of view, one does not contract the vowels which are followed in the same word, and one has rules D `vocalic harmony particular.
Médio-Assyrian is written 14th at the 11th century, in the kingdom of Assyrie. Like for Babylonian, this period sees disappearing the mimation. The verbal initial wa- becomes simple U, while it - W being inside a word becomes often one - B. The suffix - U attached to the final verb of a subordinate clause becomes one - nor. The stand comprises also some particular forms.
Néo-Assyrian is the language of the Empire Assyrie N which dominates the the Middle East from 911 to 612. He is of this fact very abundantly documented, even S `he S `does not act of the language of the royal inscriptions, which is the Babylonian standard. Néo-Assyrian knows evolutions close to those to néo-Babylonian in particular from the phonetic point of view it - št- which becomes - lt-, and on the grammatical level the irregular notation of the case endings.
The first translated texts were the inscriptions of the palate of Sargon II, king néo-Assyrian.
Assyrian was written by means of wedge-shaped signs inherited the writing sumérienne, engraved on clay shelves by means of a calame (reed) or in the stone in the inscriptions modumentales. Wedge-shaped néo-Assyrian has an appearance simplified compared to their correspondents Babylonian S.
The néo-Assyrian language was supplanted little by little by another Semitic language, not akkadienne, the Araméen.
|Random links:||Poverty in France | Championship of Czech Republic of hockey D2 | Depth of cut (machining) | Lexicon of Valérian and Laureline | Underlying structure | Belenus|