AntiquityArzew was called Arsenaria or Portus Magnus by the Romains in the Antiquité. The Arab called this place Arzéou (Arziw), name which they extended to all the Canton.
The places were inhabited, initially by the Ben Bet' you ioua (Botoula), a Berber tribe downward of immigrants of the Moroccan Rif, like by half-nomads, the Hamian.
Colonial timeWhen Arzeu was occupied by the French on July 4th, 1833, they called the ancient city Old Arzeu , then Saint-Leu when the center of population was formed in the west close to the ruins of the remainders of the Roman city, as from 1846.
We pronounced indeed " Arzeu" , " eu" as in " heureux". One wrote sometimes " Arzeu" , but more generally " Arzew" , orthography which one could explain as follows: Fishing port, Arzew was also the main port of export of the esparto exploited on the Oranian Top-Plates, to 100 or 150 km in the south. Gathered by an Arab labor mainly female and pressed in enormous balls on the centers of exploitation, this esparto was transported to the sea, formerly by carriages which led of the " carreteros" Spanish, later by truck-drivers, often their children or grandchildren. A long time (the first Algerian paper mill of esparto was built close to Algiers only the shortly after the Second world war), the importation of this esparto was the exclusiveness in English paper makers. The English pronunciation of Arzew respects the Arab name more closely that ours. The Arab name is indeed " Rziou" : /rä' zä' yä' wäw/(Dictionary French-Arab of Abdelkader NOUREDDINE, ED. Carbonnel, Algiers, 1954).
Second world warDuring the Second world war, the allied navy unloaded in 1942 aucours Opération Torch, of followed the Bataille of Arzew vis-a-vis the troops vichists.
War of AlgeriaDuring the war of Algeria, the school of psychological warfare of Arzew named Center of Instruction to Pacification and the Against-Guerilla (CIPCG) was one of the two schools of management training on the psychological warfare.
Created in 1957 by Marcel Bigeard, his instructors were for the majority them also veterans of the Guerre of Indo-China. Like Bigeard, veteran of ? I? N Well pH?, much had been made prisoners, and had undergoes the psychological work of the political police chiefs Viet Minh and communist French like Georges Boudarel. Forts of their experiment they into practice put it against the Fellaghas FLN.
From 1957 to 1960, more than 8.000 officers and warrant officers attended it. Opened with international, of the trainees Belgian S and Portuguese was informed there in order to learn how to fight against the independence movement appearing with the Congo, in Angola and with the Mozambique.
To correct " had subi" (" subi" take part last, without " t")
The Algerian Republic
EconomyArzew develops quickly thanks to the fishing and with the attraction of its nautical port, but undergoes the competition of the ports close to Mostaganem and Oran.
- CIPCG of Arzew
- the battle of Arzew
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